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Realism in Theory Construction

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Theoretical realism claims—against instrumentalism (Stegmüller), constructive empiricism (van Fraassen), entity realism (Hacking, Cartwright), and structural realism (Worrall)—that the theoretical ... More


Statistical Designs as Instruments

J. D. Trout

in Measuring the Intentional World: Realism, Naturalism, and Quantitative Methods in the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195107661
eISBN:
9780199786152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195107667.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter aims to advance a realist conception of statistical designs according to which they are instruments of measurement. These instruments are best understood as detecting theoretical ... More


Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Joshua M. Epstein

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book introduces a new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software individual, or “agent,” is endowed with distinct emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in ... More


Carnap on Abstract and Theoretical Entities

Gregory Lavers

in Ontology after Carnap

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199661985
eISBN:
9780191748363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661985.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses Carnap’s views on the existence of abstract and theoretical entities. In the case of abstract objects, it shows the relation of Carnap’s position in “Empiricism, Semantics, and ... More


Conclusion: Farewell to Facts

Arianna Betti

in Against Facts

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029216
eISBN:
9780262329644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029216.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Conclusion sums up Against Facts’ main findings: in part I and II Armstrong’s truthmaker argument and the argument from nominal reference have been shown to be unsound. The two kinds of ... More


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