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Introducing Black Holes: Event Horizons and Singularities

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This introductory chapter provides a background of black holes. The term “black hole” is not defined in a technical way and is used in different contexts to mean different things. The phrase itself ... More


Quantum Theory of Solids

R. E. Peierls

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book develops the quantum theory of solids from the basic principles of quantum mechanics. The emphasis is on a single statement of the ideas underlying the various approximations that have to ... More


Einstein: 2005 Master-Mind Lecture

John Stachel

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 151, 2006 Lectures

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264249
eISBN:
9780191734045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264249.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses the nature of creativity; creativity is defined in terms of the interaction between the individual and the field of experts in a certain domain. This interaction eventually ... More


THE ENTRY OF FIELD THEORY INTO POLYMER SCIENCE

R. C. Ball

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Two papers by Sam Edwards in 1965-66 changed the face of polymer theory with the introduction of field theoretical methods. Using these, he identified what is now known as universal regimes and ... More


Introduction

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (GTR) brought a revolutionary transformation in philosophical as well as physical outlook. The philosopher Mortiz Schick, student of Max Planck, played a pivotal role ... More


Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Gordon Fraser

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book presents a biography of Abdus Salam, the first Muslim to win a Nobel Prize for Science (Physics 1979), who was nevertheless excommunicated and branded as a heretic in his own country. His ... More


Boltzmann’s contributions to other branches of physics

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Ludwig Boltzmann's scientific activities were mainly devoted to statistical mechanics: in large measure to kinetic theory, but he also founded the formalism of equilibrium statistical mechanics for ... More


Introduction

Phillip R. Sloan and Fogel Brandon

in Creating a Physical Biology: The Three-Man Paper and Early Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226767826
eISBN:
9780226762777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226762777.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is primarily concerned with the “Three-Man Paper” or the 3MP. Though its particular scientific conclusions would not stand the test of time, the 3MP was an important stimulus in the ... More


Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: New Edition

John von Neumann (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691178561
eISBN:
9781400889921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178561.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Quantum mechanics was still in its infancy in 1932 when the young John von Neumann, who would go on to become one of the greatest mathematicians of the twentieth century, published Mathematical ... More


Drawing Theories Apart: The Dispersion of Feynman Diagrams in Postwar Physics

David Kaiser

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226422664
eISBN:
9780226422657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226422657.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Feynman diagrams have revolutionized nearly every aspect of theoretical physics since the middle of the twentieth century. Introduced by the American physicist Richard Feynman (1918–88) soon after ... More


Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 97, August 2011

Laurent Baulieu, Karim Benakli, Michael R. Douglas, Bruno Mansoulie, Eliezer Rabinovici, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198727965
eISBN:
9780191794278
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727965.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book is based on lectures at the Les Houches Summer School held in August 2011 for an audience of advanced graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in particle physics, theoretical physics, ... More


Overture for Ants

Michael Silberstein, W.M. Stuckey, and Timothy McDevitt

in Beyond the Dynamical Universe: Unifying Block Universe Physics and Time as Experienced

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198807087
eISBN:
9780191844850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807087.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, History of Physics

This book addresses Nobel Laureate Frank Wilczek’s challenge that “ascending from the ant’s-eye view to the God’s-eye view of physical reality is the most profound challenge for fundamental physics ... More


Differential Geometry: Bundles, Connections, Metrics and Curvature

Clifford Henry Taubes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199605880
eISBN:
9780191774911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605880.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology, Mathematical Physics

Bundles, connections, metrics, and curvature are the ‘lingua franca’ of modern differential geometry and theoretical physics. Many of the tools used in differential topology are introduced and the ... More


The Decomposition of Global Conformal Invariants (AM-182)

Spyros Alexakis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153476
eISBN:
9781400842728
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153476.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This book addresses a basic question in differential geometry that was first considered by physicists Stanley Deser and Adam Schwimmer in 1993 in their study of conformal anomalies. The question ... More


Undecidability and Intractability in Theoretical Physics

Stephen Wolfram

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores some fundamental consequences of the correspondence between physical process and computations. Most physical questions may be answerable only through irreducible amounts of ... More


Hans A. Bethe, Tough Dove

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments: A Daughter's Questions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520220553
eISBN:
9780520923652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Hans Bethe stood as the author's portal on the quest to understand the people and times that had created the first weapon capable of breaking the world. Born in Germany in 1906, Bethe experienced ... More


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