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Explorations in Information Space: Knowledge, Actors, and Firms

Max H. Boisot, Ian C. MacMillan, and Kyeong Seok Han

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199250875
eISBN:
9780191719509
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250875.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Humankind has always lived in a knowledge society. Yet, although we have been discussing the problem of valid knowledge since Plato and probably before, it was only in the second half of the 20th ... More


Mullā Ṣadrā's Theory of Knowledge and the Unification Argument

Ibrahim Kalin

in Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Ṣadrā on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199735242
eISBN:
9780199852772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735242.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter is devoted to a detailed analysis of Ṣadrā's theory of knowledge. As Ṣadrā insists on the principiality of existence in all philosophical problems, it begins with a survey of his ... More


A Modest Proposal Concerning Laws, Counterfactuals, and Explanations

Tim Maudlin

in The Metaphysics Within Physics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199218219
eISBN:
9780191711596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218219.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter outlines the systematic connections between beliefs about laws of nature and a small assortment of other beliefs. The examination has been carried out predominantly in what may be called ... More


Epistemology

Jan Westerhoff

in Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka: A Philosophical Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375213
eISBN:
9780199871360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375213.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Nāgārjuna’s discussion of epistemology focuses on the relation between means of knowledge (pramāṇa) and objects of knowledge (prameya). He investigates in particular how the means of knowledge ... More


Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge: On Two Dogmas of Epistemology

Stephen Hetherington

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199247349
eISBN:
9780191697654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophers have long inquired into the nature and even the possibility of human knowledge. This book identifies two mistaken assumptions that have fundamentally shaped that tradition of ... More


Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Edward Stein

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Are humans rational? Various experiments performed over the last several decades have been interpreted as showing that humans are irrational: we make significant and consistent errors in logical ... More


Williamson on Knowledge and Evidence

Alvin I. Goldman

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter serves as a critical examination of Williamson's theories of knowledge and evidence. It argues that certain details of the theory are less successful than those of similar theories that ... More


Reliabilism and the Value of Knowledge

Alvin I. Goldman and Erik J. Olsson

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter discusses two possible solutions to the value-of-knowledge problem. It first discusses the conditional probability solution, which was formulated and defended by Erik Olsson. It then ... More


Introduction

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

in A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Begins by distinguishing different varieties of nominalism. All adherents of nominalism agree in rejecting mathematical and other abstract entities, and many have attempted to develop nominalist ... More


Russell's theory of judgment

Michael Potter

in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199215836
eISBN:
9780191721243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In June 1913, Wittgenstein's objection to Russell's multiple relation theory of judgment led Russell to give up writing his book on Theory of knowledge. It is one of the most famous incidents in ... More


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