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Darwin and the Beagle: Experimenting with Transmutation, 1831–1836

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the adventures of Charles Darwin, mainly in South America, during the five-year voyage of the HMS Beagle. The possibility of Darwin engaging with the concept of transmutation ... More


Spatiotemporal Extension

Michael Epperson

in Quantum Mechanics and the Philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823223190
eISBN:
9780823235551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823223190.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The history of an environmental system revolves around its components, and the conception of these local systems within a larger network comprises the spatiotemporal ... More


Reading Capital I Alchemically

in Alchemical Mercury: A Theory of Ambivalence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760324
eISBN:
9780804772877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760324.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter attempts to think about alchemy as the production of gold in the context of a larger discourse on “real” production, “real” money, and “real” consumption, and through Marx in particular. ... More


The Devil and Mr. Darwin

Keith Thomson

in Private Doubt, Public Dilemma: Religion and Science since Jefferson and Darwin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300203677
eISBN:
9780300213409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300203677.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter illustrates how from a theological perspective, Darwin's new transmutation theory had various problematic attributes. It denied the Creator's role in the diversification of life, along ... More


Intensity: Passionate Becomings of the Divine Complex

Elaine Padilla

in Divine Enjoyment: A Theology of Passion and Exuberance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823263561
eISBN:
9780823266296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263561.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter unfolds a “reality-in-process,” progressively evolving from the notion of heterogeneity from the previous chapter, into the divine movements of multipassage and transmutation, and ... More


The Advent of the Modern Fauna: On the Births and Deaths of Species, 1801–1831

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about the earliest decades of the scientific study of “transmutation,” previously called evolution, in which early evolutionists focused on the search for a natural causal ... More


Falconry as a Transmutative Art:: Dante, Frederick II, and Islam

Daniela Boccassini

in Dante and Islam

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823263868
eISBN:
9780823266302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263868.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This paper argues the hypothesis that the condition of the souls in Dante’s Purgatorio and Dante’s own journey of ascent of that transformative mountain lend themselves to be understood in terms of ... More


Evolution: Anthroposophy’s Gifts to the Environmental Movement

Dan McKanan

in Eco-Alchemy: Anthroposophy and the History and Future of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520290051
eISBN:
9780520964389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290051.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Anthroposophy, with its alchemical emphasis on the balancing of polarities, brings several gifts to the ongoing evolution of the environmental movement. These gifts include a cosmic holism that ... More


Radium and the Mutation Theory

Luis A. Campos

in Radium and the Secret of Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226238272
eISBN:
9780226238302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226238302.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines how botanical investigators in the early twentieth century used radium to induce or control biological evolution. Explicitly linking the transmutation of the physical species of ... More


The Gene Irradiated

Luis A. Campos

in Radium and the Secret of Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226238272
eISBN:
9780226238302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226238302.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Hermann J. Muller’s legendary “artificial transmutation of the gene,” and how he came to his researches through his fascination with radium. Muller argued that mutation and ... More


Transmutations and Disintegrations

Luis A. Campos

in Radium and the Secret of Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226238272
eISBN:
9780226238302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226238302.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the final chapter I explore the afterlife and persistence of radioactive residues in Muller’s later work, in that of his contemporaries, and in the larger context of the study of heredity in the ... More


Promethean Ambitions: Alchemy and the Quest to Perfect Nature

William R. Newman

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577128
eISBN:
9780226577135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577135.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In this book, the author uses alchemy to investigate the thinning boundary between the natural and the artificial. Focusing primarily on the period between 1200 and 1700, he examines the labors of ... More


Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Species Change

in The Meaning of Evolution: The Morphological Construction and Ideological Reconstruction of Darwin's Theory

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226712024
eISBN:
9780226712055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226712055.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the early discussions on embryological recapitulation and species evolution and Charles Darwin's views regarding them. From ancient time to the beginning of the nineteenth ... More


The Alchemist in Literature: From Dante to the Present

Theodore Ziolkowski

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198746836
eISBN:
9780191809187
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746836.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Mythology and Folklore

This book traces the figure of the alchemist in Western literature from its first appearance in Dante down to the present. From the beginning alchemy has had two aspects: exoteric or operative (the ... More


Artificial Life and the Homunculus

in Promethean Ambitions: Alchemy and the Quest to Perfect Nature

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577128
eISBN:
9780226577135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577135.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses artificial life and the homunculus. The vast literature focusing on alchemy in the debate on art and nature often draws on the spontaneous generation of animals for examples ... More


Some Consequences of the Renormalisation Group

Laurent Baulieu, John Iliopoulos, and Roland Sénéor

in From Classical to Quantum Fields

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198788393
eISBN:
9780191830310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788393.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The use of the renormalisation group and the Callan–Symanzik equations in the study of the asymptotic behaviour of Green functions. The stability properties of a Lagrangian field theory. The ... More


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