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Thought and Reality

Michael Dummett

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207275
eISBN:
9780191708749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207275.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book sets out views about some of the deepest questions in philosophy. The fundamental question of metaphysics is: what does reality consist of? To answer this it is necessary to say what kinds ... More


In the Theater of Consciousness: The Workspace of the Mind

Bernard J. Baars

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195102659
eISBN:
9780199864126
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102659.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The study of conscious experience has seen remarkable strides in the last ten years, reflecting important technological breakthroughs and the enormous efforts of researchers. Although still embroiled ... More


How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

A. D. (Bud) Craig

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This book brings together startling evidence from neuroscience, psychology, and psychiatry to present revolutionary new insights into how our brains enable us to experience the range of sensations ... More


Introduction

Nicholas Hudson

in Samuel Johnson and Eighteenth-Century Thought

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112143
eISBN:
9780191670671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112143.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter discusses Samuel Johnson and his moral and religious thoughts. It is said that Johnson frequently took for granted that his audience understood the context within which his opinions and ... More


Mind in Action

Bede Rundle

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236917
eISBN:
9780191679414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236917.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book challenges the quasi-mechanical view of human action that is dominant in contemporary philosophy of mind. A materialist view of the mind and a causal theory of action fit together ... More


Metamind

Keith Lehrer

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248507
eISBN:
9780191681141
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248507.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The chapters in this book are unified by the thesis that freedom, rationality, social consensus, and knowledge depend on thoughts about thoughts, that is, on metamental operations. These provide for ... More


Conclusion

Grant Gillett

in Representation, Meaning, and Thought

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239932
eISBN:
9780191680045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239932.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses and summarizes the topics and concepts that have been discussed in this book. Linguistic meaning, singular thoughts, the brain, and even the behaviour of a person are some of ... More


Expressive Use

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I satisfies its expressive use in the deictic mode. It is the expressive use of any singular term to express thoughts. This requires that the speaker know the positive answer to ... More


Communicative Role

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I fulfils its communicative role in the deictic mode. It is the communicative role of any singular term to communicate thoughts. This requires that the audience know the ... More


A Case for the Psychological Reality of Language

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins with the popular “Representational Theory of the Mind” (RTM), according to which a thought involves a mental representation. It then follows Fodor in arguing for the controversial ... More


Thought and the Language Faculty

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the view that conceptual competence is part of linguistic competence is not undermined by the well-known dissociation of cognitive impairment and linguistic impairment. In ... More


Conclusion: thoughts of a palliative care user

Fiona Broughton

in Patient Participation in Palliative Care: A voice for the voiceless

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198515814
eISBN:
9780191730498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515814.003.0015
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses the views of a palliative care user. It presents her thoughts on becoming a palliative care user and provides a firsthand experience of palliative care. It is important to note ... More


Words and Images: An Essay on the Origin of Ideas

Christopher Gauker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199599462
eISBN:
9780191729225
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599462.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

At least since Locke, philosophers and psychologists have usually held that concepts arise out of sensory perceptions, thoughts are built from concepts, and language enables speakers to convey their ... More


The Problem of Double Value

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains why the author of this book doubts that we should respond affirmatively to the question with which the book began: “Are there things we should value because they are, quite ... More


Tensed Thoughts

James Higginbotham

in Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter considers the question of how tensed thoughts differ from tenseless ones, and cites certain parallels between tense in thought and tense in language, with consequences for semantic ... More


Feelings About Thoughts, Time, and Me: Awareness emerges in the anterior insular cortex

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter describes evidence that the anterior insular cortex (AIC) is activated during thoughts, and explains how cognitive feelings are generated in the model of interoceptive and homeostatic ... More


From First Movements To the Seven Cardinal Sins Evagrius

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Evagrius (4th century CE Christian) found himself as desert hermit assailed by the eight involuntary bad thoughts of gluttony, lust, avarice, distress, anger boredom (akêdia), vanity (concern with ... More


First Movements In Augustine: Adaptation and Misunderstanding

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Augustine agreed that sin starts when we enjoy or prolong bad thoughts, and concluded that we need to seek forgiveness by saying the Lord's Prayer every day. He was against the view he ascribed to ... More


Working Memory Capacity: Self-control Is (in) the Goal

James M. Broadway, Thomas S. Redick, and Randall W. Engle

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Self-control is defined in relation to current goals of an organism. Working memory capacity (WMC) is defined as a cognitive system for maintaining access to goal representations as needed. ... More


Material Symbols

Andy Clark

in Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195333213
eISBN:
9780199868858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333213.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Language can be viewed as a form of mind-transforming cognitive scaffolding: a persisting, though never stationary, symbolic edifice whose critical role in promoting thought and reason remains ... More


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