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Experimental Techniques for Low-Temperature Measurements: Cryostat Design, Material Properties and Superconductor Critical-Current Testing

Jack Ekin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570547
eISBN:
9780191717710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570547.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents an integrated, step-by-step approach to the design and construction of low-temperature measurement apparatus. It is effectively two books in one: a textbook on cryostat design ... More


Theory, Measurement, and Absolute Temperature: Narrative: The Quest for the Theoretical Meaning of Temperature

Hasok Chang

in Inventing Temperature: Measurement and Scientific Progress

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195171273
eISBN:
9780199835003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195171276.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The precise measurement of temperature became possible by the middle of the 19th century. However, there were no theories of heat to direct the practice of thermometry in a useful way. This chapter ... More


Tunnel junctions with superconductors

Tero T. Heikkilä

in The Physics of Nanoelectronics: Transport and Fluctuation Phenomena at Low Temperatures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199592449
eISBN:
9780191747618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592449.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Tunnel junctions connecting superconductors to each other or to normal metals allow for a controlled study of non-linear charge transport effects. This chapter explains the diverse transport ... More


Zeroth law, equation of state

Andrew M. Steane

in Thermodynamics: A complete undergraduate course

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788560
eISBN:
9780191830426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The definition of empirical temperature is carefully explained, through the use of the zeroth law of thermodynamics. The equation of state (relating temperature to other state variables) is ... More


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