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Introducing the Key Questions

Joseph E. Stiglitz, José Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Deepak Nayyar

in Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199288144
eISBN:
9780191603884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288143.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter introduces the book and lays out the key questions of macroeconomic policy. Economists differ greatly in their views and policy prescriptions. All economic policies, though, have ... More


Objectives

Joseph E. Stiglitz, José Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Deepak Nayyar

in Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199288144
eISBN:
9780191603884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288143.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter begins with the idea that at the most general level, the goal of economic policy is to maximize long-term societal well-being in an equitable and sustainable manner. It addresses in ... More


Evolution of morphological defences

Frank Johansson and Dirk Johannes Mikolajewski

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Understanding the ecology and evolution of morphological defences in animals and plants may help us to understand and protect biodiversity. Several species of dragonfly larvae express lateral and ... More


More Modules

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers four-species modules and the role of generalism (effectively a three-species module with a consumer feeding on two resources). It first examines how generalists affect the ... More


Nutritional physiology and ecology

Steven L. Chown and Sue W. Nicolson

in Insect Physiological Ecology: Mechanisms and Patterns

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515494
eISBN:
9780191705649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515494.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Nutritional ecology covers the behavioural, physiological, and ecological aspects of nutrition. As in many areas of insect physiology, most information is available for caterpillars and locusts, ... More


Biosimplicity via stoichiometry: the evolution of food-web structure and processes

James J. Elser and Dag O. Hessen

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Food webs are among the most complex entities under study in modern biology. But what if major features of their structure and dynamics were the product of a relatively few simple rules? This chapter ... More


Competition and the Role of Dominant Ants

Catherine L. Parr and Heloise Gibb

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Competition occurs when different species or individuals require the same limiting resources. It can occur within colonies for reproductive rights, between colonies of the same species (intraspecific ... More


Synthesis and Perspectives

Lori Lach, Catherine L. Parr, and Kirsti L. Abbott

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

With their diverse morphological specializations, extensive behavioural repertoire, and ability to inhabit a variety of environments, ants are model organisms for testing ecological theory and ... More


Endangered species management: the US experience

David S. Wilcove

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, David Wilcove focuses on endangered species management, emphasizing the United States of America (US) experience. Endangered species conservation has three phases: identification, ... More


Equal Voice and the Dilemmas of Democracy

Kay Lehman Schlozman, Sidney Verba, and Henry E. Brady

in The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154848
eISBN:
9781400841912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154848.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter demonstrates how the United States deviates from the ideal of equal voice. It is based on the premise that equal consideration of the interests and preferences of all citizens is an ... More


Aggregation and Problems about Trade-offs: Many-Person Spectrum Arguments

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by presenting a general schema of aggregation. It then presents several Standard Views about trade-offs between quality and number, focusing on cases where the trade-offs involve ... More


A “New” Principle of Aggregation

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter further explores problems about trade-offs by examining a “new” principle of aggregation: the Disperse Additional Burdens View—short for the more cumbersome Disperse Additional Burdens ... More


On the Separateness of Individuals, Compensation, and Aggregation within Lives

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Chapters 2 and 3 dealt with aggregation and problems about trade-offs between lives. This chapter argues that similar issues arise regarding aggregation and trade-offs within lives. Intrapersonal ... More


Aggregation and Problems about Trade-offs within Lives: Single-Person Spectrum Arguments

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 4 argued that we should reject Sidgwick's conception of individual self-interest because it assumes a simple additive-aggregationist approach for assessing the overall value of a life. ... More


Spectrum Arguments: Objections and Replies

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Chapters 2 through 5 presented various Spectrum Arguments which revealed an inconsistency between certain standard views regarding how to make trade-offs between different alternatives along a ... More


Optimization

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter demonstrates how a universal requirement for optimality leads to the complex structural organization of a network. It discusses a long-lasting criticism of the preferential concept and ... More


Clarifications and Responses to Objections

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter responds to a variety of objections, including the following: that the account is not really consequentialist; that it gives too much priority to states as the guarantors of human ... More


The Value of Life

W. Kip Viscusi

in Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Individual trade‐offs between risk and money provide the economic basis for assigning a value of life to the benefits of mortality risk reduction associated with government policies. Compensating ... More


Risk–Risk Analysis

W. Kip Viscusi

in Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Regulatory policies create a variety of risk–risk trade‐offs. People may engage in more risk‐taking behaviour in response to regulations that reduce the risks of their behaviour, as seatbelt use may ... More


Child Labor: A Normative Perspective

Debra Satz

in Why Some Things Should Not Be for Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195311594
eISBN:
9780199870714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311594.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores the normative issues posed by child labor. The first section briefly considers the conceptual problems of defining who is a child for the purposes of identifying child labor. ... More


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