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The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice

Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150162
eISBN:
9780199833924
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150163.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In a capitalist economy, taxes are the most significant instrument by which the political system can put into practice a conception of economic justice. But conventional ideas about what constitutes ... More


Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


From Sword to Shield: The Transformation of the Corporate Income Tax, 1861 to Present

Steven A. Bank

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195326192
eISBN:
9780199775811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326192.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The U.S. corporate income tax — and in particular the double taxation of corporate income — has long been one of the most criticized and stubbornly persistent aspects of the federal revenue system. ... More


Choice and Incentive Inequality

Susan Hurley

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the implications of self-interest for equality in the context of the ‘luck egalitarian’ view that an individual’s wealth is justly owned only if it is the result of a responsible ... More


Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Sean D. Ehrlich

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Access Points develops a new theory about how democratic institutions influence policy outcomes. Access Point Theory argues that the more points of access that institutions provide to ... More


Public Economics in Action: The Basic Income/Flat Tax Proposal

A. B. Atkinson

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292166
eISBN:
9780191595875
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292163.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The book provides an introduction to the key ideas of public economics. For this purpose, it takes as a case study the proposal for a basic income financed by a flat tax on all income. This radical ... More


The Public Economics of the Environment

Agnar Sandmo

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297987
eISBN:
9780191596858
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829798X.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The book is an application of the modern theory of public economics to central issues in the design of environmental policy. Ch. 1 reviews the basic issues in a simple partial equilibrium framework. ... More


The Costs of Government

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Presents the Antifederalist objections to a stronger national government in the “fiscal‐military” sphere, with this chapter looking closely at Antifederalist objections to the federal fiscal powers ... More


A Government for Free

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Shows how the Federalists responded to the Antifederalist objections to a stronger national government in the “fiscal‐military” sphere, thereby creating an understanding of the kind of state that was ... More


Consumption Tax Policy and the Taxation of Capital Income

Raymond G. Batina and Toshihiro Ihori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297901
eISBN:
9780191685361
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297901.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The purpose of this book is to introduce the substantial literature on consumption tax policy and the taxation of capital income, the early literature on optimal tax theory in dynamic overlapping ... More


Real National Income as a Measure of General Well‐Being

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses decentralization and central guidance in relation to resource allocation. There are seven sections: (1) competitive mechanisms in the private realm; (2) the ... More


Unlimited Taxation, Public Credit, and the Strength of Government

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Provides the layout of the Federalist argument that Congress had to possess an unlimited power to raise men and money from American society without any intervention from the states. While the ... More


Politics, Economics, Class, and Taxation

Kenneth Newton and Maria A. Confalonieri

in The Scope of Government

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294740
eISBN:
9780191598838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294743.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines the economic, political, and social bases of public support for, and opposition to, the tax regimes of Western Europe, finding that the political basis outweighs the other two. The chapter ... More


Chapter Dimensions of 401(k) Plan Design

Olivia S. Mitchell, Stephen P. Utkus, and Tongxuan (Stella) Yang

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter explores why employers or plan sponsors design their 401(k) plans the way they do. Drawing on a rich dataset of over five hundred 401(k) plans, it shows that these plans are principally ... More


Digital Applications in Tax and Financial Operations

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

One of the largest and most pervasive uses of computers by all governments across the American economy has been for accounting applications. While the fundamental missions and tasks have not changed ... More


The Scope of Government

Ole Borre and Elinor Scarbrough (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294740
eISBN:
9780191598838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294743.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is the third in the ‘Beliefs in government’ series, and examines the effects of the post‐war arrival of the welfare state in the countries of Western Europe. The welfare state inaugurated a ... More


Taxes

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Tax rates and tax structures differ markedly across the rich countries, and play a key role in reducing inequality but may also reduce employment. This chapter addresses the following questions: do ... More


Why Should We Be Beggars with the Ballot in Our Hand?

Iain Mclean and Jennifer Nou

in What's Wrong with the British Constitution?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546954
eISBN:
9780191720031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546954.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

1909 Budget and Lords' veto. Land tax. Lloyd George's strategy: partial success 1909 and failure 1914. What the Permanent Secretary was up to. Parliament Act 1911 and royal vetoes. Temporary ... More


Life in a Parish

David Albert Jones

in The Clerical Profession in the Long Eighteenth Century, 1680-1840

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199213009
eISBN:
9780191707179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213009.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter describes the means by which clergy managed their glebe, whether by cultivating it themselves or letting it, and the means by which tithes were collected. It discusses the extent of ... More


Taxing Colonial Africa: The Political Economy of British Imperialism

Leigh A. Gardner

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661527
eISBN:
9780191744877
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661527.001.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History, British and Irish Modern History

How much did the British Empire cost, and how did Britain pay for it? This volume explores a source of funds much neglected in research on the financial structure of the Empire, namely revenue raised ... More


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