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On Unification: Taking Technical Functions as Objective (and Biological Functions as Subjective)

Pieter E. Vermaas

in Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113212
eISBN:
9780262255271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113212.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter focuses on another aspect that divides biological from artifactual functions. It describes how theories that analyze functions of technical artifacts in terms of beliefs of agents can be ... More


Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives

Ulrich Krohs and Peter Kroes (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113212
eISBN:
9780262255271
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113212.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The notion of function is an integral part of thinking in both biology and technology; biological organisms and technical artifacts are both ascribed functionality. Yet the concept of function is ... More


Technical Artifacts, Engineering Practice, and Emergence

Peter Kroes

in Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113212
eISBN:
9780262255271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113212.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter is concerned with the topic of emergent properties of technical artifacts. It suggests that three issues related to the occurrence of emergent features in technical systems are ... More


Philosophical Perspectives on Organismic and Artifactual Functions

Ulrich Krohs and Peter Kroes

in Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113212
eISBN:
9780262255271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113212.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This book tries to elaborate the functionality of biological organisms and of technical artifacts. It also presents proper philosophical analyses of the concept of function from a perspective that ... More


A Device-Oriented Definition of Functions of Artifacts and Its Perspectives

Yoshinobu Kitamura and Riichiro Mizoguchi

in Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113212
eISBN:
9780262255271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113212.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter demonstrates that in spite of the importance of the notion of function for engineering practice there is no common interpretation of it. It proposes a device-oriented definition of ... More


The Open Border: Two Cases of Concept Transfer from Organisms to Artifacts

Wybo Houkes

in Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113212
eISBN:
9780262255271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113212.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter evaluates two different approaches of transferring evolutionary concepts to the explanation of technical artifacts. It argues that the “conflict image” of selected and intended functions ... More


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