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The Insurers Triumphant

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter demonstrates how the coalition of insurance companies, managed-care firms, and small businesses destroyed a proposal for home care for disabled people in the 1980s, and notes that the ... More


A Health Capability Account of Equitable and Efficient Health Financing and Insurance

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Health and Social Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559978
eISBN:
9780191721489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559978.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides an alternative moral framework for analyzing health financing. In the health capability paradigm, continuous universal health insurance is essential for human flourishing. Its ... More


Understanding and Organizing Health Care Systems

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter examines archetypes of health care systems, from various European national health systems to the centrally planned model of the former Soviet Union and the market-driven US model. The ... More


Teaching Hospitals and the Urban Poor

Eli Ginzberg

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300082326
eISBN:
9780300133011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300082326.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Academic health centers (AHCs) have played a key role in propelling the United States to world leadership in technological advances in medicine. At the same time, however, many of these urban-based ... More


Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Joseph Harris

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Why do resource-constrained countries make costly commitments to universal health coverage and AIDS treatment after transitioning to democracy? At a time when the world’s wealthiest nations struggle ... More


Prepayment schemes

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers two different ways of organizing revenue collection in statutory healthcare schemes: social health insurance and taxation. The two models are commonly referred to as ‘Bismarck ... More


Brazil: a long journey towards a universal healthcare system

Armando De Negri Filho

in Advancing the Human Right to Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661619
eISBN:
9780191765056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661619.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter documents recent legal and political developments regarding the constitutional right to health in Brazil, where a broad social acceptance of this right continues to propel movement ... More


Universal Health Coverage: Ensuring Healthy Lives and Promoting Well-Being for All at All Ages

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores the seminal topic of Universal Health Coverage (UHC), an objective within the Sustainable Development goals. It reviews the theory and definitions that shape the current ... More


Between Democracy and Plutocracy

Mugambi Jouet

in Exceptional America: What Divides Americans from the World and from Each Other

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520293298
eISBN:
9780520966468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293298.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Wealth inequality is much sharper in America than all other industrialized countries. The income of the richest 1% Americans has soared while the income of ordinary people either decreased or ... More


Health Risk and Health Security

Jonathan Wolff

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores how various social determinants affect people’s health status. Drawing on UK health outcomes data segmented by class, it considers claims that the benefits of universal health ... More


The World Bank: Contested Institutional Progress in Rights-Based Health Discourse

Yusra Ribhi Shawar and Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190672676
eISBN:
9780190672713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672676.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

The World Bank, one of the largest global health funders, continues to deny a formal legal obligation for human rights. Internal constraints limit the Bank’s ability to do so, since its Articles of ... More


Sufficiency, Comprehensiveness of Health Care Coverage, and Cost-Sharing Arrangements in the Realpolitik of Health Policy

Govind Persad and Harald Schmidt

in What is Enough?: Sufficiency, Justice, and Health

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199385263
eISBN:
9780199385270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385263.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores two questions in detail: How should we determine the threshold for costs that individuals are asked to bear through insurance premiums or care-related out-of-pocket costs, ... More


Ecology of poverty, disease and health care delivery: lessons for planetary health

Matthew H. Bonds, Andres Garchitorena, Paul E. Farmer, and Megan B. Murray

in Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases: pathogen control and public health management in low-income countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789833
eISBN:
9780191831508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789833.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Over the past two decades, the global health agenda has increasingly embraced the concept of sustainable development in pursuit of solutions at the “systems” level. A central challenge is that the ... More


The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS: With Communities for Human Rights

Helena Nygren-Krug

in Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190672676
eISBN:
9780190672713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672676.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter centers on the role of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) in promoting and protecting HIV-related human rights. It starts by recalling the rationale for creating ... More


Barack Obama: “We Are Our Brother’s Keeper”

Gary Scott Smith

in Religion in the Oval Office: The Religious Lives of American Presidents

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199391394
eISBN:
9780199391424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391394.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Barack Obama’s faith has significantly influenced his life, and it has been both widely misunderstood and highly controversial. Although religious issues played a major role in both the 2008 and 2012 ... More


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