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 Webb's Journey to Islam

Umar F. Abd‐Allah

in A Muslim in Victorian America: The Life of Alexander Russell Webb

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187281
eISBN:
9780199784875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187288.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter chronicles Webb's conversion to Islam. It is shown that Webb's conversion was actually a series of conversions. First, he adopted materialism, which he rejected for Buddhism in search ... More


 Occult Chemistry, Instrumentation, and the Theosophical Science of Direct Perception

Mark S. Morrisson

in Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses how the close relationship between Theosophical theories of matter and the new atomic science led Theosophists to launch a decades-long research program of “clairvoyant ... More


Modernity and the Discourse of Scientific Buddhism

David L. McMahan

in The Making of Buddhist Modernism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183276
eISBN:
9780199870882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183276.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter shows, with attention to the social, political, and polemical contexts of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the ways Buddhists and Buddhist sympathizers attempted to align Buddhism ... More


Luigi Russolo, Futurist: Noise, Visual Arts, and the Occult

Luciano Chessa

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270633
eISBN:
9780520951563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270633.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Recently there has been a growing interest in the work of the Italian futurist painter, composer, and maker of musical instruments Luigi Russolo (1885–1947). As the author of the first systematic ... More


Preexistence in the Modern Age

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Some contemporary theologians have called for a return to Origen. Nicholas Berdyaev advocated the idea, but the Eastern Orthodox Church strenuously resists the idea, as does the Roman Catholic ... More


Medicine

Cathy Gutierrez

in Plato's Ghost: Spiritualism in the American Renaissance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388350
eISBN:
9780199866472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388350.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines Spiritualist writings about health and the body. For a movement that was otherworldly in its focus, Spiritualists were extremely interested in medicine and many, including ... More


An Anti‐Imperialist Junction Box? Metropolitan Anti‐Imperialism in the early 1930s

Nicholas Owen

in The British Left and India: Metropolitan Anti-Imperialism, 1885-1947

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233014
eISBN:
9780191716423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233014.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter returns to Congress' dilemma of metropolitan organization. It examines the constellation of anti-imperialist groups in Britain in the early 1930s, identifying their relationships with ... More


The Flowering of Metaphysical Religion

Robert C. Fuller

in Spiritual, but not Religious: Understanding Unchurched America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195146806
eISBN:
9780199834204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195146808.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Metaphysical spirituality has found a receptive audience among middle‐class Americans. The New Thought movement combined mesmerist psychology and the “power of positive thinking” to show Americans ... More


Perennialism

Mark Sedgwick

in Against the Modern World: Traditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195152975
eISBN:
9780199835225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152972.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter goes back to the beginning. It covers Gu”non’s life from birth until 1908, and examines the nature and consequences of his involvement during the Belle Epoque with the Martinist Order ... More


The Mystical Life of Franz Kafka: Theosophy, Cabala, and the Modern Spiritual Revival

June O. Leavitt

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827831
eISBN:
9780199919444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827831.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This book aims to show that the “Kafkaesque” in Franz Kafka may be immediate or residual impressions of the clairvoyance which Kafka admitted he suffered from: Those aspects of his writings in which ... More


The Theosophical Society

James A. Santucci

in Controversial New Religions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195156829
eISBN:
9780199784806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515682X.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This essay examines the history and development of the Theosophical Society and its offshoots. The Theosophical Society was founded in New York City in 1875 by sixteen individuals with shared ... More


The Clairvoyant States of Franz Kafka

June O. Leavitt

in The Mystical Life of Franz Kafka: Theosophy, Cabala, and the Modern Spiritual Revival

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827831
eISBN:
9780199919444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827831.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter presents the classical theory about clairvoyance and contrasts it to Kafka’s confession to Rudolph Steiner about being clairvoyant and to the discourse on clairvoyance popularized by the ... More


Introduction

June O. Leavitt

in The Mystical Life of Franz Kafka: Theosophy, Cabala, and the Modern Spiritual Revival

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827831
eISBN:
9780199919444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827831.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter presents two major implications that can be drawn from Kafka’s confession to Rudolph Steiner that he occasionally experienced states of clairvoyance while writing. First, Kafka’s prose ... More


The Western Esoteric Traditions: A Historical Introduction

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195320992
eISBN:
9780199852062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320992.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Western esotericism combines spirituality with an empirical observation of the natural world while also relating humanity to the universe through a harmonious celestial order. This introduction to ... More


Jacob Boehme and Theosophy

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

in The Western Esoteric Traditions: A Historical Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195320992
eISBN:
9780199852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320992.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter examines the works of Jacob Boehme on theosophy and its relation to the history of Western esotericism. During the 17th and 18th centuries, esotericism found particular expression in the ... More


High-Grade Freemasonry and Illuminism in the Eighteenth Century

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

in The Western Esoteric Traditions: A Historical Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195320992
eISBN:
9780199852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320992.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter examines 18th-century Freemasonry and illuminism and its influence on the history of Western esotericism. After Rosicrucianism supplied the myth of a secret society cultivating hermetic ... More


Emanuel Swedenborg

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

in The Western Esoteric Traditions: A Historical Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195320992
eISBN:
9780199852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320992.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter examines the works of Swedish Christian mystic and theologian, Emanuel Swedenborg, and his influence on Western esotericism. Swedenborg occupied a key position in the history of Western ... More


Modernism and Magic: Experiments with Spiritualism, Theosophy and the Occult

Leigh Wilson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780748627691
eISBN:
9780748684441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627691.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

While the engagement of modernist artists with the occult has been approached by critics as the result of a loss of faith in representation, as an attempt to draw on science as the primary discourse ... More


Scientology, a “New Age” Religion?

Andreas Grünschloß

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The “Church of Scientology” has gradually surfaced as the most hotly debated movement during the second half of the twentieth century, and it continued to stimulate ongoing discussions up to the ... More


Dane Rudhyar’s Vision of Dissonance

Carol J. Oja

in Making Music Modern: New York in the 1920s

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195058499
eISBN:
9780199865031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058499.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, American

Noise was but one tool for modernist composers in the early 20th century. For many, the principal challenge came in devising alternatives to the tonal system on which much Western music had been ... More


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