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Believing by Faith: A Jamesian Position

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Following James — and using his notion of a ‘genuine option’ — it is proposed that doxastic ventures are permissible provided the issue is ‘forced’, of sufficient importance, and essentially ... More


Generality

Michael Potter

in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199215836
eISBN:
9780191721243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on Wittgenstein's account of quantification. Topics covered include variables as classes of propositions, Wittgenstein's idea of decomposing a notation, and the mechanical ... More


Computable Economics: The Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

K. Velupillai

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295273
eISBN:
9780191596988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295278.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

In a discipline such as economics, increasingly devoted to its computational content, the mathematical underpinnings of the computability assumptions of economic fundamentals have not been ... More


Introduction

Neil Tennant

in The Taming of the True

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199251605
eISBN:
9780191698057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251605.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the realist views of meaning the truth. This book discusses the realism debate, provides a brief survey of varieties of ... More


The Manifestation Argument is Dead

Neil Tennant

in The Taming of the True

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199251605
eISBN:
9780191698057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251605.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explores the foundational relationships between manifestation, bivalence and undecidability. It examines all possible positions one might take on the relationships among the decidable, ... More


Aristotle on Protagoras and early conceptions of thinking and perceiving

Mi-Kyoung Lee

in Epistemology after Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199262229
eISBN:
9780191602924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262225.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In the Metaphysics, Aristotle attempts to identify the picture of thinking that lies behind Protagoras’ measure doctrine. According to this picture, thinking, like perceiving, is produced through ... More


Mathematical Objectivity and Mathematical Objects

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Focuses on an issue about the objectivity of mathematics—the extent to which undecidable sentences have determinate truth‐value—and argues that this issue is more important than the issue of the ... More


After Gödel: Platonism and Rationalism in Mathematics and Logic

Richard Tieszen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199606207
eISBN:
9780191725500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606207.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book contains an analysis, development, and defense of a number of central ideas in Kurt Gödel's writings on the philosophy and foundations of mathematics and logic, with reference to his three ... More


Gödel's Disjunction: The scope and limits of mathematical knowledge

Leon Horsten and Philip Welch (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198759591
eISBN:
9780191820373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759591.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The logician Kurt Gödel in 1951 established a disjunctive thesis about the scope and limits of mathematical knowledge: either the mathematical mind is equivalent to a Turing machine (i.e., a ... More


Incompleteness, Consistency, and the Ascent to Platonic Rationalism

Richard Tieszen

in After Gödel: Platonism and Rationalism in Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199606207
eISBN:
9780191725500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606207.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter contains a brief overview of Gödel's main results on incompleteness and undecidability, consistency, finite axiomatizability, independence, and speed-up techniques. Tarski's ... More


Minds and Machines

Richard Tieszen

in After Gödel: Platonism and Rationalism in Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199606207
eISBN:
9780191725500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606207.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Are human minds just Turing machines or some kind of computational information processors? Many scholars, including Gödel himself, have thought that the incompleteness theorems have important ... More


Laclau and Mouffe: The Closure of an Open Politics, or, Undecidability on the Left

Brett Levinson

in Market and Thought: Meditations on the Political and Biopolitical

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823223848
eISBN:
9780823235421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823223848.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines a work that was of great influence in the 1980s and 1990s: Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe's Hegemony and Socialist Strategy. Hegemony outlines the possibilities for new ... More


Name That Varmint: From Gregor to Josephine

Jay Geller

in Bestiarium Judaicum: Unnatural Histories of the Jews

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780823275595
eISBN:
9780823277148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823275595.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter undertakes close readings of Kafka’s first and last published animal narratives, The Metamorphosis and “Josephine the Singer.” It focuses upon the different strategies by which Kafka ... More


Platform, or The Miracle of the Ordinary

Gavin Steingo

in Kwaito's Promise: Music and the Aesthetics of Freedom in South Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226362403
eISBN:
9780226362687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226362687.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

With the end of apartheid, black South Africans took control of the means of musical production. Musicians formed independent record labels known as “stables,” and kwaito exploded onto the national ... More


Jacques Derrida: The Im-possibility of Responsibility

Derrida Levinas and Nancy

in Ethics and Politics after Poststructuralism: Levinas, Derrida and Nancy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748685134
eISBN:
9780748695119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748685134.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 3 offers a reading of Derrida’s work on ethics and responsibility, focusing on decision and knowledge, the conditional and unconditional, right and law, hospitality and justice, and ... More


“The Squeak of the Hinge”: Hinging and Swinging in Woolf and Mansfield

Gill Lowe

in Virginia Woolf and Her Female Contemporaries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781942954088
eISBN:
9781786944122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781942954088.003.0021
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This paper explores the concept of the hinge in Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway and Katherine Mansfield short fiction. It analyses instances of instability in these texts: psychological, postural, ... More


0, 1, Undecidability, and the Virgin

Lorenzo Chiesa

in The Not-Two: Logic and God in Lacan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262529037
eISBN:
9780262335034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529037.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter concludes the investigation of the phallic function and sexuation. It argues that, against Frege and logical positivism, the phallic function as the transcendental logic of ... More


The Posthuman, or the Humility of the Earth

Jean-Michel Rabaté

in Think, Pig!: Beckett at the Limit of the Human

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823270859
eISBN:
9780823270903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823270859.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Developing the links between Beckett and Joyce, this chapter argues that Beckett adapted Joyce’s conception of the posthuman, a conception elaborated when Joyce was completing Ulysses and presenting ... More


The Grand Unified Theory of Computation

Moore Cristopher

in The Nature of Computation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199233212
eISBN:
9780191775079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233212.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explores a universal notion of computation, first by describing Charles Babbage's vision of a mechanical device that can perform any calculation as well as David Hilbert's dream of a ... More


Absolute Provability and Safe Knowledge of Axioms

Timothy Williamson

in Gödel's Disjunction: The scope and limits of mathematical knowledge

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198759591
eISBN:
9780191820373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759591.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Are there any in-principle (or absolutely) undecidable hypotheses? In order to make progress with this question, its terms must be first clarified. Against the background of a proposed clarification, ... More


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