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Aristotle on the Principles of Change in Physics I

David Bostock

in Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay is a commentary on Physics I, with special reference to the account of change in chapter 7. It is argued: (i) that Aristotle is mistaken when he attempts in the earlier chapters to present ... More


Definition

Richard Robinson

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241607
eISBN:
9780191680397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241607.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

Definition has been practised and discussed for nearly two and a half millenniums. It has been more widely adopted, and less often reviled, than any other part of the original theory of logic drawn ... More


Self and World in Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Christopher Janaway

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250036
eISBN:
9780191597817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250037.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Centres on Schopenhauer's conception of the self and how it relates to the world, primarily dealing with his book The World as Will and Representation. It locates Schopenhauer in relation to Kant, of ... More


Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Rae Langton

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book offers a new interpretation and defence of Kant's doctrine of things in themselves. Kant distinguishes things in themselves from phenomena, and in doing so he makes a metaphysical ... More


Conclusion

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a few concluding remarks about the goal of achieving a greater consensus in our judgements of moral status. It argues that adopting a multi-criterial theory of moral status does ... More


Diagnosis and treatment

Richard Gaskin

in Experience and the World's Own Language: A Critique of John McDowell's Empiricism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287253
eISBN:
9780191603969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287252.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

McDowell’s view is that if infants and animals did have conscious experience, they would be confronted with private objects in Wittgenstein’s sense — bits of unstructured sensory Given. It is argued ... More


Aristotle's Project and Method

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Since souls are forms of living beings, according to Aristotle, a scientific study of living beings requires first and foremost a systematic account of the soul. Such an account is supplied in the ... More


Engagement and Metaphysical Dissatisfaction: Modality and Value

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764969
eISBN:
9780199894970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764969.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

We all have beliefs to the effect that if a certain thing were to happen a certain other thing would happen. We also believe that some things simply must be so, with no possibility of having been ... More


The Idea of Property in Law

James Penner

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299264
eISBN:
9780191714313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299264.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book vindicates the commonsense idea that the right to property is a right to things. Distinguishing between the ‘practice’ of property and the ‘practice’ of contract is essential for a proper ... More


To Take or to Make: The Roles of Creators and Predators

Geoff Mulgan

in The Locust and the Bee: Predators and Creators in Capitalism's Future

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165745
eISBN:
9781400866199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165745.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter details capitalism's dual character, its bees and its locusts. The first face of capitalism is productive, creating better products and services, from smarter looms for textiles to ... More


Will to Power in the <i>Genealogy</i>

Christopher Janaway

in Beyond Selflessness: Reading Nietzsche's Genealogy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279692
eISBN:
9780191707407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279692.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that Nietzsche's conception of will to power underlies his explanations of moral values, and that its manifestations may be outward-directed or inward-directed, achieve genuine ... More


Grammatical Classes

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The standard doctrine that basic grammatical classes (parts of speech) are not semantically definable rests on erroneous assumptions about the nature of linguistic meaning. With a proper view of ... More


Aristotelian Preliminaries

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Aristotelian philosophy gave Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Scotus, and Ockham the philosophical tools they needed to formulate real presence and sacramental causality precisely. This chapter orients by ... More


Sacraments: What, Why, and Wherefore

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

New understandings of bodily placement and varieties of causal connections were provoked by a theological context in which the human being is thought of as having not only a nature but also a ... More


Nature and Environment

Glenn Parsons and Allen Carlson

in Functional Beauty

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199205240
eISBN:
9780191709296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205240.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter outlines some of the ways in which the concept of Functional Beauty can be applied to natural things. It begins with a somewhat neglected topic in nature aesthetics: the aesthetics of ... More


The Civilization Machine in the Early Bronze Age

Adam T. Smith

in The Political Machine: Assembling Sovereignty in the Bronze Age Caucasus

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163239
eISBN:
9781400866502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163239.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the role of things in the reproduction of a public—the first condition of sovereignty defined in Chapter 2—during the Early Bronze Age in the South Caucasus. “A public” here ... More


The Ethical Task as the Human Task

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Unlike Fear and Trembling, Kierkegaard affixes his name to Concluding Unscientific Postscript, as the ‘editor’, thereby signalling his close affinity to the position outlined by the book’s pseudonym ... More


Decision Theory

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Deals with decision theory. The coverage includes decision making under risk and uncertainty. The theories of vonNeumann–Morgenstern and Savage are reviewed, along with recent developments in the ... More


The Real Distinction between Mind and Body

Stephen Yablo

in Thoughts: Papers on Mind, Meaning, and Modality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199266463
eISBN:
9780191709111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266463.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter pursues two ideas. The first is that Descartes' argument cannot be faulted simply for relying on an inference from de re conceivability to de re possibility; that inference is implicated ... More


The Modern Thing: Metaphor and the Event of Representation

Thomas Docherty

in Alterities: Criticism, History, Representation

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183570
eISBN:
9780191674075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183570.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Literary modernism is always concerned with the activity of ‘seeing things’ in the sense of attending to objects of everyday life. This chapter argues for a renewed attention to the status of the ... More


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