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Noncortical systems in speaking

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter shows that functional brain asymmetry for the control of speech production is present in the thalamus, basal ganglia, and cerebellum, but not in the cerebral cortex. It appears to be ... More


Connections of orbital cortex

Joseph L. Price

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the connections of the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex. Intrinsic connections indicate the presence of distinct orbital and medial networks, with the orbital network ... More


Reprogramming cortex: The consequences of cross-modal plasticity during development

Jessica R. Newton, Ania K. Majewska, Charlene Ellsworth, and Mriganka Sur

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses how reprogramming the brain, by inducing visual inputs to innervate the auditory pathway, can reveal the relative influence of intrinsic and extrinsic factors in determining ... More


Sagittal Stratum

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter begins with a historical account of the study of the saggital stratum (SS). It then discusses the results of the investigation of the SS of rhesus monkey brains. The SS is a major ... More


Thalamic Control of Visual Attention

Sabine Kastner, Yuri B Saalmann, and Keith A Schneider

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses thalamocortical interactions, an understanding of which is central to understanding perception and cognition. The visual thalamus consists of three main nuclei: the lateral ... More


Functional Connections of Cortical Areas: A New View from the Thalamus

S. Murray Sherman and Rainer W. Guillery

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019309
eISBN:
9780262314992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019309.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This book shows new ways of thinking about how the brain relates to the world, to cognition, and to behavior. Based on foundations previously established the book considers the implications of these ... More


Edward Jones

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Jones' work on the structure and function of the central nervous system is distinguished by enormous breadth and scope, both intellectually and technically. He has made seminal contributions to ... More


Circuit Mechanisms Underlying Behavioral Variability during Recovery of Consciousness following Severe Brain Injury

Nicholas D. Schiff

in The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Recovery of consciousness following severe brain injuries typically evolves through several stages marked by considerable behavioral variability. This chapter considers the role of ‘circuit-level’ ... More


Thalamocortical Interactions

John R. Huguenard, David A. McCormick, and Douglas Coulter

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

All sensory information, except for olfaction, passes through the synaptic network of the thalamus just before reaching the cerebral cortex, suggesting that the thalamus may exert a powerful ... More


Functional topography of sensory and motor areas

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Each area of the cerebral cortex receives most of its afferent fibres from one specific projection nucleus of the thalamus. The topographical organization of this thalamocortical projection is such ... More


The neuroimaging of thirst by positron emission tomography

Derek Denton

in The Primordial Emotions: The dawning of consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203147
eISBN:
9780191695476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203147.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the results of experiments on neuroimaging of thirst by positron emission tomography conducted at the Research Imaging Center in San Antonio, Texas. The experiments focused on ... More


A Remindful Route through the Nucleus Reuniens

James H. Austin

in Living Zen Remindfully: Retraining Subconscious Awareness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035088
eISBN:
9780262336475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035088.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on one nucleus of the limbic thalamus: the nucleus reuniens. It is important as a way station between the medial prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus. Its midline location and ... More


Navigation in neglect patients

Luigi Pizzamiglio, Giuseppe Iaria, Alain Berthoz, Gaspare Galati, and Cecilia Guariglia

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews the ability of neglect patients to navigate in three-dimensional space. It specifically addresses two questions about different navigational systems and about the nature of ... More


Functional Anatomy of Attention and Neglect: from neurons to networks

Marsel Mesulam

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter attempts to illustrate that parietal lobe, frontal lobes, cingulate gyrus, striatum and thalamus constitute a large-scale network subserving spatial attention, that hemispatial neglect ... More


Decreased Arousal as a Result of Sleep Deprivation: The Unraveling of Cognitive Control

Glenn Gunzelmann, Kevin A. Gluck, Scott Price, Hans P. A. Van Dongen, and David F. Dinges

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses recent efforts at developing mechanisms for capturing the effects of fatigue on human performance. It describes a computational cognitive model, developed in ACT-R (adaptive ... More


Microstimulation Effects on Thalamic Neurons

Itzhak Fried

in Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain: Probing Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027205
eISBN:
9780262323994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter describes the use of intraoperative microelectrode recordings and microstimulation in thalamus to study the effects of high frequency stimulation on the neural activity of thalamic ... More


The Basic Organization of Cortex and Thalamus

S. Murray Sherman and R. W. Guillery

in Functional Connections of Cortical Areas: A New View from the Thalamus

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019309
eISBN:
9780262314992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019309.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter aims to describe the structure and organization of cortex and thalamus. Thalamus and cortex are two closely interconnected structures and are a characteristic development of the ... More


Classification of Afferents in Thalamus and Cortex

S. Murray Sherman and R. W. Guillery

in Functional Connections of Cortical Areas: A New View from the Thalamus

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019309
eISBN:
9780262314992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019309.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter considers a new classification, starting with glutamatergic inputs, and explore what insights this provides concerning circuits in thalamus and cortex. The chapter begins this ... More


The Dual Nature of the Thalamic Input to Cortex

S. Murray Sherman and R. W. Guillery

in Functional Connections of Cortical Areas: A New View from the Thalamus

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019309
eISBN:
9780262314992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019309.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter finds that wherever appropriate methods have been used to demonstrate the branched origin of a driver input to the thalamus, it has been found. However, such branching patterns have not ... More


Linking the Body and the World to the Thalamus

S. Murray Sherman and R. W. Guillery

in Functional Connections of Cortical Areas: A New View from the Thalamus

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019309
eISBN:
9780262314992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019309.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter and the next explore the pathways that link the thalamus and cortex to each other and to the rest of the brain, considering each in terms of the major points about the neural connections ... More


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