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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Basic Determinants of Reform Strategies

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter introduces the second part of the book, which focuses on the political economy of agricultural transition. It introduces the basic concepts to be used in the analysis: initial ... More


External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Lance Taylor (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Reports on the effects of the fundamental economic policy shift in transition and developing countries after the mid‐1980s. Since that time, the “external liberalization” of international trade and ... More


*THE ‘SLICING’ METHOD

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter presents a self-contained account of the slicing method that allows the exhibition of a lower bound for high-dimensional problems through their one-dimensional sections. After computing ... More


Institutions in Transition: Land Ownership, Property Rights and Social Conflict in China

Peter Ho

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280698
eISBN:
9780191602528
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928069X.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Studying institutional change regardless of whether it is focused on transitional or developing economies, may prove most fruitful when focused on its structuring of the means of production—land, ... More


Learning to be Capitalists: Entrepreneurs in Vietnam's Transition Economy

Annette Miae Kim

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369397
eISBN:
9780199871032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369397.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Why have some countries been able to escape the usual dead end of international development efforts and build explosively growing capitalist economies? Based on years of fieldwork, this book provides ... More


The Economics of Post-Communist Transition

Olivier Blanchard

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293996
eISBN:
9780191595998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293992.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Transition in Central and Eastern Europe has led to a U‐shaped response of output, that is, a sharp decline in output followed by recovery. Six years after the beginning of transition, most of the ... More


Chapter 2

Georgina Waylen

in Engendering Transitions: Women's Mobilization, Institutions and Gender Outcomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248032
eISBN:
9780191714894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248032.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The first substantive part of the book examines women's organizing during different stages of transitions to democracy. As the starting point of the analysis, it explores how women mobilize, under ... More


STRING THEORY AND GAUGE THEORY

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the relationship between gauge theories and topological strings. A precise correspondence between string theory and gauge theory was formulated by 't Hooft (1974), who used as a ... More


Levels of Selection and the Major Evolutionary Transitions

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter looks at the ‘major evolutionary transitions’, in particular the idea that multi-level selection theory is crucial for understanding them. These transitions occur when a number of ... More


Justice, Politics, and Memory in the Spanish Transition

Paloma Aguilar

in The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240906
eISBN:
9780191598869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240906.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In all processes of political change the emerging regime must face the difficult task of deciding what to do with the legacies of the former dictatorship, which people were working for the previous ... More


Economics of Time

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines issues related to the economics of time. It explains that in addition to its application in the calculation of interest rate or the price for the use of money for a period of ... More


Extending the Sample?

Mark J. Joe

in Political Determinants of Corporate Governance: Political Context, Corporate Impact

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205301
eISBN:
9780191695612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205301.003.0015
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Business History

Other nations are emerging from economic under-development. For now, those nations don't have a substantial demand for large public firms. Private financing, bank financing, and retained earnings can ... More


The Quality of Corporate Law and its Limits

Mark J. Joe

in Political Determinants of Corporate Governance: Political Context, Corporate Impact

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205301
eISBN:
9780191695612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205301.003.0027
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Business History

This chapter demonstrates why the data indicates that the quality-of-corporate-law argument, although it explains transition economies nicely, is over-stated for several of the world's richest ... More


Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577224
eISBN:
9780191722943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Phase transitions and critical phenomena have consistently been among the principal subjects of active studies in statistical physics. The simple act of transforming one state of matter or phase into ... More


Energy Conversions:: Growth and Innovation

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Our civilization is based on massive consumption of fossil fuels. This chapter begins by examining technical advances of energy industries, before turning to energy transitions and the process of ... More


Transitions, Transformations, and Reproduction: Dynamics in Socio‐Technical Systems

Frank W. Geels and René Kemp

in Flexibility and Stability in the Innovating Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290475
eISBN:
9780191603495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290474.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter explores innovating and technological transformation in terms of competing socio-technical systems which evolve over long time periods. It examines changes in functional systems both ... More


Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Milada Anna Vachudova

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The quality of political competition at the moment of transition explains the divergence in the domestic trajectories of East European states, steering Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic towards ... More


Conclusions

Georgina Waylen

in Engendering Transitions: Women's Mobilization, Institutions and Gender Outcomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248032
eISBN:
9780191714894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248032.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The conclusion gives an overview of how the changes in citizenship, participation and policymaking that have been part of transitions to democracy are gendered and lays out the circumstances under ... More


The Russian Mafia: Private Protection in a New Market Economy

Federico Varese

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297369
eISBN:
9780191600272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829736X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This book researches the question of what the Russian Mafia is, and challenges widely held views of its nature. It charts the emergence of the Russian Mafia in the context of the transition to the ... More


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