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Language Universals: A Collaborative Project for the Language Sciences

Morten H. Christiansen, Chris Collins, and Shimon Edelman

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the general perspective in the linguistic community on language universals. It then presents an overview of the subsequent chapters in this book. This ... More


Introduction

Jeff Good

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This introductory chapter exemplifies different approaches to the problem of understanding the relationship between language universals and language change, using the heuristic categories structural, ... More


Universals and the Diachronic Life Cycle of Languages

James R. Hurford

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter takes the goal of linguistics to be an explanation of how whole languages get to be the way they are. It shows that some insight can be gained into the forces shaping languages by ... More


Approaching Universals from Below: I-Universals in Light of a Minimalist Program for Linguistic Theory

Norbert Hornstein and Cedric Boeckx

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter focuses on linguistic universals embodied in Universal Grammar (UG), a characterization of the innate properties of the language faculty. Approaching language universals from a ... More


Language, Innateness, and Universals

Andy Clark and Jennifer B. Misyak

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Using the preceding chapter as a point of departure, this chapter offers a critical perspective on the notion of innate universals. It presents a “minimal nativism” view, according to which a brain ... More


The Components of Language: What's Specific to Language, and What's Specific to Humans 1

Steven Pinker and Ray Jackendoff

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Hauser, Chomsky, and Fitch (HCF) proposed that recursion is the only thing that distinguishes language (a) from other human capacities, and (b) from the capacities of animals. These factors are ... More


Evolution, Development, and Emerging Universals

Barbara L. Finlay

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter argues that the existence of universals in language would only be surprising if the rest of cognition, as well as the world at large, were unstructured. Given that the world is in some ... More


From Language Learning to Language Evolution

Simon Kirby and Morten H. Christiansen

in Language Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199244843
eISBN:
9780191715167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244843.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that the evolution of more complex sequential learning and processing abilities forms part of the foundation for the origin of language. It relates general properties of ... More


Implications for Theology; Christianity in a Nutshell

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0025
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter argues that theology needs a new language. It adduces quotes from various recent publications that show that after two millennia the meaning of Jesus’ words has become for many people in ... More


Universal Grammar and Semiotic Constraints

Terrence W. Deacon

in Language Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199244843
eISBN:
9780191715167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244843.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter places the human ability for complex symbolic communication at the centre of language evolution. It rejects the notion that the many subpatterns of language structure that can be found ... More


“One Step from Babel to Pentecost”: Colonial Codification, Universal Languages, and the Debate over Roman Transliteration

Robert A. Yelle

in The Language of Disenchantment: Protestant Literalism and Colonial Discourse in British India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199924998
eISBN:
9780199980444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924998.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Chapter 3 describes colonial efforts to purify Indian languages by substituting for their diversity of scripts and modes of spelling a single, uniform system of transliteration based on the Roman ... More


The Dissolution of Language

Edward Nye

in Literary and Linguistic Theories in Eighteenth-Century France: From Nuances to Impertinence

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198160120
eISBN:
9780191673788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198160120.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Criticism/Theory

Until the Revolution, the 18th century in France produced just one aprioristic universal language scheme, which is Faiguet's in his article ‘Langue nouvelle’ for the Encyclopédie. In the decade after ... More


Relativism or a universal theory?

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in From Whorf to Montague: Explorations in the Theory of Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682195
eISBN:
9780191764929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682195.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

After a preliminary defence of the term linguistic relativism, as distinct from Whorfianism, it is observed that the principles of science demand that the linguist seeks to establish maximal ... More


People Around the World Writing in External Languages

Minae Mizumura

in The Fall of Language in the Age of English

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163026
eISBN:
9780231538541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163026.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter presents Minae Mizumura's arguments regarding external language—that people, since discovering language, did not read and write the language they spoke, and that they communicated ... More


Solving the Problem of Babel

Jesse Schotter

in Hieroglyphic Modernisms: Writing and New Media in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474424776
eISBN:
9781474445009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474424776.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

By situating James Joyce within a larger discourse about the problem of Babel, this chapter show how hieroglyphs were used to make arguments for the origin of linguistic differences. The journal ... More


A History of Crosslinguistic Research on Language Acquisition

Clifton Pye

in The Comparative Method of Language Acquisition Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226481289
eISBN:
9780226481319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226481319.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter discusses the history of crosslinguistic research on language acquisition as well as the limitations of the traditional concept of crosslinguistic research. It examines three phases of ... More


Language Acquisition Meets Language Evolution

Morten H. Christiansen and Nick Chater

in Creating Language: Integrating Evolution, Acquisition, and Processing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034319
eISBN:
9780262334778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034319.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The third chapter explores the implications of the cultural evolution of language for understanding the problem of language acquisition, which is cast in a new and much more tractable form. In ... More


The Fall of Language in the Age of English

Minae Mizumura

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163026
eISBN:
9780231538541
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163026.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book lays bare the struggle to retain the brilliance of the English language in a period of English-language dominance. The book acknowledges the value of a universal language in the pursuit of ... More


. Reading Code: The Hallucination of Universal Language from Modernism to Cyberspace

Jessica Pressman

in Digital Modernism: Making It New in New Media

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199937080
eISBN:
9780199352623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937080.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter intervenes in discourse about the readability of computer code. It traces a prehistory of this discussion about code-as-text back by drawing a parallel between the idea that computer ... More


A New Beginning 1629–1630

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses possible reasons for Descartes's move to the Netherlands, and his avoidance of patronage there. Considers his work on optics (including the sine law of refraction and the grinding of ... More


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