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Foreword: Toward an Era of Longevity and Wealth

Robert W. Fogel

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This foreword provides an overview of demographic development during the past three centuries, as life expectancy and per-capita growth of GDP have increased dramatically. Due to the intense ... More


Science, Technological Advance and Economic Growth

Richard R. Nelson and Nathan Rosenberg

in The Dynamic Firm: The Role of Technology, Strategy, Organization, and Regions

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296041
eISBN:
9780191596070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296045.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Approaches the firm from the perspective of its critical role in contributing to overall economic growth, addressing the broad question of technological advance and how it comes about. The ... More


Globalization and National Government Policies: An Economist's View

Richard G. Lipsey

in Governments, Globalization, and International Business

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296058
eISBN:
9780191596209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296053.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The view of globalization taken in this chapter is that it is but a subset of the immense number of structural adjustments that the world is undergoing as a result of the evolution of a related group ... More


Governments and the Macro‐Organization of Economic Activity: A Historical and Spatial Perspective

John H. Dunning

in Governments, Globalization, and International Business

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296058
eISBN:
9780191596209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296053.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter has two main tasks. The first is to trace the lineage of academic writings since the time of Adam Smith on the respective roles of markets, hierarchies, inter‐firm alliances, and ... More


Humanizing Technology

Felice Davidson Perlmutter, Darlyne Bailey, and F. Ellen Netting

in Managing Human Resources in the Human Services: Supervisory Challenges

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195137071
eISBN:
9780199865611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137071.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter focuses on how the workplace is being transformed through technological change. It argues that a critical function the managerial supervisor must perform is to humanize technology. This ... More


Technology, Humanitarian Concern, and International Weapons Law

William H. Boothby

in Weapons and the Law of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199569946
eISBN:
9780191705250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569946.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the tensions that are at work in determining what the law should be in relation to weapons and how that law has developed. The importance of technology as a factor in securing ... More


The Architecture of Globalization: State Sovereignty in a Networked Global Economy

Stephen J. Kobrin

in Governments, Globalization, and International Business

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296058
eISBN:
9780191596209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296053.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Stephen Kobrin looks directly at the impact of globalization on the sovereignty of nation states. He, like Richard Lipsey in Ch. 3, sees globalization as the structural fusion of economic activity ... More


Managing Competitive Global Banking Firms

Roy C. Smith, Ingo Walter, and Gayle Delong

in Global Banking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195335934
eISBN:
9780199932146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335934.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter discusses the evolution of the financial services industry in order to determine future opportunities and challenges. In the past, because of deregulation, technological advances, and ... More


Economic Growth

GREGORY C. CHOW

in Dynamic Economics: Optimization by the Lagrange Method

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195101928
eISBN:
9780199855032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101928.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Through dynamic programming, the Bellman equation could be set up from a simple optimal growth model that is subject to a constraint function which involves variables that denote consumption, capital ... More


Are World Financial Markets More Open? If So, Why and With What Effects?

Tariq Banuri and Juliet B. Schor (eds)

in Financial Openness and National Autonomy: Opportunities and Constraints

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283645
eISBN:
9780191684463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283645.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since the Second World War ended, it has been generally accepted that the world's financial markets have evidently become more open because of the various technological advances in terms of ... More


Managing Capital Surges in Emerging Economies

Stephany Griffith-Jones, Manuel F. Montes, and Anwar Nasution

in Short-Term Capital Flows and Economic Crises

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296867
eISBN:
9780191685286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296867.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Because of technological advances in terms of communications, and because of the liberalization of capital accounts, private capital flows experienced rapid growth at the end of the 20th century ... More


Introduction: The Organization and Finance of Innovation in American History

Naomi R. Lamoreaux and Kenneth L. Sokoloff

in Financing Innovation in the United States, 1870 to the Present

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122894
eISBN:
9780262277884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122894.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explores and studies innovation over American economic history. The U.S. economy itself is seen to have a relatively continuous track record of rates of technological change; however ... More


Financing Innovation in the United States, 1870 to the Present

Naomi R Lamoreaux and Kenneth L Sokoloff (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122894
eISBN:
9780262277884
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122894.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Although technological change is vital for economic growth, the interaction of finance and technological innovation is rarely studied. This book examines the ways in which innovation is funded in the ... More


Advances in Science, Technology, and Engineering

Calestous Juma

in The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190237233
eISBN:
9780190237264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190237233.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, International Relations and Politics

African countries are faced with enormous technological challenges, but they also have access to a large pool of scientific and technical knowledge, giving them certain latecomer advantages. Current ... More


Psycholinguistics in our time

Anne Cutler

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyses developments in the field of psycholinguistics during the past fifty years. It describes the history of psycholinguistics and its formative influences. It suggests that the ... More


Afterword

Naomi R. Lamoreaux and Kenneth L. Sokoloff

in Financing Innovation in the United States, 1870 to the Present

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122894
eISBN:
9780262277884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122894.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This Afterword consolidates and summarizes the findings revealed by the studies and analyses undergone throughout the book. It concludes that innovation is even more important in today’s globalized ... More


Agricultural Innovation

Tiffany Shih and Brian Wright

in Accelerating Energy Innovation: Insights from Multiple Sectors

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226326832
eISBN:
9780226326856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226326856.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides an overview of innovative policies for agriculture, with the purpose of highlighting aspects of interest to the energy sector. It also presents a summary of global agricultural ... More


What Does Global Expansion of Higher Education Mean for the United States?

Richard B. Freeman

in American Universities in a Global Market

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226110448
eISBN:
9780226110455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226110455.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The global expansion of higher education eroded the United States' position as the country with the most highly educated workforce, and potentially endangers its lead in science and technology. In ... More


Outstripped by Unknowns: Intervention and the Pace of Technology

Daniel B. Klein

in Knowledge and Coordination: A Liberal Interpretation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199355327
eISBN:
9780190261313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199355327.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter deals with the advance of technology that reinforces the case against intervention and control. It focuses on the main argument that the pace of unknowns will outstrip the pace of ... More


Making Harlem Black: Race, Place, and History in “African Americans' Africa”

in Harlemworld: Doing Race and Class in Contemporary Black America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226389981
eISBN:
9780226390000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390000.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Harlem first suggested itself to the author as a full-fledged field site in Jamaica, West Indies. Recent anthropological and geographical examinations of contemporary time–space compression ... More


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