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Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

David Bostock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The book features a collection of ten essays on themes from Aristotle’s Physics. Six of these have been previously published, and four are newly written for this volume. The first five essays are ... More


Kant's Arguments for His Formula of Universal Law

Derek Parfit

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the structure of the argument for duty in the Kantian context, in which it was most influentially formed. Kant notoriously argues that the supreme principle of morality must be ... More


Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action

Gideon Yaffe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199268559
eISBN:
9780191601415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926855X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Manifest Activity examines Thomas Reid's efforts to provide answers to a host of traditional philosophical questions concerning the nature of the will, the powers of human beings, motivation, and the ... More


Things That Happen Because They Should: A Teleological Approach to Action

Rowland Stout

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240631
eISBN:
9780191680212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240631.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers have usually argued that the right way to explain people's actions is in terms of their beliefs and intentions rather than in terms of objective facts. This book takes the opposite line. ... More


Nature, Change, and Agency in Aristotle's Physics: A philosophical study

Sarah Waterlow

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246534
eISBN:
9780191680984
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246534.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book examines Aristotle’s concept of natural substance and its implications for change, process, agency, teleology, mathematical continuity, and eternal motion. It illustrates the conceptual ... More


Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Intelligent Design (ID) thinking and older style creationism argue that evolution by natural selection is an incorrect theory. This book demonstrates that in doing so, neocreationism (Intelligent ... More


Traditional Political Realism and the Writing of History

Roger D. Spegele

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Part Two of the book begins with a discussion of realist and English School of International Relations approaches to writing international history, in which the author argues that the appreciation of ... More


The Cement of the Universe: A Study of Causation

J. L. Mackie

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246428
eISBN:
9780191597954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246420.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book, J. L. Mackie makes a careful study of several philosophical issues involved in his account of causation. Mackie follows Hume's distinction between causation as a concept and causation ... More


Aristotle on Teleology in Nature

David Bostock

in Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay begins by approving Aristotle’s general argument for teleology in Physics II.8. It then explores his use of teleological explanations in the biological works, distinguishing his practice ... More


Self, Value, and Narrative: A Kierkegaardian Approach

Anthony Rudd

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660049
eISBN:
9780191744976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660049.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

This book defends an account of the self it calls the NEST (Narrative, Evaluative, Self-Constitutive, Teleological) theory. It argues that the self, rather than being a wholly given entity, at least ... More


Kant's Account of Freedom

Michelle Kosch

in Freedom and Reason in Kant, Schelling, and Kierkegaard

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199289110
eISBN:
9780191604003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289115.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter outlines Kant’s theory of freedom, his approach to the problem of freedom and determinism, and his account of the unity of reason.


Retrospect and Prospect

BRENT WATERS

in The Family in Christian Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271962
eISBN:
9780191709883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271962.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter summarizes the analyses and criticisms of the preceding chapters, and identifies the key themes to be developed in the following chapters. The chief argument to be developed in ... More


Alternative Conceptual Themes

BRENT WATERS

in The Family in Christian Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271962
eISBN:
9780191709883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271962.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter initiates the book's constructive task by developing alternative philosophical, theological, and moral themes to those offered by late liberalism. The first section uses Herman ... More


The Teleological Ordering of the Family

Brent Waters

in The Family in Christian Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271962
eISBN:
9780191709883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271962.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes the normative contours of the family with respect to its teleological and eschatological orientation toward broader spheres of social and political affinities. The principal ... More


e i g h t The Only Possible Argument The Culmination of the Precritical Project

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s third book, The Only Possible Argument in Support of a Demonstration of God’s Existence (1764). Section 1 surveys Kant’s development after his professorial thesis (1756): ... More


Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality

Douglas W. Portmore

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794539
eISBN:
9780199919260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Commonsense Consequentialism is a book about morality, rationality, and the interconnections between the two. In it, Douglas W. Portmore defends a version of consequentialism that both ... More


Aristotle's Conception of Final Causality

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Starting from the premise that Aristotelian explanation proceeds via the concepts of natures and potentials (and not, say, laws), this chapter argues that for Aristotle the generation of a living ... More


Grades of communication

Ronald de Sousa

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Philosophers interested in meaning have tended to look at the extremes of mere causality on one side and full fledged ‘non-natural meaning’ in human language on the other. But the former (though not ... More


Function and Destiny

Ronald de Sousa

in Why Think?: Evolution and the Rational Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189858
eISBN:
9780199868377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189858.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Adaptation of organs to their function, and of organisms to their ecological niches, is a particularly striking feature of the living world. The observation of this, however, often encourages a hasty ... More


Judaism and Natural Law: Some Background Considerations

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes some of the most important medieval conceptions of natural law as background to considering whether Jewish moral thought involves natural law elements and why that might ... More


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