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The Role of Science and Scientists in Changing Forest Service Management Relative to Sustainability

Jack Ward Thomas and James A. Burchfield

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the development of the concept of sustainability as applied to the management of the national forests in the United States. It traces the development and application of ... More


Protected Areas: Science, Policy, and Management to Meet the Challenges of Global Change in the Twenty-First Century

Kenton R. Miller and Charles Victor Barber

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter argues that while about 12% of the world's land surface area (about 17 million km2) has been officially “protected”, the challenge of the 21st century is to make these protected areas ... More


Deserter Country: Civil War Opposition in the Pennsylvania Appalachians

Robert M. Sandow

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823230518
eISBN:
9780823240845
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823230518.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

During the Civil War, there were throughout the Union explosions of resistance to the war–from the deadly Draft Riots in New York City to other, less well-known outbreaks. In this book, the author ... More


Macroeconomic Policies and Deforestation

Ropert Repetto

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Macroeconomic policies have pervasive influences on the use and conservation of forest resources in developing countries, and these can be visualized in terms of a set of concentric circles. At the ... More


Anglo-Saxon buildings: form, function, and social space

Helena Hamerow

in Rural Settlements and Society in Anglo-Saxon England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199203253
eISBN:
9780191741760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203253.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter considers the origins of the early Anglo-Saxon timber building tradition, concluding that while its links with the other side of the North Sea are clear, those with late Roman Britain ... More


Forestry on Public Lands from the Medieval to the Modern Era

Anthony Scott

in The Evolution of Resource Property Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198286035
eISBN:
9780191718410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286035.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter examines the origins of the tenures in American and Canadian public forests. They began with the licenses on English Crown forests, the medieval monarch's personal property. On such ... More


Costs

DAVID HARRISON

in The Bridges of Medieval England: Transport and Society 400-1800

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226856
eISBN:
9780191709760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226856.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The building, rebuilding, repair, and maintenance of the network of bridges in medieval England was a huge task. Aside from large labour forces, enormous quantities of stone, timber, lime, chalk, ... More


Challenges, Options, Sources

DAVID HARRISON

in The Bridges of Medieval England: Transport and Society 400-1800

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226856
eISBN:
9780191709760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226856.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter looks at the challenges involved in maintaining bridges in medieval England, as well as options and sources for their design and construction. Floods often destroyed bridges during this ... More


Early Solutions: Timber Deck Bridges and Causeways

DAVID HARRISON

in The Bridges of Medieval England: Transport and Society 400-1800

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226856
eISBN:
9780191709760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226856.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter looks at timber deck bridges and causeways built by the Romans in England during the medieval period. Remains of timber bridges of the type depicted on Trajan's column were found at ... More


The Golden Age of Stone Bridges: From the Late Middle Ages to the Nineteenth Century

DAVID HARRISON

in The Bridges of Medieval England: Transport and Society 400-1800

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226856
eISBN:
9780191709760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226856.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter looks at the golden age of stone bridges from the late middle ages to the 19th century. In the early 16th century, the most striking characteristic of major bridges was that most were ... More


Unsustainable Yield: American Foresters and Tropical Timber Resources

Richard P. Tucker

in Insatiable Appetite: The United States and the Ecological Degradation of the Tropical World

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220874
eISBN:
9780520923812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220874.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the timber industry and the various timber resources. It starts with the exploitation of tropical timber during the twentieth century, which was mainly due to the expansion of ... More


Forests in Assam: Merchant Trade to Imperial Economy

Arupjyoti Saikia

in Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

Commercial exploitation of the forests products became the predominant agenda of the colonial forest policy during the 1870s. During this period, forestry was seen as profit-generating machine where ... More


Livelihood Practices and Dynamics of Forest Conservation

Arupjyoti Saikia

in Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.003.0008
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the formative years of the Assam Forest Department, forest management and implementation of forest laws often collided with the livelihood practices of the people and the natives. As a result, ... More


Economy

S. A. Mileson

in Parks in Medieval England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565672
eISBN:
9780191721748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565672.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines the evidence for the economic exploitation of parks and provides an assessment of its significance. By contrast with the many studies which emphasize the importance of the ... More


Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.001.0001
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This collection provides a tribute to the career of maritime historian Yrjö Kaukiainen, composed upon his retirement from the University of Helsinki. It collects seventeen of his maritime essays ... More


Ralph Earle and Russia

Peter Earle

in The Earles of Liverpool: A Georgian Merchant Dynasty

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381731
eISBN:
9781781382301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381731.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Ralph, the eldest of the three Earle brothers, was a timber merchant and his activities can be traced through shipping records and notices in the Liverpool paper. Most of his trade was with Russia, ... More


Wars of Plunder: Conflicts, Profits and the Politics of Resources

Philippe Le Billon

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199333462
eISBN:
9780190235673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333462.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

From Angola to Iraq, wars have taken place in resource rich countries full of poor people. Wars of Plunder explores the interplay of natural resources and armed conflicts, and what the international ... More


Violations and Penalties

Bina Agarwal

in Gender and Green Governance: The Political Economy of Women's Presence Within and Beyond Community Forestry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569687
eISBN:
9780191721847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569687.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

A study of rule violations signals how well an institution is functioning, whether the community is cooperating to protect the forest, and to what extent those in neighboring communities have ... More


Insatiable Appetite: The United States and the Ecological Degradation of the Tropical World

Richard Tucker

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220874
eISBN:
9780520923812
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220874.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the late 1800s American entrepreneurs became participants in the 400-year history of European economic and ecological hegemony in the tropics. Beginning as buyers in the tropical ports of the ... More


Trees as Historic Landscapes: from Wallace's Oak to Reforesting Scotland*

T. C. Smout

in Exploring Environmental History: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635139
eISBN:
9780748651375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635139.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter sketches, in a Scottish context, the relationship between trees and our sense of landscape, especially of historic or cultural landscape. Trees have always been many things to many ... More


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