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Animal Osmoregulation

Timothy J. Bradley

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Water is fundamental to life and to the maintenance of an appropriate environment for physiological functions at the molecular, cellular, and organismal level. Water balance is also the principal ... More


 A Light in the Darkness: Carl Sagan

Carl Sagan

in Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195310726
eISBN:
9780199785179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310726.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Carl Sagan is a public intellectual and the best-selling author of Cosmos, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark, The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human ... More


The Biology of Polar Regions

D.N. Thomas, G.E. Fogg, P. Convey, C.H. Fritsen, J.-M. Gili, R. Gradinger, J. Laybourn-Parry, K. Reid, and D.W.H. Walton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

There is now an increased awareness of the importance of polar regions in the Earth system, as well as their vulnerability to anthropogenic derived change, including of course global climate change. ... More


Periglacial and terrestrial habitats in polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the terrestrial ecosystems of the Arctic and Antarctic. It begins discussing some of their physical and chemical characteristics and then subsequent subsections detail the ... More


Terrestrial Food Chain Pathways: Concepts and Models

Ward F. Whicker and Arthur S. Rood

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter presents the fundamental processes that govern transport of radionuclides in the terrestrial environment, the assumptions underlying the mathematical models used to estimate radionuclide ... More


Behavioral Ecology of Semiterrestrial Crayfish

Alastair M.M. Richardson

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Like a number of the other crustaceans, burrowing crayfish live in a situation that tends to lead to prolonged associations between mother and offspring, and even overlapping generations in some ... More


Animal architects as ecosystem engineers Animal architects as ecosystem engineers

Mike Hansell

in Animal Architecture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507529
eISBN:
9780191709838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507529.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter deals with the subject of builders at the community level. It assesses whether animal builders are important ecosystem engineers, and whether they support the concept of keystone ... More


Overexploitation

Carlos A. Peres

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this Chapter, Carlos A. Peres highlights the effects of human exploitation of terrestrial and aquatic biomes on biodiversity. Human exploitation of biological commodities involves resource ... More


Radiation and Climate

Ilias Vardavas and Frederic Taylor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This book deals with the theory of atmospheric radiation and radiation transfer, and its application to current problems related to the processes that maintain the global climate of the Earth. It ... More


Consequences of species loss for ecosystem functioning: meta-analyses of data from biodiversity experiments

Bernhard Schmid, Patricia Balvanera, Bradley J. Cardinale, Jasmin Godbold, Andrea B. Pfisterer, David Raffaelli, Martin Solan, and Diane S. Srivastava

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

A large number of studies have now explicitly examined the relationship between species loss and ecosystem function. Analyzed by two independent groups, the results from such experiments show that ... More


Synthesis and Conclusion

Michel Laurin

in How Vertebrates Left the Water

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266476
eISBN:
9780520947986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266476.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This concluding chapter summarizes the data on the reconstruction of the history of the conquest of land by vertebrates, arguing that all known Devonian stegocephalians were primitively aquatic and ... More


Nature

Anthony Ossa-Richardson

in The Devil's Tabernacle: The Pagan Oracles in Early Modern Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157115
eISBN:
9781400846597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157115.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter considers reactions against the conventional view of the oracles as they appear in theories of natural causation. Natural cause is defined as one that does not depend on created spirits. ... More


Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book deals with neutrino physics and astrophysics — a field in which some of the most exciting recent developments in particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology took place. The book discusses ... More


PLANETARY EVOLUTION AND COMPARATIVE CLIMATOLOGY

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter looks at climate change in the broader planetary sense. It examines evolutionary process in planetary atmospheres, with an application to the modelling of the evolution of the Earth's ... More


Aristotle On Deformed Animal Kinds

Charlotte Witt

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

There is a surprising number of deformed animal kinds mentioned in Aristotle’s biological works. The number is surprising because, according to the standard understanding of deformed animals in ... More


Terrestrial Lessons: The Conquest of the World as Globe

Sumathi Ramaswamy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476575
eISBN:
9780226476742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226476742.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Terrestrial Lessons is an unconventional history of a commonplace object we moderns have likely encountered at some point of time in our lives, especially as school-going children. For the last half ... More


Unification and the Moon‐Test (Propositions 3 and 4 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It reviews Newton’s argument for the claim that the moon is maintained in its orbit by an inverse-square force directed toward the earth. It introduces Newton’s moon-test argument for identifying the ... More


Trio of Ideas

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Since ancient times, three key ideas have dominated the search for extraterrestrial civilizations (SETI): an infinite universe, life on distant planets in the universe, and advanced civilizations in ... More


Teleology and Elements

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Did Aristotle consider the properties of the elements to be teleologically explicable? According to some commentators, he did not, but considered these to operate according to material, moving, or ... More


Introduction

Richard D. Bardgett and T. Hefin Jones

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the four chapters in Section 4. Chapter 4.1 considers how climate change can impact on soils and ecosystem services. Chapter 4.2 illustrates how terrestrial ... More


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