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The Mexican Dependency Problem

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at the emergence of the perception of a “Mexican dependency problem,” which gained early traction in Los Angeles. Prior to the 1920s, social workers in the city were cautiously ... More


Risk Transfer in Public Pension Plans

Olivia S. Mitchell and Kent Smetters

in The Pension Challenge: Risk Transfers and Retirement Income Security

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266913
eISBN:
9780191601323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266913.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter shows that existing pension actuarial methods transfer risk away from early generations towards later generations. This causes equal expected costs to appear as unequal risk-adjusted ... More


Putting the business into the NHS

Heather Shearer

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

In tax-funded systems such as the NHS, it is important that money is used wisely. NHS services are accountable to the public for the judicious use of funds. This chapter discusses how money flows ... More


Learning to Love Form 1040: Two Cheers for the Return-Based Mass Income Tax

Lawrence Zelenak

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226018928
eISBN:
9780226019086
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226019086.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

No one likes paying taxes, much less the process of filing tax returns. For years, would-be reformers have advocated replacing the return-based mass income tax with a flat tax, federal sales tax, or ... More


. Prices, Profits, and Government: Gas and Telegraph in the Late Nineteenth Century

James Foreman-Peck and Robert Millward

in Public and Private Ownership of British Industry 1820–1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203599
eISBN:
9780191675881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203599.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The political importance of the 20th-century consumer and taxpayer is such that firms, whatever their ownership forms, tread a narrow line between high prices, high profits, and ‘exploitation’ on the ... More


Trimming the Data on Nuclear Costs

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 3 reveals that atomic energy is also very expensive. This chapter surveys all 30 recent nuclear-electricity cost analyses to show that all the ... More


The Taxpaying Unit

Avi-Yonah Reuven, Nicola Sartori, and Omri Marian

in Global Perspectives on Income Taxation Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195321357
eISBN:
9780199893690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321357.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Public International Law

This chapter addresses issues related to the identification of the taxable subject for individual income tax purposes. A taxable subject can be defined as a taxpaying unit (individuals, married ... More


Financial Accountability

Ian Leigh

in Law, Politics, and Local Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198256984
eISBN:
9780191681714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198256984.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter deals with financial accountability. It includes a look at the treatment of the local contribution to local government finance; rates, community charge, and council tax; the interaction ... More


The Pittsburgh Teacher Strike of 1975–76 and the Crisis of the Labor-Liberal Coalition

Jon Shelton

in Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.003.0006
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter documents the nation’s longest and most contentious teacher strike in the immediate wake of the New York City fiscal crisis of 1975, after which New York and many other cities were ... More


The “Fed-up Taxpayer”: St. Louis, Philadelphia, and the Eclipse of the Labor-Liberal Coalition

Jon Shelton

in Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter chronicles the new reality faced by urban teacher unions after the emergence of austerity regimes in many American cities. It charts teacher strikes in St. Louis (1979) and Philadelphia ... More


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