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Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

John Dupré

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Charles Darwin transformed our understanding of the universe and our place in it with his development of the theory of evolution. One hundred and fifty years later, we are still puzzling over the ... More


Negative Selection and the Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Natural selection is not the only evolutionary “force” that can alter frequencies of genetic variants; random genetic drift (a sampling process) persistently changes the gene pool of populations, ... More


Cultural Evolution

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Friedrich A. Hayek shrouds market rules in still greater obscurity when he makes the further claim that they possess a social wisdom of which human reason is incapable. This claim lies at the heart ... More


Hayek's Project: The Instrumental Justification of the Liberal Market Society

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Friedrich A. Hayek thinks liberalism is the right political doctrine because, unlike socialism and other collectivist creeds, it is committed to institutions that take account of the social world as ... More


Detecting Positive Selection

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Positive natural selection, though rare in comparison with negative selection, is the main evolutionary force responsible for adaptive evolutionary change. Using the neutral theory to generate null ... More


Foundations of a Neo-Darwinian Approach to Morality

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, three refinements in Darwin’s theory of evolution and three criticisms of evolutionary approaches to human behavior that have important implications for morality are discussed. The ... More


Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Joshua Duntley and Todd K. Shackelford (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The field of forensic psychology explores the intersection of psychology and the law. The purpose of this book is to examine topics in the field, using the powerful, multidisciplinary, conceptually ... More


Darwin's Embryological Theory of Progressive Evolution

in The Meaning of Evolution: The Morphological Construction and Ideological Reconstruction of Darwin's Theory

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226712024
eISBN:
9780226712055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226712055.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the gradual, uniform development of Charles Darwin's embryological ideas and their role in his species theory. The principle of embryological and recapitulation model allowed ... More


The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

David Sepkoski and Michael Ruse (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

Paleontology has long had a troubled relationship with evolutionary biology. Suffering from a reputation as a second-tier science and conjuring images of fossil collectors and amateurs who dig up ... More


Arguments from Order to Design

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to Swinburne’s Bayesian argument from temporal order, the fact that our universe is ordered by relatively simple laws of nature is more probable if God exists than if he does not. If God ... More


Darwin the Writer

George Levine

in Darwin the Writer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608430
eISBN:
9780191731709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608430.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The Origin of Species can be taken as a work of literature, like the great poetry and fiction of the Victorian era. The way it is written significantly affects its meaning and ... More


Can We Really Dig Up God?: Science, Myth, and the Flood Today

J. David Pleins

in When the Great Abyss Opened: Classic and Contemporary Readings of Noah's Flood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199733637
eISBN:
9780199852505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733637.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Even if they believe in the Darwin's theories of evolution, people who assert the truth of the bible are stubborn as they would assume the stories in a historical context instead of adopting how ... More


Introduction: An Evolutionary Riddle

SCOTT ATRAN

in In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195178036
eISBN:
9780199850112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178036.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The chapter discusses the theory of evolution in the context of its implications for religion. When forming an evolutionary standpoint, the reasons religion shouldn't exist are patent: religion is ... More


Facts about human language relevant to its evolution

Steven Pinker

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter contends that an important source of evidence that has been neglected in the study of language evolution is the language itself. Thus, in this chapter, some basic facts about the ... More


‘First Efforts’ 1

Nicholas Griffin

in Russell’s Idealist Apprenticeship

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198244530
eISBN:
9780191680786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244530.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the first years of Russell's life, from the death of both of his parents to the first few attempts at writing about philosophy. It is stated in the discussions that the ... More


Is Music an Evolutionary Adaptation?

David Huron

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter reviews the basic arguments related to evolutionary claims for music. In particular, it describes the theory of evolution by natural selection. Before entertaining some possible ... More


Body and soul

Euan M. Macphail

in The Evolution of Consciousness

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503248
eISBN:
9780191686481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503248.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The mind-body problem has traditionally been the province of philosophers who relied on logic and arguments rather than on observation and facts. Psychology began as an experimental discipline some ... More


Investing: The Last Liberal Art, Second Edition

Robert Hagstrom

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160100
eISBN:
9780231531016
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160100.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This updated second edition explores basic and fundamental investing concepts in a range of fields outside of economics, including physics, biology, sociology, psychology, philosophy, and literature. ... More


Ecology and Evolution: Neither Separate nor Merged

Emanuele Serrelli and Ilya Tëmkin

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Since the 1970s, frequent attempts were made to bridge the gap between ecology and evolution. Ecology was divided into community ecology, that studies the composition and assembly of populations, ... More


The Concept of the Environment in Evolutionary Theory

Robert N. Brandon

in The Environment: Philosophy, Science, and Ethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017404
eISBN:
9780262301770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017404.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins with a definition of adaptation, which is a core tenet of evolutionary biology. Adaptation is always adaptation to an environment since it does not make sense as an abstract term. ... More


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