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Truth and Human Nature

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter develops and defends four claims about Kant's theory of truth. The first is that Kant holds that ‘the accordance of my cognition with its object’ is the strictly and analytically ... More


Utilitarianism and Truthfulness 1

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Considers a Prisoners’ dilemma–type scenario, which aims to show the “disutility of utilitarianism.” The scenario is dealt with by showing that one can avail oneself of an independent premise of ... More


Accountants' Truth: Knowledge and Ethics in the Financial World

Matthew Gill

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547142
eISBN:
9780191720017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547142.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Accounting is the language of business, increasingly standardized across the world through global banks and corporations: a technical tool used to reach the correct, unquestionable answer. ... More


Self‐Deception and Hope

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Ethicists have linked meaningful life and honesty with oneself. Similarly, therapists regard honesty with oneself as integral to healing, and they regard contact with reality as a criterion for ... More


Moral Health: Well‐Being and the Virtues

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter continues the discussion began in Chapter 1 on the ways moral values are embedded in conceptions of mental disorders and positive health, focusing on when mental health is defined ... More


Performance and Truthfulness

Matthew Gill

in Accountants' Truth: Knowledge and Ethics in the Financial World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547142
eISBN:
9780191720017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547142.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Performance in accounting refers to both quality of work and quality of self-presentation. This chapter reveals how the distinction between these two meanings becomes blurred in professional life. It ... More


Conclusion

Matthew Gill

in Accountants' Truth: Knowledge and Ethics in the Financial World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547142
eISBN:
9780191720017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547142.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter draws together the conclusions of previous chapters with respect to knowledge, truthfulness, work, ethics, and professionalism. It argues that attempts to overcome the crisis of ... More


The Genealogy of Testimonial Justice

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter traces the genealogy of the virtue of testimonial justice back to the State of Nature. Building on Bernard Williams' account of two basic ‘virtues of truth’, namely Accuracy and ... More


Truth and Fiction in the Speeches

Andrew Lintott

in Cicero as Evidence: A Historian's Companion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216444
eISBN:
9780191712180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216444.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter argues that historians must not only consider what the texts of the speeches actually represent, but also the orator's preference for persuasiveness over truthfulness. It is shown that ... More


Language

Keith Hossack

in The Metaphysics of Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199206728
eISBN:
9780191709777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206728.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Faculty Model treats the acquisition of knowledge by testimony as similar to the acquisition of knowledge by perception. When one becomes aware of a fact κ by immediate visual perception, the ... More


Truthfulness and Integrity (NE IV.7)

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

At first glance, one might think that Aristotle’s account of truthfulness is an oddly truncated account of the virtue of honesty. But Aristotle disperses honesty among the other virtues. Honestly ... More


Questions of Trust

Neil MacCormick

in Practical Reason in Law and Morality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198268772
eISBN:
9780191713071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268772.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter considers the place of mutual trust in human engagements, both in relation to honesty and truthfulness in communication and in relation to good faith in contracts, promises, and the like.


 Candor and Integrity in Science

Gerald Holton

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In the pursuit of research and in the reporting of their results, the individual scientist as well as the community of fellow professionals relies implicitly on the researcher embracing the habit of ... More


Sentiment and Sentimentality

David Pugmire

in Sound Sentiments: Integrity in the Emotions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276899
eISBN:
9780191602689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276897.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Sentimentality, the most easily recognizable of emotional vices, is often charged with subordinating truth to desired emotional effect. Yet there can be good reasons for doing that. Where there is ... More


On the Supposed Duty of Truthfulness: Kant on Lying in Self-Defense

David Sussman

in The Philosophy of Deception

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327939
eISBN:
9780199852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327939.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by admitting how strongly Kant does seem to denounce lying and, indeed, self-deception. It further elaborates Kant's attacks on lying, including his famous claim that truthfulness ... More


Theological Integrity and the Practice of Truth-Telling

James Fodor

in Christian Hermeneutics: Paul Ricoeur and the Refiguring of Theology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263494
eISBN:
9780191682575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263494.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Austin believes that questions about truth can be answered apart from questions of truthfulness and integrity. Discovering what it means for Christian discourse to have integrity is gained by ... More


Languages and Language

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Lewis attempts the synthesis of two rival accounts: the thesis, according to which languages are a semantic system abstracted from the nature and history of human affairs; and the antithesis, ... More


Testimony and Memory

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Testimony should not be regarded as a source, and still less as a ground, of knowledge: it is the transmission from one individual to another of knowledge acquired by whatever means. A sceptic cannot ... More


Nietzsche's Virtues: What Would He Make of Us?

Robert C. Solomon

in Living with Nietzsche: What the Great "Immoralist" has to Teach Us

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195160147
eISBN:
9780199835065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195160142.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Nietzsche is a “virtue ethicist,” like Aristotle, though his virtues are obviously very different. I discuss both Nietzsche’s Aristotelian virtues, and others that are not Aristotelian at all. In the ... More


Johnson's Assertions and Concessions: Moral Irresolution and Rhetorical Performance

John Richetti

in Samuel Johnson: The Arc of the Pendulum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654345
eISBN:
9780191745003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654345.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Johnson often enough in his moral writings entertains propositions in order to display his rhetorical abilities, defending notions he elsewhere refutes or rejects. His essays are essentially ... More


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