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The Brain’s Default State: Self-Organized Oscillations in Rest and Sleep

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

In the absence of environmental inputs, such as during sleep, the brain engages in self-organized activity. The isolated neocortex, or small pieces of it, can sustain self-organized patterns. Neurons ... More


Alzheimer’s Disease–Related Mechanisms of Neuronal Dysfunction and Degeneration: Studies in Human Cortical Neurons

Jorge Busciglio and Atul Deshpande

in From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter reviews recent work illustrating the utilization of human cortical neurons for the study of molecular mechanisms of β-amyloid (Aβ) and tau-related neuronal degeneration relevant to ... More


Alzheimer’s Disease—is it Caused by Cerebrovascular Dysfunction?

Christian Humpel

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive chronic disorder characterized by β-amyloid plaques, tau pathology, cell death of cholinergic neurons, and inflammatory responses. The reasons for this ... More


Computational Aspects of Modular Forms and Galois Representations: How One Can Compute in Polynomial Time the Value of Ramanujan's Tau at a Prime (AM-176)

Bas Edixhoven and Jean-Marc Couveignes (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142012
eISBN:
9781400839001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142012.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Number Theory

Modular forms are tremendously important in various areas of mathematics, from number theory and algebraic geometry to combinatorics and lattices. Their Fourier coefficients, with Ramanujan's ... More


The SN of AD 1054

F. Richard Stephenson and David A. Green

in Historical Supernovae and their Remnants

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507666
eISBN:
9780191709876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507666.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The remnant of this SN — known as the Crab Nebula (G184.6-5.8) — has attracted more attention among radio and X-ray astronomers than any other SNR. Not only is the remnant, which contains a pulsar, ... More


Direct Measurements Of Neutrino Mass

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of direct measurements of neutrino mass with detailed treatment of beta decay, pion and tau decays, and neutrinoless double-beta decay.


The Sha Tau Kok incident and bomb attacks

Gary Ka-wai Cheung

in Hong Kong's Watershed: The 1967 Riots

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622090897
eISBN:
9789882207011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622090897.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

On July 8, a border conflict erupted in Sha Tau Kok, a New Territories village bordering Shenzhen, taking the tension to an unprecedented level. Hundreds of demonstrators gathered in the area. When ... More


April 1899: The War

Patrick H. Hase

in The Six-Day War of 1899: Hong Kong in the Age of Imperialism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098992
eISBN:
9789882207592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098992.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter starts by considering the burning of the matsheds during 3 and 14 April. The action on 15 April (Battle of Mui Shue Hang) is described. While this Battle of Mui Shue Hang was ... More


Alef, Mem, Tau: Kabbalistic Musings on Time, Truth, and Death

Elliot Wolfson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520246195
eISBN:
9780520932319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246195.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book explores the nexus of time, truth, and death in the symbolic world of medieval kabbalah. Demonstrating that the historical and theoretical relationship between kabbalah and western ... More


After Tau/ Where Eendings Begin

Elliot R. Wolfson

in Alef, Mem, Tau: Kabbalistic Musings on Time, Truth, and Death

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520246195
eISBN:
9780520932319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246195.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

A zoharic text correlates death and truth through the insight that tau, the last letter of the alphabet, seals both the words mawet, “death,” and emet, “truth.” Death opens consciousness to the ... More


Hawaiian Troubadours and the Global Reach of the Kīkā Kila

John W. Troutman

in Kika Kila: How the Hawaiian Steel Guitar Changed the Sound of Modern Music

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781469627922
eISBN:
9781469627946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627922.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, American

Relying principally on letters, scrapbooks, interviews, and other personal recollections by musicians such as Joseph Puni and Queenie and David Kaili, this chapter illuminates the experiences of ... More


Computing Chemical Reactions

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines various reactor algorithms that are frequently used in artificial chemistries. We contrast macroscopic, deterministic reaction algorithms and microscopic, stochastic reaction ... More


Numerical Simulation for Biochemical Kinetics

Daniel T. Gillespie and Linda R. Petzold

in System Modeling in Cellular Biology: From Concepts to Nuts and Bolts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195485
eISBN:
9780262257060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195485.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter discusses concepts and techniques for mathematically describing and numerically simulating chemical systems that into account discreteness and stochasticity. The chapter is organized as ... More


College and Beyond

Stephen Citron

in Jerry Herman: Poet of the Showtune

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100822
eISBN:
9780300133240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100822.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Popular

This chapter focuses on Jerry Herman's experience in college and after his graduation. It explains that Herman's education at the University of Miami taught him various aspects of the theater ... More


Introduction, main results, context

Bas Edixhoven

in Computational Aspects of Modular Forms and Galois Representations: How One Can Compute in Polynomial Time the Value of Ramanujan's Tau at a Prime (AM-176)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142012
eISBN:
9781400839001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142012.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Number Theory

This chapter provides an introduction to the subject, precise statements of the main results, and places these in a somewhat wider context. Topics discussed include statement of the main results, ... More


Polynomials for projective representations of level one forms

Johan Bosman

in Computational Aspects of Modular Forms and Galois Representations: How One Can Compute in Polynomial Time the Value of Ramanujan's Tau at a Prime (AM-176)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142012
eISBN:
9781400839001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142012.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Number Theory

This chapter explicitly computes mod-ℓ Galois representations attached to modular forms. To be precise, it looks at cases with l ≤ 23, and the modular forms considered will be cusp forms of level 1 ... More


Computing coefficients of modular forms

Bas Edixhoven

in Computational Aspects of Modular Forms and Galois Representations: How One Can Compute in Polynomial Time the Value of Ramanujan's Tau at a Prime (AM-176)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142012
eISBN:
9781400839001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142012.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, Number Theory

This chapter applies the main result on the computation of Galois representations attached to modular forms of level one to the computation of coefficients of modular forms. It treats the case of the ... More


The Gathering Place of Men (Mangaia, Cook Islands, 1989–1991)

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in Unearthing the Polynesian Past: Explorations and Adventures of an Island Archaeologist

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824853457
eISBN:
9780824868345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824853457.003.0017
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter talks about the research conducted in Mangaia, southernmost of the Cook Islands, and the results thereof—particularly at the Tangata-tau rockshelter. Here, the chapter marks a turning ... More


Quantum spin chains and classical integrable systems

Anton Zabrodin

in Stochastic Processes and Random Matrices: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 104, July 2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198797319
eISBN:
9780191838774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797319.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter is a review of the recently established quantum-classical correspondence for integrable systems based on the construction of the master T-operator. For integrable inhomogeneous quantum ... More


Christograms as Signs of Authority in the Late Roman Empire

Ildar Garipzanov

in Graphic Signs of Authority in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, 300-900

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198815013
eISBN:
9780191852848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815013.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Historiography

The first section tests the main interpretations of Lactantius’ passage on Constantine’s victorious sign in 312 against existing graphic evidence from the 310s and early 320s, and consequently ... More


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