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Introduction

Jacob N. Shapiro

in The Terrorist's Dilemma: Managing Violent Covert Organizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157214
eISBN:
9781400848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157214.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This introductory chapter discusses the importance of having a clear understanding of the organizational side of terrorism. Understanding why the managerial problems of terrorists resemble those of ... More


The Terrorist’s Dilemma

Jacob N. Shapiro

in The Terrorist's Dilemma: Managing Violent Covert Organizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157214
eISBN:
9781400848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157214.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter analyzes the fundamental organizational challenges of terrorism in greater depth. Using a wide variety of evidence, it examines why terrorist groups, since the 1880s, have struggled with ... More


Uncertainty and Control in Russia

Jacob N. Shapiro

in The Terrorist's Dilemma: Managing Violent Covert Organizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157214
eISBN:
9781400848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157214.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter analyzes the organization of pre-Revolutionary Russian terrorist groups in the 1880s and 1900s. Understanding these groups is useful in many ways. First, and most important, many of the ... More


The Terrorist's Dilemma: Managing Violent Covert Organizations

Jacob N. Shapiro

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157214
eISBN:
9781400848645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157214.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

How do terrorist groups control their members? Do the tools that groups use to monitor their operatives and enforce discipline create security vulnerabilities that governments can exploit? This is ... More


Preference Divergence and Control in Palestine

Jacob N. Shapiro

in The Terrorist's Dilemma: Managing Violent Covert Organizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157214
eISBN:
9781400848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157214.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter turns to the Middle East, assessing the organizational evolution of the main Palestinian terrorist groups from 1989 through 2005. In addition to testing hypotheses about the relationship ... More


Profiling the WMD Terrorist Threat

Jeffrey M. Bale and Gary A. Ackerman

in WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012980
eISBN:
9780262259064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012980.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter reviews existing scholarly and policy-oriented literature that addresses WMD terrorism in order to identify broader trends and assess the current WMD terrorism threat. It argues that the ... More


Liberty and Armageddon

Gifford Lectures

in The Lesser Evil

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748618729
eISBN:
9780748671892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748618729.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the acquisition by terrorist groups of weapons of mass destruction. If this were to occur, the state's ultimate powers of violence would pass into private hands, either those ... More


The Factionalization of Terror Groups

Ethan Bueno de Mesquita

in Guns and Butter: The Economic Causes and Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012812
eISBN:
9780262255387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012812.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter presents a model of the factionalization or splintering of a terrorist group in which affiliation decisions are endogenous and terrorist leaders are motivated by the desire to attract ... More


Conclusions: Doomed to Fail?

John Horgan

in Divided We Stand: The Strategy and Psychology of Ireland's Dissident Terrorists

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199772858
eISBN:
9780199307418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772858.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The dissidents take their inspiration from the past. In particular, they look to the 1916 rebellion as a model for how they need to assert Irish independence and rid Ireland of Britain’s presence ... More


Anatomy of the Red Brigades: The Religious Mind-set of Modern Terrorists

Alessandro Orsini

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449864
eISBN:
9780801460913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449864.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Red Brigades were a far-left terrorist group in Italy formed in 1970 and active all through the 1980s. Infamous around the world for a campaign of assassinations, kidnappings, and bank robberies, ... More


What is Really Changing? Change and Continuity in Global Terrorism*

Audrey Kurth Cronin

in The Changing Character of War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199596737
eISBN:
9780191803543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199596737.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses the following question: What is new, relevant, and enduring about the changing strategic environment in which al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups operate? And how will that ... More


Introduction: Worrying about WMD Terrorism

Stephen M. Maurer

in WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012980
eISBN:
9780262259064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012980.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This introductory chapter begins with a brief review of the different meanings associated with the term “WMD”. It then discusses old and new conceptions of terrorism, the common features of terrorist ... More


Legacies and Aftershocks

Fawaz A. Gerges

in The Rise and Fall of Al-Qaeda

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199790654
eISBN:
9780190252540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199790654.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter assesses the present state of the al-Qaeda organization. Al-Qaeda now consists of a collection of roving bands on the run, concentrated mainly on the Pakistan-Afghan border, its top ... More


The Bioproliferation Puzzle

Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

in Barriers to Bioweapons: The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452888
eISBN:
9780801471933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452888.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This introductory chapter explains why the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) halted Erasmus Medical Center's plan to publish a major finding about the H5N1 bird flu. The Erasmus ... More


Lebanon

in Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226645605
eISBN:
9780226645643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645643.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter, which examines suicide terrorism campaigns in Lebanon and their relation to Israel's military occupation of the country, analyzes the origins of the conflict, the trajectory of suicide ... More


Conclusion: “It Sends Its Bloodhounds Everywhere”

Christopher J. Fuller

in See It/Shoot It: The Secret History of the CIA's Lethal Drone Program

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300218541
eISBN:
9780300227673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218541.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This concluding chapter examines the legacy of the CIA's drone war on U.S. counterterrorism, wider U.S. national security policy, and the conduct of America's rivals—both nation-states and terrorist ... More


Allah Online: Practices in Cyberspace

Bruce B. Lawrence

in Who Is Allah?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620039
eISBN:
9781469623276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620039.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines some of the opportunities, but also some of the dangers, of searching for deeper insight into Allah on the World Wide Web. The Information Age has fundamentally provided ... More


The Rise of Al-Qaeda

Fawaz A. Gerges

in The Rise and Fall of Al-Qaeda

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199790654
eISBN:
9780190252540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199790654.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter traces the roots and development of al-Qaeda. Al-Qaeda became an operationally organized, independent, and centralized transnational group only in the second half of the 1990s. It ... More


Decline and Fall

Fawaz A. Gerges

in The Rise and Fall of Al-Qaeda

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199790654
eISBN:
9780190252540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199790654.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter assesses the factors contributing to the decline of al-Qaeda. These include the rounding up of bin Laden's men in various countries; bin Laden's relationship with Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, ... More


The Growing Rift

Fawaz A. Gerges

in The Rise and Fall of Al-Qaeda

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199790654
eISBN:
9780190252540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199790654.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes the growing rift between domestic and transnational jihadis who sought to internationalize jihad. Al-Qaeda's transnational jihad was embraced by a tiny minority within the ... More


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