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 Obstacles to Responsibility

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195325461
eISBN:
9780199869275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325461.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys some of the main objections that might be brought against the responsibility argument. Chapters 1, 3, and 4 considered eight of these objections. This chapter evaluates eight ... More


The Economics of Unfairness

Simon Head

in The New Ruthless Economy: Work and Power in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179835
eISBN:
9780199850211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179835.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the unfairness in the workplace brought about by scientific management and industrial reengineering in the U.S. It discusses reforms that are needed to correct the imbalance of ... More


Utilitarianism Versus Dogmatic Intuitionism

David Phillips

in Sidgwickian Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778911
eISBN:
9780199919093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778911.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sidgwick argues that his own proto-utilitarian axioms satisfy his four criteria for self-evidence, while the principles of common-sense morality do not. On anyone's account, this criterial argument ... More


Accessible and Nonaccessible Grounds of Political Decision

Kent Greenawalt

in Private Consciences and Public Reasons

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195094190
eISBN:
9780199853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195094190.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Analyzing the problems of decision making in the preceding chapter, the question posed here is “why would someone challenge grounds on which someone else makes political decisions?” Various answers ... More


Is It Right to Save the Greater Number?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the situation that we have to choose between the numbers of lives saved (is it right to save the greater number?), Ch. 6 argues against the existence of the conflict between considerations of the ... More


Fair Labelling and Social Solidarity

Victor Tadros

in Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199696796
eISBN:
9780191742293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696796.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter focuses on ‘fair labelling’ in criminal law. It builds upon Ashworth's exposition of fair labelling to explore variant forms of unfairness in the labelling of crimes and the holding of ... More


Unfair Contracts

Hugh Collins

in Regulating Contracts

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258017
eISBN:
9780191717857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258017.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the regulation of unfairness in contracts in the strict sense of an imbalance between the performances required by each party under the contract. It challenges two popular ... More


Exploitation and Intolerable Unfairness

Mark R. Reiff

in Exploitation and Economic Justice in the Liberal Capitalist State

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199664009
eISBN:
9780191751400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664009.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the concept of intolerable unfairness and shows how this concept can be used to limit what would otherwise be the uncomfortably broad implications of a cost-of-production-based ... More


Why People Radicalize

Kees Van Den Bos

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190657345
eISBN:
9780190657376
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190657345.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book focuses on the issue of why people radicalize. This issue includes the question of why sometimes Muslims or those who identify with right-wing or left-wing politics engage in violent ... More


Discretionary Exclusion of Confessions and Other Evidence—General Principles

Peter Mirfield

in Silence, Confessions and Improperly Obtained Evidence

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262695
eISBN:
9780191682391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262695.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Though the authority on the point is surprisingly sparse, there can be no doubt at all that it was and is a general rule of the common law that the admissibility in law of evidence is not affected by ... More


Legislative Control of Fairness: The Directive on Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts

Hugh Beale

in Good Faith and Fault in Contract Law

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265788
eISBN:
9780191682964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265788.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter deals with the topic that has assumed major importance in modern contract law, namely legislative control of unfairness. It discusses the difficulties raised by standard contracts and ... More


Procedural Unfairness in Real and Film Trials: Why do Audiences Understand Stories Placed in Foreign Legal Systems?

Stefan Machura

in Law and Popular Culture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199272235
eISBN:
9780191699603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272235.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter analyses procedural unfairness in trials in real life and in motion pictures. It aims to explain why law films from one country are usually sufficiently understood by audience almost ... More


Truncated opportunities: eliciting unheard voices on social evils

Alice Mowlam and Chris Creegan

in Contemporary social evils

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424099
eISBN:
9781447301981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424099.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The Qualitative Research Unit at the independent research organisation, National Centre for Social Research, was commissioned to organise a series of discussion events so that a range of the ... More


Exploitation and Economic Justice in the Liberal Capitalist State

Mark R. Reiff

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199664009
eISBN:
9780191751400
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664009.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book develops the first new, liberal theory of economic justice to appear since John Rawls and Ronald Dworkin proposed their respective theories back in the 1970s and early 1980s. It does this ... More


Introduction

Mark R. Reiff

in Exploitation and Economic Justice in the Liberal Capitalist State

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199664009
eISBN:
9780191751400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664009.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The introduction explains the overall objectives of the work, describes the enormous rise in economic inequality that has occurred over the last thirty years, and defines some of the basic tools or ... More


Uncertainty and Justifiability to Each Person: Response to Fleurbaey and Voorhoeve

Johann Frick

in Inequalities in Health: Concepts, Measures, and Ethics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199931392
eISBN:
9780199345731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931392.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper responds to the arguments of Marc Fleurbaey and Alex Voorhoeve in “Decide as You Would with Full Information! An Argument against ex ante Pareto” (this volume). According to the ex ante ... More


Racial Profiling

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

in Born Free and Equal?: A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature of Discrimination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199796113
eISBN:
9780199350995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796113.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 11 considers the controversial issue of racial profiling. Suppose that being a member of a certain racial group is a useful proxy for, say, an above-average probability that one engages in ... More


Reaffirming the Consumer Cases

Thomas E. Carbonneau

in Toward a New Federal Law on Arbitration

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199965519
eISBN:
9780199366927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199965519.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Court's recent rulings indicate that its support for arbitration remains unfailing. These cases address adhesive arbitration, perhaps the most controversial part of the judicial doctrine on ... More


Public perceptions of unfairness in urban planning

Neil Stanley

in Justice and Fairness in the City: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to 'Ordinary' Cities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447318385
eISBN:
9781447318408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447318385.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses the importance of the perception, by the public, of unfairness in land-use decision-making in the urban planning process. The analysis draws attention to the institutional and ... More


The Shadow of Unfairness: A Plebeian Theory of Liberal Democracy

Jeffrey Green

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190215903
eISBN:
9780190600679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215903.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

In this sequel to his prize-winning book, The Eyes of the People, Jeffrey Edward Green draws on philosophy, history, social science, and literature to ask what democracy can mean in a world where it ... More


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