Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 202 items

  • Keywords: tropical x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Intellectual Property and Health in Developing Countries

Jean Tirole

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay focuses on the impact of intellectual property rights (IPRs) on low- and middle-income countries’ health care. There are two different reasons why poor countries may not have access to ... More


Public Policies to Stimulate Development of Vaccines for Neglected Diseases

Michael Kremer

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay focuses on the impact of intellectual property rights (IPRs) on low-and middle-income countries’ health care. There are two different reasons why poor countries may not have access to ... More


The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest: Ecology, Behaviour and Conservation

Vernon Reynolds

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515463
eISBN:
9780191705656
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515463.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Chimpanzees have never been more threatened with extinction than they are today. This book focuses on one chimpanzee group, the Sonso community, living in a tropical rain forest, the Budongo Forest ... More


Producing Modernity in Mexico: Labour, Race, and the State in Chiapas, 1876-1914

Sarah Washbrook

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264973
eISBN:
9780191754128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264973.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Race, ethnicity, and gender played an important role in the complex relationship between export agriculture, labour, and state power in Chiapas during the regime of Porfirio Díaz (1876–1914). This ... More


The geography of disease distributions

Andrew Cliff and Peter Haggett

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Over the course of the last century, the confused landscape that lies on the marchland of two very ancient subjects — geography and medicine — has been explored from several directions. Occasionally, ... More


Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in Amazon tree turnover

Oliver L. Phillips, Timothy R. Baker, Luzmila Arroyo, Niro Higuchi, Timothy Killeen, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Jon Lloyd, Yadvinder Malhi, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Nuñez Vargas, J. Natalino N. Silva, Rodolfo Vásquez Martinez, Miguel Alexiades, Samuel Almeida, Sandra Brown, Jerome Chave, James A. Comiskey, Claudia I. Czimczik, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Caroline Kuebler, Susan G. Laurance, Henrique E. M. Nascimento, Jean Olivier, Walter Palacios, Sandra Patiño, Nigel Pitman, Carlos A. Quesada, Mario Saldias, Armando Torres Lezama, and Barbara Vinceti

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Previous work found that tree turnover, biomass, and large liana densities increased in mature tropical forests in the late 20th century, indicating a concerted shift in forest ecological processes. ... More


Late twentieth-century trends in the biomass of Amazonian forest plots

Timothy R. Baker, Oliver L. Phillips, Yadvinder Malhi, Samuel Almeida, Luzmila Arroyo, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Niro Higuchi, Timothy J. Killeen, Susan G. Laurance, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Núnez Vargas, Nigel C. A. Pitman, J. Natalino M. Silva, and Rodolfo Vásquez Martínez

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses a previous study by Phillips et al. (1998) on biomass changes in Amazonian permanent sample plots which has been used to infer the presence of a regional carbon sink, ... More


Error propagation and scaling for tropical forest biomass estimates

Jerome Chave, Guillem Chust, Richard Condit, Salomon Aguilar, Andres Hernandez, Suzanne Lao, and Rolando Perez

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The dry above-ground biomass (AGB) of tropical forests is a crucial variable for ecologists, biogeochemists, foresters, and policy makers. Permanent tree inventories provide an efficient way of ... More


The longevity and resilience of the Amazon rainforest

Mark Maslin

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter highlights and explains the impressive story of the persistence of the Amazonian rainforest throughout the Cenozoic. Palaeoclimate and palaeoecological records suggest that the Amazon ... More


Amazonian ecosystems and atmospheric change since the last glacial maximum

Francis E. Mayle and Mark B. Bush

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter reviews previously published palaeovegetation and independent palaeoclimatic datasets to determine the responses of Amazonian ecosystems to changes in temperature, precipitation, and ... More


Modelling the past and the future fate of the Amazonian forest

Sharon A. Cowling, Richard A. Betts, Peter M. Cox, Virginia J. Ettwein, Chris D. Jones, Mark A. Maslin, and Steven A. Spall

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter contrasted HadCM3LC simulations of Amazonian forest at the Last Glacial Maximum (21 kya) and a Younger Dryas-like period (13-12 kya) with predicted responses of future warming to provide ... More


Climate change and speciation in neotropical seasonally dry forest plants

R. Toby Pennington, Matt Lavin, Darién E. Prado, Colin A. Pendry, and Susan K. Pell

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Historical climate changes have had a major effect on the distribution and evolution of plant species in the neotropics. What is more controversial is whether relatively recent and rapid Pleistocene ... More


The prospects for tropical forests in the twenty-first-century atmosphere

Oliver L. Phillips and Yadvinder Malhi

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

At the start of the 21st century the human race lives in a radically altered biosphere, and in an atmosphere that is shifting rapidly to conditions with no direct analogue in Earth's prehistory. ... More


Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in the climate of tropical forest regions

Yadvinder Malhi and James Wright

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter presents an analysis of the mean climate and climatic trends of tropical rainforest regions over the period 1960-98, with the aid of climatological databases. Since the mid-1970s all ... More


Twenty-first century atmospheric change and deforestation: potential impacts on tropical forests

Wolfgang Cramer, Alberte Bondeau, Sibyll Schaphoff, Wolfgang Lucht, Ben Smith, and Stephen Sitch

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter quantifies the relative roles of carbon dioxide (CO2), temperature, rainfall, and deforestation on the future extent and condition of tropical rainforests, and examines the magnitude of ... More


Predicting the impacts of global environmental changes on tropical forests

Simon L. Lewis, Yadvinder Malhi, and Oliver L. Phillips

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Recent observations of widespread changes in mature tropical forests such as a rise in tree growth, recruitment and mortality, and above-ground biomass, suggest that ‘global change’ agents may be ... More


Ecophysiological and biogeochemical responses to atmospheric change

Jeffrey Q. Chambers and Whendee L. Silver

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There are several atmospheric changes that may affect physiological and biogeochemical processes in old-growth tropical forests. Elevated CO2 is likely to directly influence numerous leaf-level ... More


Tropical forests dynamics in response to a CO2-rich atmosphere

Christian Körner

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The fixation and storage of carbon by tropical forests, which contain close to half of the globe's biomass carbon, may be affected by elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration. Classical theoretical ... More


The effects of drought on tropical forest ecosystems

Patrick Meir and John Grace

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Drought stress in tropical forests can have a major impact on global carbon, water, and energy cycles. This chapter examines drought-induced responses in the processing of carbon and water by intact ... More


Late twentieth-century trends in tree-community composition in an Amazonian forest

William F. Laurance, Alexandre A. Oliveira, Susan G. Laurance, Richard Condit, Henrique E. M. Nascimento, Ana Andrade, Christopher W. Dick, Ana C. Sanchez-Thorin, Thomas E. Lovejoy, and José E. L. S. Ribeiro

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The rainforests of central Amazonia are some of the most species-rich tree communities on earth. In recent decades, forests in the central-Amazonian landscape have experienced highly non-random ... More


View: