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The Expansion of Chinese Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Trade, 1600–1750

Carol Benedict

in Golden-Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China, 1550-2010

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520262775
eISBN:
9780520948563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262775.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chinese consumers for the most part smoked tobacco grown in China on countless small family farms spread across the empire. Processed in tiny workshops located near tobacco farms in the mountainous ... More


Bright Leaf, Bright Prospects: Making Peace With The Idea of Yellow Tobacco

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses the expansion of the bright leaf tobacco culture. By the 1840s, Caswell, Halifax, and Pittsylvania counties had an active contingent of modernizing planters' and farmers' ... More


A Barren and Fruitful Land

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter focuses on postwar bright tobacco production. Yellow tobacco offered the promise of prosperity for both farmers and capital-intensive agribusinessmen. While certain cultivation ... More


Let There Be Bright: The Birth Of Yellow Tobacco Culture

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter describes the development of bright tobacco, which became the literal lifeblood of the region's countryside and towns following the Civil War. The elements of a bright tobacco culture ... More


Stabilization

Evan P. Bennett

in When Tobacco Was King: Families, Farm Labor, and Federal Policy in the Piedmont

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780813060149
eISBN:
9780813050591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060149.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter argues that the Federal Tobacco Program provided the higher prices tobacco farm families had long sought, but failed to deliver the stability they hoped these would provide. Its primary ... More


The Decline of the Border

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses the impact of competition, monopsony, cigarettes, and erosion on bright tobacco production in the late nineteenth century. Caswell, Halifax, and Pittsylvania faced increasing ... More


On the Back of Tobacco: Sowing the Seeds of a Tobacco Culture

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses the opening of southern Virginia Piedmont and the adjoining reaches of North Carolina to Euro-American settlement, and how tobacco shaped these districts from their earliest ... More


Tobacco Goes to War

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines the impact of the Civil War on tobacco agriculture and manufacturing. While the Civil War neither doomed bright tobacco nor ensured that it would become the dominant form of ... More


Fire in the Fields: Reconstructing Labor and Land Following the Civil War

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines changes in labor relations in Caswell, Halifax, and Pittsylvania in the first few years following Emancipation. Most local African Americans first moved from slavery to some ... More


A New Deal For Old Land?

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses the Southside tobacco culture in the twentieth century. The general declining trend of the 1890s continued until the late 1920s, when tobacco markets fell into the abyss of the ... More


A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Drew A Swanson

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This book presents an “environmental” history about a crop of great historical and economic significance: American tobacco. A preferred agricultural product for much of the South, the tobacco plant ... More


How Did Such a Poor Land Make Some People so Rich, and How Did They So Quickly Become Poor Again?

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. This book tells the story of the rise of a crop culture as well as the decline of the environment that accompanied tobacco ... More


The Age of Autonomy: ‘Alawi Notables as Ottoman Tax Farmers (1667–1808)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter follows the rise to power of the Shamsins, the Bayt al-Shillif, and associated ʻAlawi families as Ottoman tax concessionaries. It shows that their position of local autonomy, rather than ... More


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