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Hong Kong and the Cold War: Anglo-American Relations 1949-1957

Chi-kwan Mark

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199273706
eISBN:
9780191706240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273706.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

After 1949, the British Empire in Hong Kong was more vulnerable than the lack of Chinese demand for return and the success of Hong Kong's economic transformations might have suggested. Its ... More


The Shield and the Cloak: The Security of the Commons

Gary Hart

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306163
eISBN:
9780199850693
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306163.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book outlines the fundamental changes with which America must grapple when confronting a terrorist threat that has no state and no geographic home base and thus offers no genuine target for the ... More


The Union of Westminster and Edinburgh Parliaments, 1707

Iain Mclean and Alistair McMillan

in State of the Union

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199258208
eISBN:
9780191603334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258201.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The motives of the pro- and anti-Union forces in Scotland in the years leading to 1707 are analysed. It is shown that they were mixed, but that trade, security, and material interests all played a ... More


Towards a Steady-state Welfare State?

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Seeks to draw the main implications of the previous analysis. It argues that, in recent decades, rather than being under immediate threat, the welfare state in most Western nations has been ... More


 Violence as a Force of Oppression

Ann E. Cudd

in Analyzing Oppression

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195187434
eISBN:
9780199786213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187431.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that violence is and has always been a crucial component in the origin and maintenance of oppression. It explores how violence and the threat of violence constrain the actions of ... More


Preventive War and Human Rights 1

David Luban

in Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233137
eISBN:
9780191716270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233137.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter responds to some objections to an earlier argument that proposed a theory of preventive war. This theory sought to assimilate preventive war to self-defence, but only under restricted ... More


The Patriot Game: Rhetoric and Heresthetic in the Anglo‐Irish Treaty Negotiations of 1921

Iain McLean

in Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295297
eISBN:
9780191599873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295294.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The second of two case studies of Lloyd George. Explains how he was able to enact the Irish Treaty of 1921 in three parliaments and three executives, when he controlled a majority in only one of the ... More


Individual Freedom: Constraints

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In order to show that freedom is (at least theoretically) measurable, one must show that the different kinds of constraint on freedom (physical impossibility, threats, difficulty) can be aggregated ... More


The Atlantic Community, Germany's Role, and Western Europe's Integration, 1950–1962

Geir Lundestad

in The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266685
eISBN:
9780191601057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266689.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Discusses the expansion of the cooperation established between the US and Western Europe in the period 1950–1962, and analyses the Atlantic community, Germany's role in the relationship, and Western ... More


Group Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The freedom of a group of individuals is best understood as the sum of the degrees of freedom of its individual members. G. A. Cohen has opposed this view, arguing that a group (e.g. the proletariat) ... More


The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest: Ecology, Behaviour and Conservation

Vernon Reynolds

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515463
eISBN:
9780191705656
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515463.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Chimpanzees have never been more threatened with extinction than they are today. This book focuses on one chimpanzee group, the Sonso community, living in a tropical rain forest, the Budongo Forest ... More


Implementing management for long-term sustainability

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter looks at how to implement management plans, monitor their conservation effectiveness and value for money, and ensure that they are resilient for the long term. Effective decision-making ... More


War, violence, and collective security

Andrew Hurrell

in On Global Order: Power, Values, and the Constitution of International Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233106
eISBN:
9780191716287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233106.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The idea of collective security and the drive to increase the collective element in the management of violence and insecurity have long been fundamental elements of the liberal solidarist conception ... More


Be Very Afraid: The Cultural Response to Terror, Pandemics, Environmental Devastation, Nuclear Annihilation, and Other Threats

Robert Wuthnow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730872
eISBN:
9780199777389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730872.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Be Very Afraid examines the human response to existential threats; once a matter for theology, but now looming before us in multiple forms. Nuclear weapons, pandemics, global warming; ... More


Liability and the Limits of Self‐Defense

Jeff McMahan

in Killing in War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548668
eISBN:
9780191721045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548668.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter distinguishes among a variety of morally different types of threatening individual — for example, those who are culpable, those who are excused, those who are partially excused, those ... More


The Function of Justice: Assessing Coercion

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a new account of the types of social relations that principles of justice are meant to assess. It argues that the function of justice is to limit the ways in which we may ... More


The Cosmopolitan Dimension

Erik O. Eriksen

in The Unfinished Democratization of Europe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572519
eISBN:
9780191722400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572519.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

The parameters of power politics have changed in Europe, and the EU exports the rule of law, democracy, and human rights worldwide. The threat of force is needed to ensure equal rights for all but ... More


Introduction

Robert Wuthnow

in Be Very Afraid: The Cultural Response to Terror, Pandemics, Environmental Devastation, Nuclear Annihilation, and Other Threats

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730872
eISBN:
9780199777389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730872.003.0000
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of people's responses to peril, and the need to understand both the literature — the editorials and essays, fiction, poetry, personal ... More


Perilous Times

Robert Wuthnow

in Be Very Afraid: The Cultural Response to Terror, Pandemics, Environmental Devastation, Nuclear Annihilation, and Other Threats

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730872
eISBN:
9780199777389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730872.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that peril has become manageable only to the extent that large-scale organizations are considered capable of managing it. Individuals may imagine that their chances of survival ... More


The Nuclear-Haunted Era

Robert Wuthnow

in Be Very Afraid: The Cultural Response to Terror, Pandemics, Environmental Devastation, Nuclear Annihilation, and Other Threats

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730872
eISBN:
9780199777389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730872.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on people's responses to the nuclear era. The ebb and flow of public concern has been noted by nearly all historians of the nuclear era. What is more interesting is how the ... More


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