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Electromagnetism of Continuous Media: Mathematical Modelling and Applications

Mauro Fabrizio and Angelo Morro

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527008
eISBN:
9780191713316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527008.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book is devoted to the mathematical modelling of electromagnetic materials. Electromagnetism in matter is developed with particular emphasis on material effects, which are ascribed to memory in ... More


Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Vladimir Fortov, Igor Iakubov, and Alexey Khrapak

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This book concerns the physics of plasma at high density, which is compressed so strongly that the effects of interparticle interactions, nonideality, govern its behavior. The interest in this ... More


Ionic Transport Processes: in Electrochemistry and Membrane Science

Kyösti Kontturi, Lasse Murtomäki, and José A. Manzanares

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199533817
eISBN:
9780191714825
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533817.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Modelling of heterogeneous processes, such as electrochemical reactions, extraction, or ion-exchange, usually requires solving the transport problem associated with the process. Since the processes ... More


Entropy and the Time Evolution of Macroscopic Systems

Walter T. Grandy, Jr.

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546176
eISBN:
9780191720161
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546176.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book is based on the premise that the entropy concept, a fundamental element of probability theory as logic governs all of the thermal physics, both equilibrium and nonequilibrium. The ... More


Concepts in Thermal Physics

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

An understanding of thermal physics is crucial to much of modern physics, chemistry, and engineering. This book provides a modern introduction to the main principles that are foundational to thermal ... More


Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Angelo Gavezzotti

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Intermolecular interactions stem from the electric properties of atoms. Being the cause of molecular aggregation, intermolecular forces are at the roots of chemistry and are the fabric of the world. ... More


Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Vlatko Vedral

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In addition to treating quantum communication, entanglement, error correction, and algorithms in great depth, this book also addresses a number of interesting miscellaneous topics, such as Maxwell's ... More


Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Harvey R. Brown

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book explores the nature of the distinction at the heart of Einstein's 1905 formulation of his special theory of relativity: that between kinematics and dynamics. Einstein himself became ... More


Einstein's Principle-theory Approach

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on how Einstein arrived at his special theory of relativity. It discusses Einstein's postulates, his derivation of the Lorentz transformations, and experimental evidence for the ... More


Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Paul Nunez

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Does the brain create the mind, or is some external entity involved? In addressing this hard problem of consciousness, we face a central human challenge: what do we really know and how do we know it? ... More


Transient temperature effects in a pendulum

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter describes some transient temperature measurements made on a pendulum with a quartz pendulum rod. Time offset error occurs because different parts of the pendulum change temperature at ... More


Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Raymond Flood, Mark McCartney, and Andrew Whitaker (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Lord Kelvin was one of the greatest physicists of the Victorian era. Widely known for the development of the Kelvin scale of temperature measurement, Kelvin's interests ranged across thermodynamics, ... More


Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

James Ladyman, Don Ross, and and David Spurrett with John Collier

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book argues that the only kind of metaphysics that can contribute to objective knowledge is one based specifically on contemporary science as it really is, and not on philosophers' a priori ... More


Modern Physics, Cosmology, and Consciousness

Paull Nunez

in Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The possibility of deep connections between modern physics (relativity, quantum mechanics, and thermodynamics) and consciousness is labeled here as the RQTC conjecture, independent of the actual ... More


Kelvin—The Legacy

Andrew Whitaker

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the legacy of Lord Kelvin. A century after his death, Kelvin's name is also associated with the Kelvin-Planck statement of the second law of thermodynamics, and several other ... More


James Thomson and the Culture of a Victorian Engineer

Peter Bowler

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on William Thomson's brother, James. James Thomson was primarily an engineer. He was the second Professor of Engineering at Queen's College, Belfast, serving from 1857 to 1873, ... More


THE EULER EQUATIONS FOR REAL FLUIDS

Sylvie Benzoni-Gavage and Denis Serre

in Multi-dimensional hyperbolic partial differential equations: First-order systems and applications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211234
eISBN:
9780191705700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211234.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter discusses models for inviscid compressible fluids. It recalls the Euler equations for the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy; the equation of state, the entropy, and the ... More


Order, Symmetry, and the Organization of Matter

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter introduces the basic concepts and language that will be needed later on: order, symmetry, invariance, broken symmetry, Hamiltonian, condensed matter, order parameter, ground state, and ... More


Glasses and Quenched Disorder

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter refers to the previous chapter in which the discontinuous behavior of thermodynamic functions at a phase transition was referred to as “carefully controlled conditions.” To proceed to ... More


Energy flow

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The second law of thermodynamics is central to understanding ecology, although it is ignored by most ecology text books. It follows from the second law that all organisms must draw free energy from ... More


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