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Natural selection in closed asexual populations

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The mechanism of evolutionary change can be studied directly through selection experiments in laboratory microcosms. This chapter begins by describing the experimental approach to evolution, and goes ... More


Non‐Transitive Identity

Graham Priest

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defines a notion of identity in the second-order paraconsistent logic LP. The notion does not have the properties of transitivity or substitutivity, but these may be regained in ... More


Semantic alignment systems: what's what, and what's not

Mark Donohue

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Semantic alignment involves a split in the coding of Ss according to the verb's lexical semantics, and is related to the fact that most languages have more than one way to code the arguments of ... More


Voice and transitivity in Guaraní

Maura Velázquez‐castillo

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter shows that the closest equivalents to voice alternations in Guarani cut across the transitive divide and respond to spatial relations between events and event participants. The ... More


Introduction

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces some key concepts, including prudence and justice and the relations between them, and gives an overview of the book. It also provides an account of the methodology employed. ... More


Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Larry S. Temkin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

In choosing between moral alternatives—choosing between various forms of ethical action—we typically make calculations of the following kind: A is better than B; B is better than C; therefore A is ... More


The Method of Majority Decision and Rationality Conditions *

Satish K. Jain

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter extends the earlier work on domain conditions for social rationality under the method of majority decision (MMD) by deriving Inada-type necessary and sufficient conditions for ... More


Introduction

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to illuminate some of the key assumptions to which many are firmly committed regarding the nature of the good, moral ideals, ... More


Spectrum Arguments: Objections and Replies

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Chapters 2 through 5 presented various Spectrum Arguments which revealed an inconsistency between certain standard views regarding how to make trade-offs between different alternatives along a ... More


On the Nature of Moral Ideals: Part I

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

A fundamentally important question for practical reasoning is how best to understand the goodness of outcomes and the nature of moral ideals: Is the Internal Aspects View correct, is the Essentially ... More


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