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Progress for the Poor

Lane Kenworthy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

One of the principal goals of antipoverty efforts should be to improve the absolute living standards of the least well-off. This book aims to enhance our understanding of how to do that, drawing on ... More


Tradeoffs?

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

If we commit to improvement in the absolute living standards of the least well-off, must we sacrifice other desirable outcomes? The comparative empirical evidence suggests not.


Chapter Chapter Understanding and Allocating Investment Risks in a Hybrid Pension Plan

Peter Albrecht, Joachim Coche, Raimond Maurer, and Ralph Rogalla

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter analyzes pension plan costs and investment strategies in the context of alternative hybrid pension plans, which are optimal either from the perspective of the plan sponsor or the ... More


Mothers' Choices: Staying the Course, Opting Out, or Dropping Down

Mary Ann Mason and Eve Mason Ekman

in Mothers on the Fast Track: How a New Generation Can Balance Family and Careers

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195182675
eISBN:
9780199944019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182675.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Almost all mothers consider, at least briefly, whether they can handle both a challenging career and a young family. Roughly half of women who begin a fast-track job will stay the course, but a ... More


Repaying Darwin’s Debt to Agriculture

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book proposes new approaches to improving agriculture based on the principles of evolutionary biology and natural selection. It argues that two popular approaches to improving agriculture, ... More


Darwinian Agriculture’s Three Core Principles

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces the three core principles of Darwinian agriculture. First, natural selection is fast enough, and has been improving plants and animals for long enough, that it has left few ... More


What Won’t Work: Tradeof-Blind Biotechnology

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the challenge of improving crop resource-use efficiency using biotechnology or traditional plant breeding. It argues that some of biotechnology's stated goals, such as more ... More


What Has Worked: ImproviNg Cooperation within Species

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses approaches that have worked in the past in improving cooperation within species. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, with evolutionary biology at the center, it argues that we ... More


What Could Work Better: Cooperation betwen Two Species

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines cooperation between two species and how cooperation among related individuals of one species can also help maintain cooperation between species. It presents some examples of ... More


Diversity, Bet-hedging, and Selection among Ideas

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes the book's main conclusions and cautions against exclusive reliance on any single approach. The book's central thesis is that nature's wisdom is found primarily in ... More


Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

David M Wilkinson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book raises and attempts to answer the following thought experiment: ‘For any planet with carbon-based life, which persists over geological time-scales, what is the minimum set of ecological ... More


Design Tradeoffs

Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes some of the design tradeoffs arising from the interaction between synthetic circuits and the host organism. It first considers the effects of competition for shared cellular ... More


Scope

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter focuses on scope conditions in qualitative and quantitative research. It begins with a simple example, Hooke's law from physics, to illustrate the concept of “scope.” It then considers ... More


Two-Choice Reaction Times: Basic Ideas and Data

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter begins with a discussion of choice-reaction times and simple-reaction times. It then discusses a conceptual scheme for tradeoffs, discriminability and accuracy, speed-accuracy tradeoff, ... More


Tradeoffs and biodiversity

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Tradeoffs are a fundamental aspect of biodiversity as they prevent a few species from monopolizing the planet. Well-known ecological concepts, such as the niche, only make sense in the context of ... More


 Wage Compression and the Unemployment Crisis: Labor Market Institutions, Skills, and Inequality‐Unemployment Tradeoffs

David R. Howell and Friedrich Huebler

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

At the core of the orthodox view is the belief that policy makers face an ineluctable choice between employment and equality. With data from the OECD for the major affluent OECD countries, empirical ... More


The Tradeoffs

Jacob N. Shapiro

in The Terrorist's Dilemma: Managing Violent Covert Organizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157214
eISBN:
9781400848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157214.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter begins with a discussion of how the covert nature of terrorism inevitably creates opportunities for operatives to expropriate organizational resources for their own purposes, leading to ... More


Setting Objectives, Facing Trade-Offs

Gary S. Fields

in Working Hard, Working Poor: A Global Journey

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794645
eISBN:
9780199928606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794645.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This chapter makes six points. First, policy makers have identified four key labor market policy objectives—create more jobs, raise the earnings of those working, increase social protection, and ... More


Pioneering Peer-to-Peer and Other Disruptive Dual-Use Technologies

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter examines dual-use technologies such as the VCR, computer, CD burner, iPod, TiVo, and peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing. It discusses the case of Sony Corporation of America v. Universal ... More


Family Fertility

C. Y. Cyrus Chu and Ruoh‐Rong Yu

in Understanding Chinese Families: A Comparative Study of Taiwan and Southeast China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578092
eISBN:
9780191722424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578092.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter studies various aspects of family fertility in Taiwan and China, including the age of marriage, the duration from marriage to the first birth, mandatory vs. voluntary family planning, ... More


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