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The Seven Tengu Scrolls: Evil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism

Haruko Wakabayashi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834166
eISBN:
9780824869700
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book is a study of visual and textual images of the mythical creature tengu from the late Heian (897–1185) to the late Kamakura (1185–1333) periods. Popularly depicted as half-bird, half-human ... More


Sacred Space Is Alive and Well and Living in Japan

Heine Steven

in Sacred High City, Sacred Low City: A Tale of Religious Sites in Two Tokyo Neighborhoods

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195386202
eISBN:
9780199918362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386202.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter offers a critical analysis of the role of sacred space in relation to secular Tokyo in order to better understand the significance of the fundamental contradiction concerning practice ... More


When Tengu Talk: Hirata Atsutane’s Ethnography of the Other World

Wilburn Hansen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832094
eISBN:
9780824869304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832094.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Hirata Atsutane (1776–1843) has been the subject of numerous studies that focus on his importance to nationalist politics and Japanese intellectual and social history. Although well known as an ... More


Manipulating the Medium: Separating the Sanjin from the Tengu

Wilburn Hansen

in When Tengu Talk: Hirata Atsutane’s Ethnography of the Other World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832094
eISBN:
9780824869304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832094.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter illustrates the Other World that Atsutane helped Torakichi describe. In many ways, the Other World was supposed to be the same as the revealed world, but it was important that Torakichi ... More


A New Medium for an Old Message

Wilburn Hansen

in When Tengu Talk: Hirata Atsutane’s Ethnography of the Other World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832094
eISBN:
9780824869304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832094.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This introductory chapter provides a background of Hirata Atsutane’s Senkyō ibun, which he wrote in 1822. Senkyō ibun is a voluminous work centered upon Atsutane’s interviews with the so-called ... More


From Malign Spirit to Manifestation of Ma

Haruko Wakabayashi

in The Seven Tengu Scrolls: Evil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834166
eISBN:
9780824869700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the transformation of tengu from a possessing spirit rooted in indigenous folk beliefs to a symbol of ma that can only be conquered by Buddhist monks. One of the most famous ... More


Structure and Relationship to Existing Variant Scrolls

Haruko Wakabayashi

in The Seven Tengu Scrolls: Evil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834166
eISBN:
9780824869700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter explores the Tengu zoshi's general content, attempting to grasp their overall structure and composition in light of other surviving variant texts. The Tengu zoshi consists of seven ... More


Critique of Kamakura Buddhism

Haruko Wakabayashi

in The Seven Tengu Scrolls: Evil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834166
eISBN:
9780824869700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter discusses the use of tengu images to critique Buddhism during the Kamakura. A careful look at the scrolls reveals that the author makes distinctions between anti-Buddhist and tengudo ... More


The Onjōji Scroll and the Question of Authorship

Haruko Wakabayashi

in The Seven Tengu Scrolls: Evil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834166
eISBN:
9780824869700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter addresses the question of the authorship of the Tengu zoshi. Although attributing the scrolls to a specific individual may not be possible, an attempt to identify the author may reveal ... More


The Definition of Ma

Haruko Wakabayashi

in The Seven Tengu Scrolls: Evil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834166
eISBN:
9780824869700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter considers the meaning of ma as presented in the scrolls through an analysis of visual and textual representations of tengu. The thirteenth century saw the rise of “original enlightenment ... More


Conclusion

Haruko Wakabayashi

in The Seven Tengu Scrolls: Evil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834166
eISBN:
9780824869700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This concluding chapter reviews the meaning of tengu and discusses in broader context how ma, the Buddhist concept of evil, is socially constructed—not only to explain problems that exist in the ... More


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