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Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind

Geoffrey Lloyd

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214617
eISBN:
9780191706493
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214617.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents a study of the problems posed by the unity and diversity of the human mind. On the one hand, as humans we all share broadly the same anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and certain ... More


The Natural Kinds of Animals and Plants

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214617
eISBN:
9780191706493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214617.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the lack of a definitive taxonomy for either animals or plants. It is argued that there are conflicts between the ‘common-sense’ taxonomy advanced by some universalists and the ... More


Conclusion

Crawford Gribben

in God's Irishmen: Theological Debates in Cromwellian Ireland

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195325317
eISBN:
9780199785605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325317.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter summarizes the argument of the book and offers a number of concluding reflections of more general significance. It argues that the theological debates cannot be explained by the emerging ... More


Explaining Informal Accords

Jeffrey Stacey

in Integrating Europe: Informal Politics and Institutional Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199584765
eISBN:
9780191723506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584765.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This is the first of four chapters that present the evidence for testing the book's theory. The chapter begins by briefly discussing the book's methodology, before constructing a comprehensive test ... More


Historical Fingerprints? A Taxonomy of Norwegian Innovation

Fulvio Castellacci, Tommy H. Clausen, Svein Olav Nås, and Bart Verspagen

in Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551552
eISBN:
9780191720819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Innovation

This chapter presents an empirical analysis of the patterns of innovation, economic structure, and industrial dynamics that characterize the Norwegian system at present. It investigates whether the ... More


Photosynthetic Pigments: Chlorophylls, Carotenoids, and Phycobilins

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the primary photosynthetic pigments used in absorbing photosynthetically active radiation, which include chlorophylls, carotenoids, and phycobilins—with chlorophyll representing ... More


Personal Value

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603787
eISBN:
9780191729294
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603787.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Certain things, like justice, have impersonal value, other things carry personal values: they have value for some person rather than have value, period. The philosophical literature as well as ... More


Human Cognitive Capabilities, Representativeness, and Ground Rules for Research

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that the rejection of human capability to perform probabilistic tasks is extremely premature. Studies which are often cited as showing that people perform such tasks poorly can be ... More


Taxonomies

Colin Dayan

in The Law Is a White Dog: How Legal Rituals Make and Unmake Persons

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691070919
eISBN:
9781400838592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691070919.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter describes how Herman Melville recognized the existence of what he had once called not “ordinarily human”: the chattels that gave new meaning to persons, the human anomaly constituted by ... More


The Red Colobus Monkeys: Variation in Demography, Behavior, and Ecology of Endangered Species

Thomas T. Struhsaker

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780198529583
eISBN:
9780191712746
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529583.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Based on field studies spanning nearly 40 years, this reference book summarizes and integrates past research with new and previously unpublished information on the behavioral ecology of Africa's red ... More


TAXONOMY AND DISTRIBUTION

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter examines the taxonomic relationships of the genus Passer, as well as the species boundaries of the House Sparrow with particular reference to the taxonomic position of the “Italian” ... More


Age Discrimination: Richard Hannye v. General Electric Company

Roger W. Shuy

in Fighting over Words: Language and Civil Law Cases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328837
eISBN:
9780199870165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328837.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

A mid-level manager in his fifties was dismissed by a large company that provided no reasons for dismissal concerning his performance or attitude. He then brought an age discrimination case against ... More


Taxonomies of Yellow: Linnaeus, Blumenbach, and the Making of a “Mongolian” Race in the Eighteenth Century

Michael Keevak

in Becoming Yellow: A Short History of Racial Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140315
eISBN:
9781400838608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140315.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter focuses on the emergence of new sorts of human taxonomies as well as new claims about the color of all human groups, including East Asians, during the course of the eighteenth century, ... More


Dear Dr. Barbour

Frederick Rowe Davis

in The Man Who Saved Sea Turtles: Archie Carr and the Origins of Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195310771
eISBN:
9780199790098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310771.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Thomas Barbour occupied many roles in the lives of Archie and Marjorie Carr: mentor, parent figure, colleague, collaborator, benefactor, role model, and most of all, friend. Over the course of their ... More


General biology of red colobus

Thomas T. Struhsaker

in The Red Colobus Monkeys: Variation in Demography, Behavior, and Ecology of Endangered Species

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780198529583
eISBN:
9780191712746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529583.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Members of the Colobinae subfamily of Old World monkeys occur in both Africa and Asia. The red colobus monkeys are one of three major groups of colobine monkeys in Africa, that is, red, olive, and ... More


The Shape of the Natural History

Trevor Murphy

in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: The Empire in the Encyclopedia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262885
eISBN:
9780191719004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262885.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines the taxonomies upon which the Natural History is built. It shows that the central organizing principle of the encyclopaedia is to divide things into categories by contrast, but ... More


Preview

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This opening chapter sets the scene by evaluating the significance of the guppy system as a tool for investigations in evolutionary ecology. It traces the growth of studies on the guppy, and ... More


Blanford's foxes: Evolution, behavioural ecology, and conservation of Blanford's foxes

Eli Geffen

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

While the morphology typical of canids adapts them to endurance running, and consequently to life in open habitats, a few species have specialized to other habitats such as rainforests, or even to ... More


Dholes: The behavioural ecology of dholes in India

Arun B. Venkataraman and A. J. T. Johnsingh

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Research on the dhole or Asiatic wild dog (Cuon alpinus), though steadily increasing, has been less intense compared to research on the grey wolf (Canis lupus) and the African hunting dog (Lycaon ... More


Introduction

Bernhard Wälchli

in Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276219
eISBN:
9780191706042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter introduces co-compounds and their basic formal, semantic, and use-oriented (distributional) properties, as well as tight coordination patterns, such as bare binomials, which have in ... More


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