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 Getting Locked In

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter uses the Prisoner's Dilemma as the linking idea in an overview of many of the topics covered later in the book. The basic ideas are that of a dominated strategy and a Pareto-efficient ... More


The Commons and Fair Division

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter looks at self-interest and group welfare in society. It introduces Schelling's view of a social contract to restrict self-interest from overcoming the general good, which is followed by ... More


A Shadowy and Evolving Tragedy

Stephen M. Gardiner

in A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195379440
eISBN:
9780199897100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379440.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter continues the investigation of the global storm. The chapter asks the question: if the optimistic analysis fails for climate change, what are the alternatives? The chapter especially ... More


Voter Democracy: Fend for Yourself

Frank Hendriks

in Vital Democracy: A Theory of Democracy in Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572786
eISBN:
9780191722370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572786.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

In voter democracy the citizens are king, particularly as preference indicators in directly aggregative procedures – as citizens who raise hands on matters in town meetings, make choices between ... More


The Tragedy of the Commons

Jean‐Marie Baland and Jean‐Philippe Platteau

in Halting Degradation of Natural Resources: Is There a Role for Rural Communities?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198290612
eISBN:
9780191601613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290616.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the ‘tragedy of the commons’, which attributes the inefficiency in managing natural resources to the absence of well-defined property rights and the regime of open access that ... More


The Unregulated Common Property: The Prisoner's Dilemma Revisited

Jean‐Marie Baland and Jean‐Philippe Platteau

in Halting Degradation of Natural Resources: Is There a Role for Rural Communities?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198290612
eISBN:
9780191601613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290616.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the pessimistic view implied by the ‘tragedy of commons’, that uncoordinated human behaviour leads to the destruction of the commons. It identifies the limitations of Ronald ... More


Antimicrobial Resistance

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Antimicrobial resistance is growing at an alarming rate: reports of extensive multiple-drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB and MDR-TB) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are but ... More


Engaging with Impossibilities and Possibilities †

Elinor Ostrom

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2: Society, Institutions, and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239979
eISBN:
9780191716874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0029
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Upon thinking deeply about Kenneth Arrow's ‘Impossibility Theorem’, Amartya Sen advises scholars not to despair, but to engage seriously the impossibility result so that we understand it better and ... More


Naming the Tragedy

Eric T. Freyfogle

in A Good That Transcends: How US Culture Undermines Environmental Reform

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226326085
eISBN:
9780226326252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226326252.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Garrett Hardin’s classic work on the tragedy of the commons can stand as a kind of Rorschach test, given the widely varied ways people interpret it based on the values and presumptions they bring to ... More


The Privatizing State: The Pioneers and the Closing of the Legal Commons

Dana D. Nelson

in Commons Democracy: Reading the Politics of Participation in the Early United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823268382
eISBN:
9780823272525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268382.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Chapter 3 studies Cooper’s early novel The Pioneers (1826). So familiarly analyzed by the myth and symbol critics as an account of the conflict between “nature and civilization,” and by environmental ... More


A Perfect Moral Storm

Stephen M. Gardiner

in A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195379440
eISBN:
9780199897100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379440.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides a detailed introduction to the metaphor of the perfect moral storm and its application to climate change. It sketches each of the main elements of the storm ‐ its global, ... More


Introduction

D. G. Webster

in Beyond the Tragedy in Global Fisheries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029551
eISBN:
9780262329972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029551.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

After a brief overview of the state of global fisheries, this chapter introduces the concept of responsive governance and describes the AC/SC framework, which is used to guide the historical analysis ... More


Democracy and the Commons

Steven Vogel

in Thinking like a Mall: Environmental Philosophy after the End of Nature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029100
eISBN:
9780262326988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029100.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The collective action problem Hardin named the tragedy of the commons is another version of the phenomenon that Marx called alienation. The aggregated effect of the individual actions of myriad ... More


The Intangible Hand in Practice

Geoffrey Brennan and Philip Pettit

in The Economy of Esteem: An Essay on Civil and Political Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199246489
eISBN:
9780191601460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246483.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The intangible hand is distinguished by the way in which it gives rise to social norms, where these are distinct from the laws that the polity coercively supports and the regularities that emerge ... More


Deliberation and Dialogue and Commons Theory

Roger A. Lohmann

in Resolving Community Conflicts and Problems: Public Deliberation and Sustained Dialogue

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151689
eISBN:
9780231525282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151689.003.0014
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter critiques the concept of the tragedy of the commons to set the stage for discussing the commons theory of association. The tragedy of the commons denotes a situation where individuals ... More


Framing a New Moral Economy

Rajshree Chandra

in The Cunning of Rights: Law, Life, Biocultures

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199459766
eISBN:
9780199086542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199459766.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Chapter 3 takes the making of the law a step further and asks: From where does law derive its authority or the legitimacy to speak? What legitimizes the formalization of law in the terms described in ... More


Sustainability and the Psychologically Literate Citizen: A New Zealand Perspective

Niki Harré, Taciano L. Milfont, William Helton, and Andrea Mead

in The Psychologically Literate Citizen: Foundations and Global Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794942
eISBN:
9780199914500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794942.003.0057
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The current ecological crisis is of enormous relevance to psychology teaching, as it is essentially a problem of human behaviour. Despite this, psychology has been slow to contribute. As a result, ... More


The Economic Classification of Spectrum and the Commons Debate

Rohit Prasad and V. Sridhar

in The Dynamics of Spectrum Management: Legacy, Technology, and Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198099789
eISBN:
9780199083060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099789.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter places spectrum in the four-fold classification of economic goods—private goods, commons goods, toll goods, and pure public goods. It identifies spectrum as a toll good and examines ... More


The Western Range Goes Global: Neo-Malthusianism and Pastoral Development

Nathan F. Sayre

in The Politics of Scale: A History of Rangeland Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226083117
eISBN:
9780226083391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226083391.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Range science was the only institutionalized science dedicated to rangelands when international pastoral development programs began following World War II. The concept of carrying capacity lay at the ... More


Betraying the Future

Stephen M. Gardiner

in Debating Climate Ethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199996476
eISBN:
9780190614775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199996476.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that ethics plays a fundamental role in climate policy for three reasons. First, we need ethical concepts to identify the relevant problem, otherwise we risk violating ... More


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