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The Corporation Under Siege: Social Movements, Regulation, Public Relations, and Tort Law since the Second World War

David B. Sicilia

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter examines the experiences of three US industries — chemical manufacturing, tobacco, and nuclear power — that came under political, legal, and rhetorical attack following World War II, and ... More


WHO—coordinating international tobacco control

Raman Minhas and Douglas Bettcher

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0043
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The international public health community, led by the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as other governmental and non-governmental institutions, remain committed to the containment of the ... More


Globalization and Tobacco

Derek Yach, Heather Wipfli, Ross Hammond, and Stanton Glantz

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the evolving economic and social system sustaining the growing tobacco epidemic in order to identify how globalization is affecting the industry, governments, and tobacco control ... More


Systematic Gradualism: Harm Reduction, Public Health, and the Industry, 1950s–1971

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter traces the history of what Sir Peter Froggatt, Chair of the Independent Scientific Committee on Smoking and Health, writing in the 1980s, called the strategy of ‘systematic gradualism’.. ... More


In their own words: an epoch of deceit and deception

Channing Robertson and Richard Hurt

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the tobacco industry's efforts over the last fifty years to deceive the public against the adverse health effects of smoking and the fact that nicotine was a drug or that it ... More


Policy Networks and Issue Networks: The Politics of Smoking

Melvyn D. Read

in Policy Networks in British Government

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278528
eISBN:
9780191684210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278528.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter presents an analysis of the politics of smoking. It suggests that there is strong evidence that policy in this field is made within a producer-dominated policy community. It also ... More


Prevention and Control of Diseases Associated with Tobacco use through Law and Policy

Richard A. Daynard, Mark A. Gottlieb, Edward L. Sweda, Jr, Lissy C. Friedman, and Michael P. Eriksen

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the legal and policy interventions for preventing and controlling tobacco use. It reviews legal authorities that affect tobacco use at the federal, state, and local levels, and ... More


Roles of tobacco litigation in societal change

Richard A. Daynard

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Litigation plays at least six different roles in tobacco control. First, the most common and least dramatic role is ordinary enforcement of tobacco-control laws. Second, too frequently governments ... More


The Taste of Smoke: Bulgartabak and the Manufacturing of Cigarettes and Satisfaction

Mary Neuburger

in Communism Unwrapped: Consumption in Cold War Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199827657
eISBN:
9780199950461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827657.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

In this chapter Mary Neuburger provides a historical analysis of tobacco consumption in postwar Bulgaria, with a focus on the activities and successes of the state tobacco monopoly, Bulgartabak (BT). ... More


Tobacco under Attack: Hello, “Heritage”

Ann K. Ferrell

in Burley: Kentucky Tobacco in a New Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813142333
eISBN:
9780813142562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813142333.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Chapters 4 and 5 examine the changing political context of tobacco in Kentucky through an analysis of the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) newsletter in order to understand the rhetorical ... More


The First Surgeon General’s Report on Tobacco: Science and the State in the New Age of Chronic Disease

Allan M. Brandt

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.21
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Surgeon General's Report of 1964 marks a watershed in the history of public health. Following its publication, both the science and the practice of public health were visibly transformed. This ... More


No Smoke without Fire: Tobacco and Transformation, 1878–1914

Mary C. Neuburger

in Balkan Smoke: Tobacco and the Making of Modern Bulgaria

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450846
eISBN:
9780801465949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450846.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the social and cultural transformations that coincided with the growth of the tobacco industry in Bulgaria during the period 1878–1914. In 1892, Bulgaria was still an amalgam of ... More


Activities of the private sector

Tara Acharya, Amy C. Fuller, George A. Mensah, and Derek Yach

in Sick Societies: Responding to the global challenge of chronic disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199574407
eISBN:
9780191731204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574407.003.0104
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Part I of this chapter describes some of the activities that some food and beverage corporations routinely engage in as part of their ‘health and wellness’ strategies. Specific changes in food ... More


Smokes for Big Brother: Bulgartabak and Tobacco under Communism

Mary C. Neuburger

in Balkan Smoke: Tobacco and the Making of Modern Bulgaria

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450846
eISBN:
9780801465949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450846.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how the tobacco industry, led by the Bulgarian state tobacco monopoly Bulgartabak, fared under communism. The Bulgartabak leadership propelled the tobacco concern to a place of ... More


From Leaf to Ash: Jews, Germans, and Bulgarian Gold in the Second World War

Mary C. Neuburger

in Balkan Smoke: Tobacco and the Making of Modern Bulgaria

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450846
eISBN:
9780801465949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450846.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the repercussions of Bulgaria's trade relations with Nazi Germany for tobacco merchants. Bulgarian–German commercial partnership, in which the tobacco trade was central, ... More


Tobacco's Move from Self-Evident to Self-Conscious Tradition

Ann K. Ferrell

in Burley: Kentucky Tobacco in a New Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813142333
eISBN:
9780813142562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813142333.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Chapters 4 and 5 examine the changing political context of tobacco in Kentucky through an analysis of the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) newsletter in order to understand the rhetorical ... More


The Trade Slump

MARK MAZOWER

in Greece and the Inter-War Economic Crisis

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202059
eISBN:
9780191675126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202059.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

The period of export growth in Greece which had begun with the tobacco boom in the early 1920s ended in 1929. Two commodities — tobacco and currants — accounted for 60–70% of total exports, and the ... More


Big Tobacco Rides the Strip

Susan Chandler and Jill B. Jones

in Casino Women: Courage in Unexpected Places

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450143
eISBN:
9780801462696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450143.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter focuses on the health consequences to dealers of secondhand smoke. Smoke scared all the dealers interviewed. Tied to the gaming tables, they literally ate smoke, hour after hour, year ... More


How to Win Friends and Influence Enemies

Nitsan Chorev

in The World Health Organization between North and South

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450655
eISBN:
9780801463921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450655.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines how the World Health Organization (WHO), under the leadership of Director-General Gro Harlem Brundtland, was able to overcome the most pressing financial difficulties and regain ... More


Tobacco Road

Nathan Michael Corzine

in Team Chemistry: The History of Drugs and Alcohol in Major League Baseball

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039799
eISBN:
9780252097898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039799.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter focuses on the history of tobacco use in Major League Baseball (MLB). It begins with the story of Bill Tuttle, who chewed tobacco anywhere from ten to twelve hours a day for more than ... More


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