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Do Immigrant Children Have A Fair Chance?

Sylvia Guendelman and Kate Cosby

in Raising Children: Emerging Needs, Modern Risks, and Social Responses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195310122
eISBN:
9780199865284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310122.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

For many of those among the working poor who lack coverage by medical insurance, the biggest problem is gaining access to a physician. Immigrants constitute a disproportionate number of the working ... More


Political and Moral Legitimacy: A Normative Theory of Health Policy Decision‐Making

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Health and Social Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559978
eISBN:
9780191721489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559978.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Many countries, including the United States, lack consensus about the core ethical principles concerning health and health care, beyond a market‐based approach to resource allocation. This chapter ... More


Effects of Health Care Reforms on Universal Coverage

Carmelo Mesa-Lago

in Reassembling Social Security: A Survey of Pensions and Health Care Reforms in Latin America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199644612
eISBN:
9780191807022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199644612.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter compiles data on health care coverage and access in twenty countries in Latin America. It summarizes legal coverage in the three health sectors and by population groups, and examines ... More


Health Reform, Government Initiative, and the Future of American Health Care

Robert I. Field

in Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) culminated a century of efforts to achieve universal health coverage. They increasingly focused on market approaches, and the ACA followed this trend by relying on ... More


Revenue collection and pooling arrangements in financing

Di McIntyre and Joseph Kutzin

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0040
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on two of the key functions of a health sector financing system: revenue collection and fund pooling. It uses as its starting point the World Health Organization resolution ... More


Cost Containment versus National Health Insurance

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the 10-year struggle of federal officials to introduce the measures of cost containment, discussing the effect this struggle had on the hope of national health insurance and ... More


Thailand: Chasing the Dream of Free Medical Care for the Sick

Joseph Harris

in Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Set against existing explanations for Thailand’s landmark universal coverage policy, this chapter traces the historical rise of a movement of progressive physicians in Thailand (the Rural Doctors’ ... More


Conclusion

Joseph Harris

in Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter summarizes the overall argument and points to the influential role that elites from esteemed professions played in the institutionalization of policy in the three cases. While in all ... More


Understanding and Organizing Health Care Systems

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter examines archetypes of health care systems, from various European national health systems to the centrally planned model of the former Soviet Union and the market-driven US model. The ... More


Prepayment schemes

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers two different ways of organizing revenue collection in statutory healthcare schemes: social health insurance and taxation. The two models are commonly referred to as ‘Bismarck ... More


Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Joseph Harris

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Why do resource-constrained countries make costly commitments to universal health coverage and AIDS treatment after transitioning to democracy? At a time when the world’s wealthiest nations struggle ... More


Universal Health Coverage: Ensuring Healthy Lives and Promoting Well-Being for All at All Ages

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores the seminal topic of Universal Health Coverage (UHC), an objective within the Sustainable Development goals. It reviews the theory and definitions that shape the current ... More


The Demand for Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Coverage: Evidence from Four Waves of the Retirement Perspectives Survey

Florian Heiss, Daniel McFadden, and Joachim Winter (eds)

in Explorations in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226903378
eISBN:
9780226903385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903385.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter focuses on the new Medicare Part D prescription drug program. Participation in Medicare Part D requires individuals to make active enrollment and plan choice decisions. Active decisions ... More


Sufficiency, Comprehensiveness of Health Care Coverage, and Cost-Sharing Arrangements in the Realpolitik of Health Policy

Govind Persad and Harald Schmidt

in What is Enough?: Sufficiency, Justice, and Health

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199385263
eISBN:
9780199385270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385263.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores two questions in detail: How should we determine the threshold for costs that individuals are asked to bear through insurance premiums or care-related out-of-pocket costs, ... More


The World Bank: Contested Institutional Progress in Rights-Based Health Discourse

Yusra Ribhi Shawar and Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190672676
eISBN:
9780190672713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672676.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

The World Bank, one of the largest global health funders, continues to deny a formal legal obligation for human rights. Internal constraints limit the Bank’s ability to do so, since its Articles of ... More


The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS: With Communities for Human Rights

Helena Nygren-Krug

in Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190672676
eISBN:
9780190672713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672676.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter centers on the role of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) in promoting and protecting HIV-related human rights. It starts by recalling the rationale for creating ... More


The Italian Context

Renzo Pegoraro and Alessandra Bernardi

in Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199989447
eISBN:
9780190207489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989447.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Italy’s health care system is a regionally based National Health Service that provides universal coverage that is free of charge at the point of service, yet there is substantial regional variability ... More


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