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Recollections of early vacuum tube circuits

Maurice Wilkes

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0019
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a description of the birth of electronics. It then discusses the three main approaches to the design of trees and gating circuits, and the great designer Alan Blumlein, who ... More


Tress and Catalan Numbers

Thomas Koshy

in Catalan Numbers with Applications

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195334548
eISBN:
9780199868766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334548.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter presents delightful occurrences of Catalan numbers in the theory of trees. They include binary trees, full binary trees, planted trivalent binary trees, triangulations and prefix ... More


Mushroom

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Mushrooms are the most wondrous inventions of the last billion years of evolutionary history on earth. Their overnight appearance is a pneumatic process, with the inflation of millions of preformed ... More


 Ranking Ethnic Peoples: “First the Jew, Then the Greek”

Caroline Johnson Hodge

in If Sons, Then Heirs: A Study of Kinship and Ethnicity in the Letters of Paul

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182163
eISBN:
9780199785612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182163.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter examines several passages in which Paul links Jews and gentiles (or Greeks) together, establishing a common ground but also maintaining a separation between them. Their connection is ... More


 Creationist Purpose and Irreducible Complexity Rebutted

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter rebuts irreducible complexity and creationism by explaining the reliability of dating techniques as well as sophisticated laboratory techniques that allow researchers to synthesize ... More


DEPTH-BOUNDED SEARCH TREES

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter presents the second very basic design technique for fixed-parameter algorithms: depth-bounded search trees. It starts with simple observations and some basic definitions and facts, ... More


Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in Amazon tree turnover

Oliver L. Phillips, Timothy R. Baker, Luzmila Arroyo, Niro Higuchi, Timothy Killeen, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Jon Lloyd, Yadvinder Malhi, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Nuñez Vargas, J. Natalino N. Silva, Rodolfo Vásquez Martinez, Miguel Alexiades, Samuel Almeida, Sandra Brown, Jerome Chave, James A. Comiskey, Claudia I. Czimczik, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Caroline Kuebler, Susan G. Laurance, Henrique E. M. Nascimento, Jean Olivier, Walter Palacios, Sandra Patiño, Nigel Pitman, Carlos A. Quesada, Mario Saldias, Armando Torres Lezama, and Barbara Vinceti

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Previous work found that tree turnover, biomass, and large liana densities increased in mature tropical forests in the late 20th century, indicating a concerted shift in forest ecological processes. ... More


Are We the Third Chimpanzee?

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our closest living relatives are the great apes, but which of the many types of apes are we closest to? The evidence from most genes supports humans being the closest relatives to the two chimpanzee ... More


Classification

Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 6 described techniques for estimating joint probability distributions from multivariate data sets and for identifying the inherent clustering within the properties of sources. This approach ... More


Domestication

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter deals with one of the most long-debated question about how dogs became domesticated. Traditional understanding of this process was based on the finding of archaeologists that are, ... More


Holocene extinctions and the loss of feature diversity

Arne Ø. Mooers, Simon J. Goring, Samuel T. Turvey, and Tyler S. Kuhn

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Each species can be considered to possess a set of unique characters which comprise its feature diversity — the diversity that would be lost when that species goes extinct. Biodiversity is unevenly ... More


The Ground of Being: The Drama of Dirt in Genesis 2:4b–3:24

William P. Brown

in The Seven Pillars of Creation: The Bible, Science, and the Ecology of Wonder

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730797
eISBN:
9780199777075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730797.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Theology

The topic is the Garden of Eden in Genesis 2:4b-3:24, the Yahwist account of creation. In contrast to the God of Genesis 1, the God of the Garden is a down-to-earth deity who improvises and sometimes ... More


The Rhetoric of Primer, Commentary, Canon

Tony K. Stewart

in The Final Word: The Caitanya Caritamrita and the Grammar of Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195392722
eISBN:
9780199777327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392722.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The Caitanya caritāmṛta opened with the doctrine of the pañca tattva, the theological basis for Caitanya’s descent with his retinue, dhāma, whose individuals were named by the hundreds. To articulate ... More


Life Cycle Ecophysiology of Osmia Mason Bees Used as Crop Pollinators

Jordi Bosch, Fabio Sgolastra, and William P. Kemp

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Several solitary bee species in the genus Osmia have been studied as potential pollinators of fruit trees and other early-blooming crops. Methods to manage large populations in agro-ecosystems have ... More


INTRODUCTION TO FIXED-PARAMETER ALGORITHMS

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter discusses three introductory examples for studying exact and fixed-parameter algorithms. It starts with the boolean Satisfiability problem and its numerous parameters, then discusses an ... More


 Backing Up

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter's title signifies not only that backward induction is introduced, but that some backing up is necessary to put the material of the previous chapter on a more solid foundation. The game ... More


TREE DECOMPOSITIONS OF GRAPHS

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter provides an introduction to tree decomposition and treewidth, important concepts from modern graph theory. Treewidth is one of the best studied and most significant structural ... More


PHASE-TYPE QUEUES

D. A. Bini, G. Latouche, and B. Meini

in Numerical Methods for Structured Markov Chains

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527688
eISBN:
9780191713286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527688.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

In this chapter a series of processes with a variety of transition structures are considered and their analysis is presented in a unifying manner. These processes are grouped under the generic name ... More


SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES

D. A. Bini, G. Latouche, and B. Meini

in Numerical Methods for Structured Markov Chains

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527688
eISBN:
9780191713286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527688.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

Some specialized structures are investigated in this chapter and some of the algorithms in previous chapters are adapted to the specific cases. Markov chains with limited displacement (non-skip-free ... More


“Everything Has a Schedule”: Some Trees

Jesse Zuba

in The First Book: Twentieth-Century Poetic Careers in America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164472
eISBN:
9781400873791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164472.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter offers an interpretation of one of the most remarkable debut collections ever selected for the Yale Series of Younger Poets award—Some Trees by John Ashbery. The reputation of the book ... More


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