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Aristotle's Theory of Form

David Bostock

in Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay is a résumé of all the ways in which Aristotle uses his notion of form in books, which one thinks of as ‘preceding’ the Metaphysics (in order of exposition, if not in order of ... More


Socrates' Speech: The Aim of Erōs

Frisbee C. C. Sheffield

in Plato's Symposium: The Ethics of Desire

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286775
eISBN:
9780191713194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286775.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines Socrates' account of the aim of eros. At different points in his speech, Socrates specifies three aims of eros: the good, reproduction in beauty, and immortality. This chapter ... More


Hermeneutics and Holiness

Merold Westphal

in Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199203567
eISBN:
9780191708190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203567.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

As an alternative to ‘analytic theology’, a ‘continental’ approach is presented in this chapter. The possibility that phenomenology, especially a phenomenology that has taken the hermeneutical turn, ... More


In Action

Tilo Schabert

in The Second Birth: On the Political Beginnings of Human Existence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226038056
eISBN:
9780226185156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226185156.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Human beings exist only as beings in action. As Pascal and Plato show, human existence, in contrast to the uniformity and unchangeableness of divine life, is constant movement and change. The great ... More


Beginnings And Ends

Geoffrey Bennington

in Not Half No End: Militantly Melancholic Essays in Memory of Jacques Derrida

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639854
eISBN:
9780748652105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639854.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter briefly discusses the ‘beginnings’ and ‘ends’ in Derrida's thinking. It introduces the concept of metaphysics, which tries to bring things back to a simple origin point. It also ... More


The Structure of Virtue

Julia Annas

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines two issues relative to providing a rich notion of virtue of epistemology: (i) the connection between virtue and skill; and (ii) the relation of virtue to success. It argues that ... More


The Final Good for Man

W.F.R. Hardie

in Aristotle's Ethical Theory

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246329
eISBN:
9780191680953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246329.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle, in describing the nature of his inquiry, tries to persuade his hearers to accept at the outset the doctrine that there is one supreme end of action, a final good for man. He seems to ... More


Uplifting Ethiopia in America: Conversion, Self-Consciousness, and the Figure of Ethiopia

Roy Kay

in The Ethiopian Prophecy in Black American Letters

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813037325
eISBN:
9780813041582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037325.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter examines how the figural readings of Psalm 68:31 address the figure of the Negro as a defective human being. In response to white American and Western European discourse of Negro ... More


Biological and Psychological Foundations of the Quest

Robert M. Torrance

in The Spiritual Quest: Transcendence in Myth, Religion, and Science

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520081321
eISBN:
9780520920163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520081321.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Religion as process is one source of the spiritual quest, suggesting that the individual's search, idiosyncratic though it may sometimes seem, gives intensified direction to an impetus shared in some ... More


Genealogy, History, and the Work Of Fiction

Jason K. Winfree

in Styles of Piety: Practicing Philosophy after the Death of God

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225002
eISBN:
9780823237081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225002.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Modern philosophy is increasingly concerned with the so-called genealogy of philosophical thought. This phenomenon begs the question of the genealogy of philosophy's ... More


Journey's End: Towards an Anthropology of the Way

Annmarie Hughes

in Islam, Christianity and the Mystic Journey: A Comparative Exploration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640829
eISBN:
9780748653263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640829.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter draws together the semiotic thread of the previous discussions by highlighting three realms of signification which have been of particular importance to the mystical authors discussed in ... More


To Flourish or Destruct: A Personalist Theory of Human Goods, Motivations, Failure, and Evil

Christian Smith

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226231952
eISBN:
9780226232003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226232003.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This book advances a personalist account of human beings to help us better understand and explain human persons, motivations, interests, and the social life to which they give rise. It offers an ... More


Hospice and Palliative Medicine’s Attempt at an Art of Dying

Farr A. Curlin

in Dying in the Twenty-First Century: Toward a New Ethical Framework for the Art of Dying Well

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029124
eISBN:
9780262328579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029124.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Farr Curlin takes up Latham’s argument from chapter 3 that not all deaths can be considered “good.” Curlin explores current practices of hospice and palliative medicine and shows how they both ... More


Virtue and Identity

Christopher A. Ford

in China Looks at the West: Identity, Global Ambitions, and the Future of Sino-American Relations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813165400
eISBN:
9780813165424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165400.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter looks at how the United States was viewed by Chinese elites from the beginning of close European contact during the Qing dynasty up through the early 1900s. It provides a brief ... More


Introduction

Christopher A. Ford

in China Looks at the West: Identity, Global Ambitions, and the Future of Sino-American Relations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813165400
eISBN:
9780813165424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165400.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces, in broad strokes, what the individual chapters will cover in detail. It focuses on the official narrative put forward by the Chinese Communist Party to illuminate the ... More


Introduction

Christian Smith

in To Flourish or Destruct: A Personalist Theory of Human Goods, Motivations, Failure, and Evil

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226231952
eISBN:
9780226232003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226232003.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

In the introduction, the author presents the motivations behind the book’s inquiry: the need to make good sense of life and the world, the need to find a correct approach to human beings that will ... More


Toward a Theory of Flourishing

Christian Smith

in To Flourish or Destruct: A Personalist Theory of Human Goods, Motivations, Failure, and Evil

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226231952
eISBN:
9780226232003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226232003.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter develops personalism on the question of the purpose of human life, which the author argues is human flourishing. The six basic goods mentioned in chapter 5 are here said to serve this ... More


The Meaning of Evolution: The Morphological Construction and Ideological Reconstruction of Darwin's Theory

Robert J. Richards

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226712024
eISBN:
9780226712055
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226712055.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Did Darwin see evolution as progressive, directed toward producing ever more advanced forms of life? Most contemporary scholars say no. This author says yes, and argues that current perspectives on ... More


A Different Approach: Virtue Ethics

Rebecca Gordon

in Mainstreaming Torture: Ethical Approaches in the Post-9/11 United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199336432
eISBN:
9780199373291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199336432.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores an approach that allows us to understand how institutionalized state torture not only attacks individual and social bodies but also distorts the character of all those who make ... More


Inclusion and Political Culture: Projects of Civic Reconciliation and Reintegration beyond Nakone and Dikaia

Benjamin Gray

in Stasis and Stability: Exile, the Polis, and Political Thought, c. 404–146 BC

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198729778
eISBN:
9780191796470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729778.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter investigates Greek ideas and practices connected with civic reconciliation, and reintegration of exiles, beyond the examples from Nakone and Dikaia studied in Chapter 1. It studies the ... More


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