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Personality

Gordon W. Russell

in Aggression in the Sports World: A social psychological perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189599
eISBN:
9780199868445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189599.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a brief background on the nature of personality traits and what is required to establish their validity. The popular Aggression Questionnaire is singled out and described in ... More


Physiological constraints on memory and imprinting

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence that activity in the sensory pathways is insufficient for information storage. The roles of noradrenaline and testosterone in imprinting processes are analyzed. The ... More


Biology of Aggression

Randy J. Nelson (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The primary goal of this book is to summarize and synthesize recent advances in the biological study of aggression. Other than maternal aggression, most aggressive encounters among human and ... More


Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Julie L. Hall, Steven J. Stanton, and Oliver C. Schultheiss

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter we provide an overview of recent research on the biopsychological correlates of implicit motives. We review evidence for a role of gonadal steroids (testosterone and estradiol) as ... More


Neuroplasticity and Aggression: An Interaction Between Vasopressin and Serotonin

Craig F. Ferris

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter focuses on two neurochemical signals that control aggression—serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, or 5-HT) and vasopressin (VP). 5-HT and VP appear to play significant roles in the regulation ... More


Androgens and Aggression

Neal G. Simon and Shi-Fang Lu

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter utilizes conspecific, offensive aggression in males and females as model systems to exemplify androgenic influences on aggressive behavior. This form of aggression is a productive ... More


Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Ellen D. "Ketterson and Jonathan W. Atwell (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This edited volume applies concepts and approaches from integrative organismal biology and evolutionary biology to a songbird genus, Junco. Among the most common and abundant groups of songbirds in ... More


The Genetics of Aggression

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Aggression is a form of behavior with the goal of causing damage to another individual. Evolutionarily it developed in response to competition for mates or vital resources. In humans aggressive ... More


The patient presenting with androgen deficiency

Alvaro Morales

in Supportive Care for the Urology Patient

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198529415
eISBN:
9780191730344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529415.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter provides current and updated information on the care of the ageing hypogonadal man from diagnosis to treatment options and monitoring. In most cases, these aspects of care are ... More


How hormones mediate trade-offs in human health and disease

Richard G. Bribiescas and Peter T. Ellison

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Trade-offs between reproduction and maintenance can compromise health. Male hormones such as testosterone regulate energy allocation between reproductive effort and survival; this is made evident ... More


Studs, Duds, and Studly Duds: Plumage Coloration, Hormones, and Dominance

Geoffrey E. Hill

in A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the relationship between male plumage color and social status. Experiments show that red feather coloration does not function as a signal of status in either the breeding or ... More


Evolutionary perspectives on sport and competition

Diana Wiedemann, Robert A Barton, and Russell A Hill

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the theoretical and empirical research into evolutionary aspects of four complex issues of human behaviour in sports. We highlight how evolutionary approaches have promoted our ... More


A Mind Of Her Own: The Evolutionary Psychology of Women

Anne Campbell

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198504986
eISBN:
9780191584879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504986.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Current theories of evolution portray men as active individuals who forge their way forward through a mix of testosterone-fuelled competition, rivalry, and aggression. But what role is left for women ... More


Prenatal and postnatal testosterone effects on human social and emotional behavior

Bonnie Auyeung and Simon Baron-Cohen

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the role of the hormone testosterone in the development of social cognition. Research findings from human studies designed to elucidate the behavioral effects of both prenatal ... More


Gonadal steroids and memory formation

P. G. Clifton

in Neural and Behavioural Plasticity: The Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521846
eISBN:
9780191724640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews some studies that have examined the influence of gonadal steroids on the learning of the passive avoidance task, and also examines the relationship between the effects of ... More


Brain Aromatase and Territorial Aggression Across the Seasons in Male Song Sparrows

Sarah A. Heimovics, H. Bobby Fokidis, and Kiran K. Soma

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Research on free-living songbirds has revealed novel and important insights into the various contexts in which 17β-estradiol (E2) activates aggressive behavior. In the Pacific Northwest, male song ... More


Aromatase and Sexual Differentiation of the Rodent Brain: The Old, the New, and the Unexpected

Margaret M. McCarthy, Christopher L. Wright, and Anne T. M. Konkle

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The central role of neuronal aromatase activity in masculinization of the rodent brain has been firmly established for almost 40 years, yet the myriad of mechanisms by which the principal product of ... More


Inducible Aromatase in Astroglia: Protection and Recovery from Neural Perturbation in Birds

Kelli A. Duncan and Colin J. Saldanha

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

In the avian brain, aromatase is constitutive and inducible in neurons and glia respectively. Glial aromatase is rapidly and dramatically upregulated in astroglia (astrocytes and radial glia) ... More


Rapid Effects of Estradiol on Behavioral and Physiological Responses Related to Reproduction in Male Goldfish

Richmond R. Thompson and Lisa A. Mangiamele

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Although estrogens clearly have rapid, nongenomic effects on cell physiology and brain function, only a few animal models have been developed in which the behavioral consequences of those mechanisms ... More


Genetic, Sexual, and Hormonal Factors

JOHN W. RENFREW

in Aggression and Its Causes: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082302
eISBN:
9780199846894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082302.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines a study on the influence or the role of hormonal, sexual, and genetic factors in aggression. The findings reveal that genetic factors have more of a preparatory role when they ... More


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