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Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Harvey R. Brown

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book explores the nature of the distinction at the heart of Einstein's 1905 formulation of his special theory of relativity: that between kinematics and dynamics. Einstein himself became ... More


Einstein's Principle-theory Approach

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on how Einstein arrived at his special theory of relativity. It discusses Einstein's postulates, his derivation of the Lorentz transformations, and experimental evidence for the ... More


It stands alone

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The theory of relativity is unique and is based on very simple ideas. In fact, it has only one fundamental premise and one physical fact. The premise is that the laws of physics must be the same ... More


“World Building”: Structuralism and Transcendental Idealism in Eddington

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is shown how the epistemological thesis that physics can provide knowledge only of the structure of the physical world emerged in Arthur Eddington’s semi-popular, philosophical and technical ... More


The Special Theory of Relativity and the Unreality of the Future

Michael Tooley

in Time, Tense, and Causation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250746
eISBN:
9780191598623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250746.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the Special Theory of Relativity, there is no such thing as absolute simultaneity, contrary to the view defended in the book. However, this chapter demonstrates that the Special Theory ... More


1921: “Critical or Empiricist Interpretation of the New Physics?”

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Mortiz Schlick’s article of this title was highly influential in convincing several generations of philosophers that GTR outrightly falsified any variety of Kantian epistemology. In fact, the ... More


The Annotated Manuscript

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Road to Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's "The Foundation of General Relativity", Featuring the Original Manuscript of Einstein's Masterpiece

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175812
eISBN:
9781400865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175812.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This section presents annotations of the manuscript of Albert Einstein's canonical 1916 paper on the general theory of relativity. It begins with a discussion of the foundation of the general theory ... More


Time, Tense, and Causation

Michael Tooley

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250746
eISBN:
9780191598623
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250746.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Defends a dynamic, or tensed, conception of time, according to which the past and the present are real while the future is not. This conception differs from traditional tensed views, according to ... More


Introduction

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (GTR) brought a revolutionary transformation in philosophical as well as physical outlook. The philosopher Mortiz Schick, student of Max Planck, played a pivotal role ... More


Einstein’s Intellectual Odyssey to General Relativity

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Road to Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's "The Foundation of General Relativity", Featuring the Original Manuscript of Einstein's Masterpiece

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175812
eISBN:
9781400865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175812.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This section discusses the development of Albert Einstein's ideas and attitudes as he struggled for eight years to come up with a general theory of relativity that would meet the physical and ... More


Transcendental‐Phenomenological Idealism: Husserl and Weyl

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Weyl’s major contributions in the spring of 1918 to the general theory of relativity and to constructive analysis reveal the influence of Husserl’s transcendental-phenomenological idealism. The known ... More


A New Conception of Science

Nicholas Maxwell

in The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261550
eISBN:
9780191698750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261550.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that a view called aim-oriented empiricism solves the central problems of what scientific method is. This view is different from the orthodox of view of science which holds that ... More


Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

William Lane Craig and Quentin Smith

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Contemporary science presents us with the remarkable theory that the universe began to exist about fifteen billion years ago with a cataclysmic explosion called ‘the Big Bang’. The question of ... More


Einstein’s Lectures

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter reproduces the extant text of the two lectures. In these two lectures, Einstein explains very thoroughly the principles and conceptual foundations of, first, special and then general ... More


Epilogue: The “Geometrization of Physics” and Transcendental Idealism

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The transcendental idealist underpinnings of the geometrized field physics proposed by Hermann Weyl and by Arthur Eddington remained largely unrecognized. Èmile Meyerson was a notable exception. It ... More


The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Thomas Ryckman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (1915) was also a defining event for 20th century philosophy of science. During the decisive first ten years of the theory’s existence, two main tendencies dominated ... More


Frazer and Einstein

in Victorian Relativity: Radical Thought and Scientific Discovery

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226327327
eISBN:
9780226327365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226327365.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the unstable conceptual field by means of a comparative discussion of two of the most ambitious scholarly projects of the age: James Frazer's Golden Bough and Einstein's special ... More


Introduction

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This introductory chapter provides a brief background into the development of Albert Einstein's special and general theories of relativity. As a characteristic stage in the development of the theory, ... More


Setting the stage

A. J. Leggett

in The Problems of Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211241
eISBN:
9780191706837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211241.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter traces the history of physics as we know it from its beginnings in the astronomy and mechanics of the 17th century, through the development of electromagnetism, optics, and mechanics in ... More


The Lorentz Transformations and the Structure of Explanations by Constraint

Marc Lange

in Because Without Cause: Non-Causal Explanations in Science and Mathematics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190269487
eISBN:
9780190269500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269487.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter continues to develop an account of non-causal “explanations by constraint.” It studies a longstanding dispute regarding Albert Einstein’s special theory of relativity: whether the ... More


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