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Cities for a Small Continent: International Handbook of City Recovery

Anne Power

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447327523
eISBN:
9781447327547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327523.001.0001
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Urban Geography

Europe’s historic city centres look dense, busy, cared for, populated with cafes, small shops, monuments, churches, public squares and traffic. On the centre’s edge, even in smaller, poorer cities, ... More


“For Your Safety”: Child Vigilante Squads and Neo-Gangsterism in Urban India

Atreyee Sen

in Global Gangs: Street Violence across the World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816691470
eISBN:
9781452948096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691470.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses how child vigilante squads resist the notion of being “gangs” in India. While child vigilante squads in Indian slums may not appear on the surface to be gangs, they provide ... More


Of Marginality and “Little Emperors”: The Changing Reality of Chinese Youth Gangs

Lening Zhang

in Global Gangs: Street Violence across the World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816691470
eISBN:
9781452948096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691470.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter investigates how the waning of mechanisms of social control in China led to the emergence of youth gangs, as well as the way that these relate to predominant cultural conditions.


Global Gangs: Street Violence across the World

Jennifer M. Hazen and Dennis Rodgers (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816691470
eISBN:
9781452948096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691470.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Few studies reflect the critical need to study gangs across time and space. Most investigations focus on a single gang or gangs in a single community, and present the gang in a “snapshot” manner, ... More


“We Are the True Blood of the Mau Mau”: the Mungiki Movement in Kenya

Jacob Rasmussen

in Global Gangs: Street Violence across the World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816691470
eISBN:
9781452948096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691470.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reveals the close relationship between gangs and social movements in Kenya, exploring in particular the similarities between the Mungiki movement and gangs as social phenomena.


Intimate Connections: Gangs and the Political Economy of Urbanization in South Africa

Steffen Jensen

in Global Gangs: Street Violence across the World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816691470
eISBN:
9781452948096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691470.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the role of the apartheid regime in South Africa in the emergence of gangs and the role they play in the economy, politics, and security of post-apartheid South Africa.


“Playing the Game”: Gang–Militia Logics in War-Torn Sierra Leone

Mats Utas

in Global Gangs: Street Violence across the World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816691470
eISBN:
9781452948096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691470.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the similarities and differences between gangs and militias in post-war Sierra Leone, focusing in particular on the continuities between wartime armed groups and post-conflict ... More


From black Jackets to zulus: social Imagination, Myth, and Reality Concerning French Gangs

Marwan Mohammed

in Global Gangs: Street Violence across the World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816691470
eISBN:
9781452948096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691470.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter investigates how economic factors shaped the emergence of gangs in France between the 1950s and 1970s, and the way that politics subsequently transformed the nature of gang formation in ... More


Gang Politics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Enrique Desmond Arias

in Global Gangs: Street Violence across the World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816691470
eISBN:
9781452948096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691470.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter underscores the strategic – and variable – political discourse about gangs in Brazil, and how this obscures the close relationships that often exist between criminal gangs and state ... More


Cholo!: The Migratory Origins of Chicano Gangs in Los Angeles

James Diego Vigil

in Global Gangs: Street Violence across the World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816691470
eISBN:
9781452948096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691470.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains how immigration and migration in the United States led to the creation of Chicano gangs, as a response to the exclusion and precarious conditions they faced in their new country.


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