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Tissue‐Driven Hypothesis of Genomic Evolution

Xun Gu

in Statistical Theory and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199213269
eISBN:
9780191594762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213269.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Understanding the underlying regulatory mechanism is a fundamental step to exploring the emergence of genome complexity. An important issue is the role of tissue-specific factors in genomic ... More


Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Paul Nunez

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Does the brain create the mind, or is some external entity involved? In addressing this hard problem of consciousness, we face a central human challenge: what do we really know and how do we know it? ... More


Epilogue

Milena D. Bister

in Human Tissue Research: A European perspective on the ethical and legal challenges

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587551
eISBN:
9780191725630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587551.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This concluding chapter briefly highlights the main results of the preceding chapters and poses some vital questions that are still unanswered in the field of human tissue research: How can the ... More


Conclusion: 2009: The Politics of Method

Mike Savage

in Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940: The Politics of Method

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199587650
eISBN:
9780191740626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587650.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter sums up arguments about the politics of method and the key findings of this study on socio-cultural change in Great Britain during the period between 1940 and 1970. It describes the ... More


Other Floral Rewards

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines a variety of rewards that can be obtained by pollinators from flower visits, including oils, waxes, scents, and resins and gums. Fatty oils as an offering in flowers are now ... More


Confronting SARS: a view from Hong Kong

J. S. Malik Peiris and Yi Guan

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

An unusual atypical pneumonia emerged in the autumn of 2002 and winter of 2003, which was recognized as a new disease and designated Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). A novel coronavirus ... More


Estimating Aboveground Net Primary Productivity in Forest-Dominated Ecosystems

Brian D. Kloeppel, Mark E. Harmon, and Timothy J. Fahey

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the measurement of aboveground live biomass increment and tissue mortality in forest ecosystems. Standardized approaches for quantifying wood production, tree mortality, and ... More


Choosing One for the Sake of Another

Stephen Wilkinson

in Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter starts by evaluating the Cost of Care Argument. This is a further argument against selecting for disability, one that (unlike those considered in Chapter 3) relies not on appeals to the ... More


Symport/antiport

Pierluigi Frisco

in Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter presents one of the most studied models of membrane systems: P systems with symport/antiport. Their simple and elegant method of operation has caught the interest of many researchers and ... More


Analysis of DNA methylation in cancer

Fabian Model, Jörn Lewin, Catherine Lofton-Day, and Gunter Weiss

in Statistics and Informatics in Molecular Cancer Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199532872
eISBN:
9780191714467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532872.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This chapter gives an overview of algorithms and statistical methods used for measuring and analyzing DNA methylation in cancer research. It starts with a short introduction into the biology of DNA ... More


Broca's Region

Yosef Grodzinsky and Katrin Amunts (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Broca's region has been in the news ever since scientists realized that particular cognitive functions could be localized to parts of the cerebral cortex. Its discoverer, Paul Broca, was one of the ... More


Counting in situ hybridized neurons

Bente Finsen, Rikke Gregersen, Elin Lehrmann, Steen Lovmand, and Mark J. West

in Quantitative Methods in Neuroscience: A Neuroanatomical Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198505280
eISBN:
9780191723766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505280.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses in situ hybridization. Topics covered include the principles of hybridization, visualization of single cells with AP-conjugated oligonucleotide probes, sensitivity of alkaline ... More


Bone and soft tissue tumours

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0018
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses tumours and malignancies occurring in the bones and soft tissues. These are common in children and rare in adults. Bone and soft tissue tumours may occur at any age; however, ... More


Biological tissue

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov

in Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Biological tissue: The elastic properties of biological tissue show much greater contrast than their optical properties. Cells can be imaged in an aqueous medium, so that the ... More


Electric Fields and Currents in Biological Tissue

Paul L. Nunez and Ramesh Srinivasan

in Electric Fields of the Brain: The neurophysics of EEG

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195050387
eISBN:
9780199865673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195050387.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter continues the physical principles of Chapter 3 in the context of biological tissue. Electrophysiology spans about five orders of magnitude of spatial scale, ranging from the ... More


The Schwann cell: Morphology and development

NAOMI KLEITMAN and RICHARD P. BUNGE

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes the sequential phenomena observed during the development of the peripheral nerve, with emphasis on the Schwann cell. It presents research elucidating the mechanisms by which ... More


Cytokine Production

Francesca Aloisi

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses recent research on cytokines that are produced by and/or act on glial cells, focusing on those involved in the regulation of inflammatory, immune, and tissue repair processes. ... More


Transplantation of neuronal and non-neuronal cells into the brain

Håkan Widner

in Immune and Inflammatory Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509806
eISBN:
9780191724596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509806.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter examines the factors that must be considered in the transplantation of neuronal and non-neuronal tissue into the brain parenchyma for repair and neuroprotective purposes. It discusses ... More


Obesity, Trace Metals, and Infection

Jerome O. Nriagu

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Trace metals are required in small quantities for a wide array of metabolic functions in the body. In terms of obesity, they can enhance insulin action through activating insulin receptor sites, ... More


Science’s Cinematic Method: Motion Pictures and Scientific Research

Scott Curtis

in The Shape of Spectatorship: Art, Science, and Early Cinema in Germany

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231134033
eISBN:
9780231508636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231134033.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter One examines use of film as a scientific research tool in three fields (human motion studies, physics, biology) in Germany from the 1880s to 1914. It argues that there is a close relationship ... More


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