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A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

With the opening of sea routes in the 15th century, groups of men and women left Portugal to establish themselves across the ports and cities of the Atlantic or Ocean Sea. They were refugees and ... More


Rulers, Warriors, Traders, Clerics: The Central Sahel and the North Sea, 800-1500

Anne Haour

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264119
eISBN:
9780191734694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264119.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

What do we learn if we look in parallel at the past of two distinct parts of the world? This book weighs this question by considering both the central Sahel of West Africa and the European countries ... More


A Vast Machine: The Nation’s Atlantic Trading Networks

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter shows how the commercial and financial networks of the Portuguese Nation provided the organizational framework for both its expansion across the markets of the Atlantic and its growing ... More


Between Monopoly and Free Trade: The English East India Company, 1600-1757

Emily Erikson

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159065
eISBN:
9781400850334
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159065.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The English East India Company was one of the most powerful and enduring organizations in history. This book locates the source of that success in the innovative policy by which the Company's Court ... More


From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa

Sebouh DavidAslanian

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266872
eISBN:
9780520947573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266872.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Drawing on a rich trove of documents, including correspondence not seen for 300 years, this study explores the emergence and growth of a remarkable global trade network operated by Armenian silk ... More


From Trade Diasporas to Circulation Societies

Sebouh David Aslanian

in From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266872
eISBN:
9780520947573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266872.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

During the Safavid-Ottoman wars of 1603–1605, the Safavid monarch Shah 'Abbas I (r. 1587–1629) laid waste to the frontier regions of his empire, deporting up to 300,000 Armenians and others from the ... More


Conclusion: Comparative Thoughts on Julfan Armenians, Multani Indians, and Sephardic Jews

Sebouh David Aslanian

in From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266872
eISBN:
9780520947573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266872.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Most scholarship on “trade diasporas,” or long-distance mercantile communities and their networks, has tended to be insular and narrowly focused on a single community of merchants. Little work has ... More


Trust, Social Capital, and Networks: Informal and Semiformal Institutions at Work

Sebouh David Aslanian

in From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266872
eISBN:
9780520947573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266872.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on “trust” and cooperation in the Julfan trade network. It argues that the tendency to take “trust” in early modern merchant communities for granted, despite its central role in ... More


The Iberian Maritime Networks

Geoffrey C. Gunn

in History Without Borders: The Making of an Asian World Region (1000–1800)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083343
eISBN:
9789882208988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083343.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter outlines the Iberian maritime trade networks, drawing attention to the key strong points and establishments of the Portuguese and Spanish empires. In order to accept that the Southeast ... More


Ocean, Empire, Nation

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the story of the Portuguese Nation. The history of the Portuguese Nation reveals a community that made the Ocean Sea its home, and the maritime ... More


“The Power of Wickaninnish Ends Here”

Joshua L. Reid

in The Sea Is My Country: The Maritime World of the Makahs

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300209907
eISBN:
9780300213683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209907.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter opens with the 1788 encounter between Chief Tatoosh, the highest-ranked Makah titleholder at the time, and John Meares, a British maritime fur trader. Focusing on the web of regional ... More


The Nation Unraveled

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter relates the story of the Nation and the empire from the early 17th century to the restoration of the kingdom of Portugal's political sovereignty in 1640. It tracks the critiques and ... More


The Julfan Trade Network I: The World of the Indian Ocean

Sebouh David Aslanian

in From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266872
eISBN:
9780520947573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266872.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the expansion of the Julfan trade network in the Indian Ocean and the Julfan presence in Mughal India, Southeast Asia, and the little-studied Julfan community in ... More


The Julfan Trade Network II: The Mediterranean, Northwestern European, and Russian Networks

Sebouh David Aslanian

in From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266872
eISBN:
9780520947573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266872.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Western expansion made the Julfan merchant community an important bridge in the early modern period for economic and cultural encounters between the two great zones of the world economy, the ... More


“The salt in a merchant’s letter”: Business Correspondence and the Courier System

Sebouh David Aslanian

in From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266872
eISBN:
9780520947573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266872.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the glue that held the Julfan settlements and the trade network together. It considers the circulation of what was arguably the most important commodity throughout the Julfan ... More


The Control of Trade

Justin Willis

in Mombasa, the Swahili, and the Making of the Mijikenda

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203209
eISBN:
9780191675782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203209.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter describes how the government controlled trade. Government interference in the trade networks of the coast took two distinct forms. The first was through an attempt to limit participation ... More


Castle on the Plains

Douglas C. Comer

in Ritual Ground: Bent's Old Fort, World Formation, and the Annexation of the Southwest

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520204294
eISBN:
9780520918702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520204294.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the events associated with the establishment of Bent's Old Fort. It explains that the fort was established by the trading company of the Bent brothers and operated within a ... More


The Center Cannot Hold: The Decline and Collapse of the Julfan Trade Network

Sebouh David Aslanian

in From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266872
eISBN:
9780520947573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266872.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explores the decline and collapse of the Julfan trade network. It argues that the Julfan network collapsed in the decades following 1747 when the suburb was extensively looted and ... More


From Differentiated Coffee Markets toward Alternative Trade and Knowledge Networks

Roberta Jaffe and Christopher M. Bacon

in Confronting the Coffee Crisis: Fair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026338
eISBN:
9780262267526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chpater presents a case study focusing on the Community Agroecology Network (CAN), an organization started by the United States and Mesoamerica’s activists, whose effort is to create an ... More


Economic and Social Networks in Reality

Akira Namatame and Shu-Heng Chen

in Agent-Based Modeling and Network Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198708285
eISBN:
9780191779404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198708285.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 8 is concerned with economic and social networks in reality. Empirical studies of economic and social networks accumulated over the last few decades provide another impetus for work on the ... More


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