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Bending so as Not to Break: What the Bush Presidency Reveals about the Politics of Unilateral Action

William G. Howell and Douglas L. Kriner

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on congressional efforts to curtail the president's foreign policy over terrorism and the Middle East, almost all of which has been unilaterally instituted. With a series of case ... More


Sovereign Debt and the Debt Crisis in Emerging Countries: The Experience of the 1990s

Daniel Marx, Jose Echague, and Guido Sandleris

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyzes the main problems of the current global sovereign debt markets, particularly in relation to emerging countries, and presents some policy recommendations. It describes the ... More


The Interpretation of Acts and Rules in Public International Law

Alexander Orakhelashvili

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546220
eISBN:
9780191720000
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546220.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

There are frequent claims that the international legal regulation in one or another field of international law is uncertain, vague, ambiguous, or indeterminate, which does not support the stability, ... More


Introduction

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Three main themes emerge from this edited collection. First, there has been an increased incidence of intervention for humanitarian purposes since the end of the Cold War. In these cases, the alleged ... More


New States in Latin America

Mikulas Fabry

in Recognizing States: International Society and the Establishment of New States Since 1776

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199564446
eISBN:
9780191722325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564446.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 2 examines the emergence of recognition of de facto states. Crafted by early nineteenth‐century American and British foreign policy‐makers in response to unilateral secessions in Latin ... More


New States in Nineteenth‐Century Europe

Mikulas Fabry

in Recognizing States: International Society and the Establishment of New States Since 1776

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199564446
eISBN:
9780191722325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564446.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 3 traces the gradual adoption of the de facto standard in nineteenth‐century Europe. It was the defining consideration not only in response to unilateral secessions, but also to other types ... More


New States in Decolonization After 1945

Mikulas Fabry

in Recognizing States: International Society and the Establishment of New States Since 1776

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199564446
eISBN:
9780191722325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564446.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 5 shows that despite the problematic character of self‐determination as a positive claim against international society, the Wilsonian conception was the basis of post‐1945 decolonization. ... More


Introduction

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the aim of this book, which is to present a study of the neural basis of communication that emphasizes behavioral analysis rather than ... More


Unilateral Market Power

Louis Kaplow

in Competition Policy and Price Fixing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158624
eISBN:
9781400846078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158624.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines unilateral market power. The exercise of such power sometimes constitutes a competing explanation for price elevation in oligopolistic industries. This possibility raises three ... More


Developing Countries in the Global IP System

Carolyn Deere

in The Implementation Game: The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550616
eISBN:
9780191720284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550616.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter traces the evolution of developing country engagement with the international IP regulation through three phases. The colonial era marked the first formal encounters between developing ... More


The Formation of Contracts: Offer and Acceptance

Michael Lobban

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XII: 1820–1914 Private Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258826
eISBN:
9780191705168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258826.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses contract formation in terms of offer and acceptance. It considers the meetings of the minds between parties, communication problems, and unilateral contracts.


Unilateral and Multilateral Currency Unions: Thoughts from an EMU Perspective

Ignazio Angeloni

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The distinction here explored between unilateral and multilateral currency union takes the experience of the European Monetary Union (EMU) as a basis. Unilateral currency union is the adoption by one ... More


Dollarization and Euroization in Transition Countries: Currency Substitution, Asset Substitution, Network Externalities, and Irreversibility

Edgar L. Feige and James W. Dean

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter examines the extent, causes and consequences of transition countries’ use of foreign currency as a co-circulating medium of exchange and store of value. Using new estimates of foreign ... More


Currency Substitution in Anticipation of EU Accession

Hans Genberg

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Countries in Eastern and Central Europe that are joining the European Union will eventually also join EMU. The process of accession entails a transition period at whose end the domestic currency is ... More


The Blind Leading the Mind: Pathological Visual Completion in Hemianopia and Spatial Neglect

Jason B. Mattingley and Robin Walker

in Filling-In: From Perceptual Completion to Cortical Reorganization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195140132
eISBN:
9780199865307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140132.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on a visual anomaly that arises after unilateral damage, in which patients claim to see a complete visual shape even though a substantial portion of the stimulus falls within an ... More


‘The Last Outpost’: The Natalians, South Africa, and the British Empire

John Lambert

in Settlers and Expatriates: Britons over the Seas

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297672
eISBN:
9780191594335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297672.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the largest and last of Britain's colonies of settlement, highlighting its advanced degree of responsible government, making it almost a dominion, which caused Britain its ... More


The Basic Economics of Services Trade

Brian Copeland and Aaditya Mattoo

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter starts with a brief overview on how services are traded and the different modes of service supply that include: cross-border trade, consumption abroad, foreign direct investment, and ... More


Reinforcement Training with the Partners of Those Who Abuse Substances

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Clinical Applications of Evidence-Based Family Interventions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149524
eISBN:
9780199865154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149524.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Children and Families

This chapter covers a type of treatment for substance use that targets partners of the problem drinker. Variations of this type of treatment are categorized together as “reinforcement training,” ... More


Attention

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses how we become aware of stimuli, focus our attention, and withdraw it. Topics covered include sensory awareness, spotlights and floodlights of attention, and habituation. It ... More


The Dual Executive: Unilateral Orders in a Separated and Shared Power System

Michelle Belco and Brandon Rottinghaus

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780804799973
eISBN:
9781503601987
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804799973.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The president serves dual roles in the political system: one who “commands” by pursuing his or her agenda using unilateral orders and one who “administers” and who works to continue proper government ... More


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