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Can Virtue Be Taught?

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sketches a map of the ground to be covered in education for virtue, organized around a progression of three types of tasks of moral education. It is argued that society is pretty ... More


Conclusions

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This concluding chapter proposes generalizations that emerge from theory and research on group problem solving and a brief retrospective and prospective. Group tasks are ordered on a continuum ... More


The Politics of Climate Change Mitigation

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter begins with a short history of climate change as a policy issue, explaining the scientific basics of the phenomenon and culminating with an examination of current controversies over the ... More


Basic Concepts in Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of group problem solving. Group problem solving involves complementary, divisible, optimizing, intellective tasks for which a demonstrably correct ... More


Group Ability Composition on World Knowledge Problems

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines group ability composition and social combination processes on world knowledge tasks. On difficult world knowledge tasks, high-ability persons performed better in cooperative ... More


Collective Induction

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses collective induction, the cooperative search for descriptive, predictive, and explanatory generalizations, rules, and principles. As a psychological process induction begins ... More


The “Get‐Tough” 1980s

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

By 1980, the violence rate had reached its highest level in memory, including a modern record of more than 23,000 homicides. The victor in the presidential race that year, Ronald Reagan, was ... More


Human Cognitive Capabilities, Representativeness, and Ground Rules for Research

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that the rejection of human capability to perform probabilistic tasks is extremely premature. Studies which are often cited as showing that people perform such tasks poorly can be ... More


Turning the Examination Round

Marie McGinn

in Elucidating the ‘Tractatus’: Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy of Logic and Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199244447
eISBN:
9780191714146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244447.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter provides a brief discussion of the relation between Wittgenstein’s early and the later philosophy. It focuses on articulating the fundamental shift in Wittgenstein’s approach to the task ... More


Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Mentalizing

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A brief overview and mini-history of the subject of mindreading are presented. Philosophers were the first to worry about the folk understanding of other minds and the distinctive nature of ... More


The Child‐Scientist Theory

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Early childhood failures on false-belief tasks and related tasks lead many developmental psychologists to conclude that children (like scientists) undergo a succession of changes in their ... More


Personal Experiences

Phil Hankins

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From diagnosis to bereavement, 2nd Edn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199212934
eISBN:
9780191730368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212934.003.0022
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter relates the personal experience of Phil Hankins who was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In this chapter, he talks about how he faces the dilemma and problems ... More


Overview of In Vivo Cortical Oscillations

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

brain oscillations occur spontaneously, for example during sleep; as part of evoked responses following specific sensory stimulations; and as a correlate of cognitive and motor processes. In the ... More


The German Case: A Key Moderator in a Competitive Multi‐Level Environment

Andreas Maurer and Wolfgang Wessels

in The National Co-ordination of EU Policy: The European Level

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199248056
eISBN:
9780191601545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248052.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This study of the German permanent representation at Brussels unravels the complexities of co-ordination in a domestic political system characterized by vertical and horizontal pluralism, ... More


Permanent Challenges? Representing Greece in Brussels

Calliope Spanou

in The National Co-ordination of EU Policy: The European Level

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199248056
eISBN:
9780191601545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248052.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This account of the Greek permanent representation at Brussels starts by describing the Greek administrative system as characterized by sectorization and fragmentation, low co-ordination, ... More


Measuring Attention at the Cognitive Level: Measuring Attention at the Cognitive Level: Batteries and Tasks

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 6 reviews the test batteries and a multitude of specific tasks that measure attention at the cognitive level. The relative insensitivity of standardized tasks to tap subtle variations in ... More


 Maintenance and Implementation of Task Rules

Katsuyuki Sakai

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter shows that part of the anterior frontal cortex, the frontopolar cortex (FPC), is involved in the preparation of behaviors that require active manipulation of external information. During ... More


Skill acquisition: History, questions, and theories

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents the history of research into skill acquisition, and reviews the key questions and theories that have framed this research. Issues include the existence of plateaus in learning ... More


Development of core Internet standards: the work of IETF and W3C

Harald Alvestrand and Håkon Wium Lie

in Internet Governance: Infrastructure and Institutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561131
eISBN:
9780191721199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561131.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Political Economy

This chapter elaborates the processes of developing and adopting basic standards for data communication and storage on the Internet. The first part of the chapter focuses on the organizational ... More


Fragments of Consciousness?

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter evaluates the tenability of the unity thesis by examining the evidence for phenomenal disunity within the context of number of quite different domains. The first third of the chapter ... More


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