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To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

André Blais (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The book addresses the following questions: What fosters or hinders reform of first past the post? When and why does reform emerge on the political agenda? Who proposes and who opposes reform? When ... More


About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality

Alessandra Giorgi

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199571895
eISBN:
9780191722073
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571895.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This book considers the syntax of the left periphery of clauses in relation to the extra‐sentential context. The prevailing point of view, in the literature in this field is that the external context ... More


Electoral Systems—Simple and Complex

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

To allocate seats to candidates or parties, even a simple electoral system must specify at least the following: the total number of seats in the assembly (assembly size); the number of seats ... More


Inherent and Contingent Factors in Reform Initiation in Plurality Systems *

Matthew Søberg Shugart

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Electoral reform may be explained through a model that incorporates both inherent and contingent factors. An electoral system has an inherent tendency towards “systemic failure,” understood as ... More


Parties and Society in New Zealand

Jack Vowles

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first introductory section discusses the evolution of the current party system in New Zealand, from a system dominated by the two parties around which it had aligned in the 1930s, to the ... More


Is the Speaker There? An Analysis of Some Anomalous Contexts

Alessandra Giorgi

in About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199571895
eISBN:
9780191722073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571895.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

In this chapter I consider two cases in Italian in which the embedded verbal form does not give rise to the Double Access Reading, even if it is not a subjunctive: the imperfect of the indicative and ... More


The Duvergerian Agenda

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Starting with the characteristics of the electoral systems, the ‘Duvergerian agenda’ aims at predicting the average seat and vote share distributions of parties, the effective number of parties, and ... More


Introduction: How Institutions Remember

Charlotte Linde

in Working the Past: Narrative and Institutional Memory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195140286
eISBN:
9780199871247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140286.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter introduces the question of how institutions use narrative to remember, showing the importance not only of stories but of occasions on which they can be told. It reviews the key questions ... More


The Uniqueness of Person‐Perception

Garry L. Hagberg

in Describing Ourselves: Wittgenstein and Autobiographical Consciousness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234226
eISBN:
9780191715440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234226.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the misleading picture of the inferential perception of persons. It also discusses the connection to the other-minds problem, Goethe on the perception of expressive gestures ... More


How the Past was Used: Historical cultures, c. 750-2000

Peter Lambert and Björn Weiler (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780197266120
eISBN:
9780191860010
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266120.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This volume brings together anthropologists, historians and literary scholars in order to explore how societies represented and used the past. Case studies range from the seventh century to the ... More


Cicero's roles as an exemplum

Henriette van der Blom

in Cicero's Role Models: The Political Strategy of a Newcomer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582938
eISBN:
9780191723124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582938.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

There were many achievements of which Cicero was proud and which he displayed as being particularly exemplary. He set himself up as an exemplary advocate, homo novus, great consul, an exiled consular ... More


Disturbing Doubling: Antagonizing Settlers and History in the Present

Joyce Dalsheim

in Unsettling Gaza: Secular Liberalism, Radical Religion, and the Israeli Settlement Project

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751204
eISBN:
9780199895014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751204.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on how each of the groups in conflict in this study represents itself to itself, by comparing field trips for high school students that narrate the past and the present, ... More


V4. Electoral System

Matthew Flinders

in Democratic Drift: Majoritarian Modification and Democratic Anomie in the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199271597
eISBN:
9780191709234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271597.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

The politics of electoral reform under New Labour provides a critical case of marginalization and strategic manoeuvring in order to avoid shifting to a more proportional electoral system. And yet ... More


Friendship and Relationship to Place

Mark R. Wynn

in Faith and Place: An Essay in Embodied Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560387
eISBN:
9780191721175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560387.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter begins with a brief biographical essay on the experience of place, which is designed to show that the themes treated more theoretically in later parts of the book can be grounded in ... More


Pilgrimage and the Differentiated Religious Significance of Space

Mark R. Wynn

in Faith and Place: An Essay in Embodied Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560387
eISBN:
9780191721175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560387.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines what is perhaps the single best-known example of a place-based religious practice, namely pilgrimage. It considers various contemporary objections to pilgrimage practice, and ... More


Chinese Capital Punishment in Comparative Perspective

David T. Johnson and Michelle Miao

in The Death Penalty In China: Policy, Practice, and Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170079
eISBN:
9780231540810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170079.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Based on a comparative perspective, this chapter contrasts China’s practice of the death penalty with capital punishment in the Chinese past, with the practice of other Chinese societies (i.e., Hong ... More


The “Quasi-Turn-of-Screw Effect,” or How to Raise a Ghost with Words: The Sense of the Past

J. Hillis Miller

in Literature as Conduct: Speech Acts in Henry James

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225378
eISBN:
9780823235391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225378.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter analyzes Henry James's The Sense of the Past using the speech act theory. It explores the possible reasons why James failed to finish this book and suggests that ... More


Undoing the Past: Refugees, Land, and Possession

Christine Bell

in Peace Agreements and Human Rights

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199270965
eISBN:
9780191707612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270965.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter begins by setting out the international legal framework relevant to ‘undoing the past’, a framework that is partial and, at times, unhelpful to peace process dilemmas. It then examines ... More


The Pilgrim Jubilee and What Came of It

Margaret Bendroth

in The Last Puritans: Mainline Protestants and the Power of the Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624006
eISBN:
9781469624020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624006.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter illustrates how the past had become something to purchase and own in the late nineteenth century. Like many Americans in the late nineteenth century, Congregationalists had begun to ... More


Dealing with the Past – an Intractable Problem?

Desmond Rea and Robin Masefield

in Policing in Northern Ireland: Delivering the New Beginning?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781781381502
eISBN:
9781781382172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381502.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter is drawn from the longer note (published as a book) by the authors which they submitted to the Haass talks in late 2013, entitled Dealing with the Past. As recorded here, the issue was a ... More


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