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Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

We live on a very moldy planet. Microscopic fungi blossom on every scrap of plant debris and are part of every crumb of soil. Molds can also grow in great profusion in our homes and workplaces, ... More


A Brief History of Bioterrorism

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Chapter 2 traces the history of bioterrorism in the US and eldewhere, beginning with the Rajneeshee episode in Oregon in 1985. The unsuccessful Aum Shinrikyo forays into bioterrorism in Japan in the ... More


Agents of Terror

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has defined a list of human pathogens that are of highest concern for possible use as bioweapons. These agents, most of which had been developed as ... More


Memories, Magic, & a Major Addiction

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The actions of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine influence the function of many brain regions. Within these regions, acetylcholine allows you to learn and remember, to regulate your attention and ... More


Beyond Nutrients

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter demonstrates that the conventional categorization of food components into “macronutrient,” “micronutrient,” “toxin,” “medicine,” and so on works well from a distance, but on greater ... More


Secondary defences

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Secondary defences act after predators have successfully detected and recognized prey; they seek to dissuade the predator from attacking and/or increase the likelihood of the prey surviving the ... More


Irreversible Proportional Diseases Processes: Neurobehavioral Effects of Mercury, Popcorn Workers’ Lung

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents two examples of irreversible proportional disease processes. The first example, the neurobehavioral effects of mercury, is relatively well studied, with a long and tragic ... More


Exposing Men: The Science and Politics of Male Reproduction

Cynthia R. Daniels

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195148411
eISBN:
9780199850990
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148411.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book examines how ideals of masculinity have long skewed our societal—and scientific—understanding of one of the pillars of male identity: reproductive health. Only with the recent public ... More


Death Caps and Muscle Wasters

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Few mushroom species are regarded as poisonous, but there are cases of serious illness and lethal poisoning caused by nominally edible species. These include muscle wasting, and eventual heart ... More


Normal and Defective Colour Vision

John D. Mollon, Joel Pokorny, and Ken Knoblauch (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The topic of colour vision is one that integrates research from psychology, neuroscience, biology, ophthalmology, physics, and genetics. How do we make sense of colour in the world, and how has such ... More


Ecology without Culture: Aesthetics for a Toxic World

Christine L. Marran

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781517901585
eISBN:
9781452958781
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9781517901585.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In Ecology without Culture, Christine L. Marran introduces biotropes—material and semiotic figures that exist for human perception—to navigate how and why the material world has proven to be an ... More


Back To the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

Jessica Martucci

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288031
eISBN:
9780226288178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288178.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Breastfeeding rates in America fell throughout the 1950s and 1960s before beginning to climb again in the 1970s. This work argues that the development of an ideology of natural motherhood preceded ... More


On Coerced Promises

Eric Chwang

in Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377958
eISBN:
9780199893836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377958.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is less rational to rely on a coerced promise than it is to rely either on a coerced (non-promissory) action or on a non-coerced promise. This chapter defends a two-part explanation for that ... More


Tetrodotoxin affects sodium gating current in squid giant axon

Michinori Ichikawa and Gen Matsumoto

in Cephalopod Neurobiology: Neuroscience Studies in Squid, Octopus and Cuttlefish

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547907
eISBN:
9780191724299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547907.003.0084
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Molecular rearrangements of the sodium channels associated with membrane depolarization can be electrophysiologically studied by the analysis of the single-channel records or, more directly, by ... More


Our Bodies, Our Nature: Breastfeeding, the Environment, and Feminism

Jessica L. Martucci

in Back To the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288031
eISBN:
9780226288178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288178.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the intersections between the breastfeeding movement, environmentalism, and second-wave feminism from the 1950s through the 1980s. Concern over environmental toxins was one of ... More


Moscow: Fragments of Evidence

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter identifies the evidence that helped determine the cause of the anthrax epidemic in Sverdlovsk. It first discusses the “point epidemic” or the large but temporary excess in disease ... More


The Theory of Dysfunction of the Immune System

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0026
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Fabienne Smith, a Scottish medical writer, believes that all of Charles Darwin's variform symptoms, from youth through old age, were due to a dysfunction of his immune system. However, it is believed ... More


Evolution of Insect Resistance to Transgenic Plants

Bruce E. Tabashnik and Yves Carrière

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The remarkable ability of insects to adapt quickly to toxins used to control them threatens agriculture and human health worldwide. The quantity and variety of examples of pesticide resistance also ... More


“I Think the Work Has Principal Application to Immunology”

Thomas Söderqvist

in Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jern

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094411
eISBN:
9780300128710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094411.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter shows that, by the late summer of 1949, Niels Jerne had sufficient experiments behind him to be able to choose between the univalence theory and the multivalence theory. The theoretical ... More


Incorporating Biophilic Design through Living Walls: The Decision-Making Process

Clayton Bartczak, Brian Dunbar, and Lenora Bohren

in Constructing Green: The Social Structures of Sustainability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019415
eISBN:
9780262315388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019415.003.0014
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

For the last few thousand years, people have constructed increasingly complex structures to shield themselves from the outside world. However, this seems to have come at a price to their physical and ... More


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