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Soft Innovation and Government Policy

Paul Stoneman

in Soft Innovation: Economics, Product Aesthetics, and the Creative Industries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572489
eISBN:
9780191722257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572489.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter considers policy issues. Given the potential benefits of soft innovation it is natural to consider whether government can speed up or extend such activity. However, this is not ... More


From Welfare to Work: Corporate Initiatives and Welfare Reform

Felice Davidson Perlmutter

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195110159
eISBN:
9780199865635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110159.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Social Policy

Using a case example of how Pennsylvania Blue Shield trained, hired, and retained several hundred welfare recipients on its work force, this book offers a success story and a broad discussion of ... More


Retirement Distributions and the Bequest Motive

G. Victor Hallman

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Managing retirement payouts generally revolves primarily around securing adequate retirement income and assuring the continuity of such income for as long as the retirees live. Many commentators have ... More


The Role of Individual Retirement Accounts in US Retirement Planning

Sarah Holden and Brian Reid

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

With the rising importance of individual retirement accounts (IRAs), which now total one-quarter of US retirement assets, public policy has sharpened its focus on how individuals manage those ... More


Two Strategies of Postwar Tax Policy

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Sheds light on the strategies traditionally adopted by the Japanese government concerning tax policy during the post‐war period of 1960s and 1970s.


Corporate Tax Levels and Tax Incentives

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Gives an overview of tax incentive policies, paying much attention to the role played by the government in light of the special tax measures for corporation. Also, the tax burden of the corporate ... More


Evolution of SEZ Policy in India

Aradhna Aggarwal

in Social and Economic Impact of SEZs in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077275
eISBN:
9780199081035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077275.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the evolution of the special economic zone (SEZ) policy in India through different phases of growth and critically assesses changes in the SEZ policy, from national and ... More


What Does It Take for an R&D Tax Incentive Policy to Be Effective?

Pierre Mohnen and Boris Lokshin

in Reforming Rules and Regulations: Laws, Institutions, and Implementation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014687
eISBN:
9780262289412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014687.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the theory that an effective tax incentive policy should yield a cost-effectiveness ratio, or bang for the buck, greater than one. The chapter is organized as follows. Section ... More


Private Donations for International Development

John Micklewright and Anna Wright

in New Sources of Development Finance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199278558
eISBN:
9780191601590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278555.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter starts by considering the extent to which development benefits from philanthropic effort, showing that a great deal of philanthropy in rich industrialised countries is aimed at domestic ... More


Social and Economic Impact of SEZs in India

Aradhna Aggarwal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077275
eISBN:
9780199081035
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077275.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book is a systematic analysis of the special economic zone (SEZ) programme in India. The book highlights the critical importance not just of investment in SEZs but also of investment in the ... More


Strategizing of SEZs: The Experience of China vis-à-vis Taiwan and South Korea

Aradhna Aggarwal

in Social and Economic Impact of SEZs in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077275
eISBN:
9780199081035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077275.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the special economic zone (SEZ) strategies of three Asian countries, namely, Taiwan, Korea and China through the perspectives of theory. While doing so, it reviews the ... More


Applications of the MCF in Federations

Bev Dahlby

in The Marginal Cost of Public Funds: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042505
eISBN:
9780262271141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042505.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter uses the marginal cost of public funds (MCF) to analyze three policy issues that arise in a federation. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 10.1 uses the MCF concept to analyze ... More


Industrial Policy in the Middle East and North Africa: Rethinking the Role of the State

Ahmed Galal (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774160509
eISBN:
9781617970290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774160509.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Most governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region use trade policy to protect certain industries, provide tax incentives to promote a particular type of investment, and make ... More


New York Film Production Unions Enter the Political Arena in Search of Tax Subsidies

Maria Figueroa and Lois S. Gray

in Unions and the City: Negotiating Urban Change

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781501706547
eISBN:
9781501712692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501706547.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explains how labor's preference for tax incentives is conditioned by the highly concentrated ownership structure, flexible production system, and fragmented bargaining relations that ... More


International Taxation and the Location of Inventive Activity

James R. Hines Jr. and Adam B. Jaffe

in International Taxation and Multinational Activity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226341736
eISBN:
9780226341750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226341750.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Governments typically offer very attractive tax treatment to investments in research and development (R&D), because R&D is thought to be associated with large positive economic spillovers. One of the ... More


The Carrot and the Stick: The State and Philanthropy

Pushpa Sundar

in Giving with a Thousand Hands: The Changing Face of Indian Philanthropy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199470686
eISBN:
9780199088881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199470686.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

After discussing the determinants of philanthropy among which is the policy framework, the chapter describes the history and contemporary position of the legislative and administrative framework ... More


The Taxation of Extractive Industries: Mining

James M. Otto

in Extractive Industries: The Management of Resources as a Driver of Sustainable Development

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198817369
eISBN:
9780191858871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817369.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The emphasis of this chapter is on how mines are taxed, not on how tax revenues should be used. However, it is noted that one of the influencing factors that drives fiscal system policy evolution is ... More


Assessing the Effect of Resilience Policies Directed toward Business and Individuals

Harold Wolman, Howard Wial, Travis St. Clair, and Edward Hill

in Coping with Adversity: Regional Economic Resilience and Public Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780801451690
eISBN:
9781501709494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451690.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

In chapters 5 and 6, we ask whether the most common intentional efforts to bring about recovery through public policy or civic action that we identified in the previous two chapters was likely to ... More


Promoting Renewable Energy in African Countries: An Outline of Fiscal and Financial Incentives in South Africa and Nigeria

Jan Glazewski, Lee-Ann Steenkamp, and Peter Kayode Oniemola

in Ending Africa's Energy Deficit and the Law: Achieving Sustainable Energy for All in Africa

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198819837
eISBN:
9780191860096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198819837.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter reviews the development and role of financial mechanisms and fiscal incentives in two African economic powerhouses, South Africa and Nigeria, and the two largest emitters of greenhouse ... More


Public Policy Options to Build Wealth for America’s Middle Class

Christian E. Weller and Amy Helburn

in Shared Responsibility, Shared Risk: Government, Markets and Social Policy in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199781911
eISBN:
9780190252519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781911.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines public policy options to build wealth for America's middle class, such as increasing savings rates, minimizing individual risk exposure, and lowering the costs of building ... More


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