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Regulating Health and Environmental Risks under WTO Law: A Critical Analysis of the SPS Agreement

Lukasz Gruszczynski

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578924
eISBN:
9780191722646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578924.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The last sixty years witnessed an unprecedented expansion of international trade. The system created by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and later by the World Trade Organization (WTO) has ... More


Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

W. Max. Corden

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Expounds the normative theory of trade policy and sets out a framework for analysing trade and other intervention policies in the presence of domestic distortions. It includes discussion of static ... More


The Australia‐United States Free Trade Agreement

Jeffrey S. Lantis

in The Life and Death of International Treaties: Double-Edged Diplomacy and the Politics of Ratification in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199535019
eISBN:
9780191715952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535019.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the development of the 2004 Australia–United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA). Government leaders who completed negotiations on the treaty in 2004 believed that it would be ... More


The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Regional Trade Agreements

Olivier Cadot, Antoni Estevadeordal, Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann, and Thierry Verdier (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290482
eISBN:
9780191603471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290482.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Rules of Origin (RoO) are among the most important instruments in the negotiation and functioning of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs), designed to determine the eligibility of goods for preferential ... More


The Free Movement of Goods

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The previous chapter showed how transnational activity, the adjudication of the European Community (EC) law, and EC lawmaking had developed symbiotically to determine much of what is important about ... More


Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods

Petros Mavroidis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552139
eISBN:
9780191716591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552139.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book analyses the establishment and operation of international agreements regulating trade in goods, focusing on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The book outlines the history ... More


Aftermath and Legacy

Douglas A. Irwin

in Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150321
eISBN:
9781400838394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150321.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter assesses the aftermath and legacy of the Smoot–Hawley tariff. Smoot–Hawley gave congressional trade policy making a bad name that persists to this day. Those who enacted it promised ... More


Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Douglas A. Irwin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150321
eISBN:
9781400838394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150321.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Smoot–Hawley tariff of 1930, which raised U.S. duties on hundreds of imported goods to record levels, is America's most infamous trade law. It is often associated with—and sometimes blamed ... More


Introduction

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the efforts to create a single market in Europe in the post‐war period, a process with many similarities to the creation of a single market in the US. Drawing on this historical ... More


Removing Barriers to Trade: Empirical Evidence

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the costs of market fragmentation in Europe. It reviews the economic impact of removing barriers to trade as a result of divergent national standards, testing, and certification ... More


The United States and the GATT/WTO System

Gautam Sen

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

An examination is made of the relationship between the US and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and its successor, the World Trade Organization, addressing the crucial question of ... More


Developing States and the End of the Cold War: Liberalization, Globalization, and Their Consequences

Gautam Sen

in The Third World Beyond the Cold War: Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295518
eISBN:
9780191599217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295510.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The first section of this chapter examines the political and economic context of change in developing countries: the two themes are the evolution of the international economy, especially since the ... More


Judicialization and the Construction of Governance

Alec Stone Sweet

in On Law, Politics, and Judicialization

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256488
eISBN:
9780191600234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256489.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This paper, which was originally published in the journal Comparative Political Studies in 1999, is the second of two that elaborate a relatively general approach to judicial politics, which ... More


Left for Dead? The Recomposition of the Steel Industries in Germany, Japan, and the United States Since 1974

Gary Herrigel

in Manufacturing Possibilities: Creative Action and Industrial Recomposition in the United States, Germany, and Japan

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557738
eISBN:
9780191720871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557738.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

The chapter compares emergence of minimills in Germany, Japan and the US, along with the recomposition of the Integrated Steel Mill sector. Steel production as an industrial activity in each of the ... More


Tariff Philosophy

Alok Kumar and Sushanta K. Chatterjee

in Electricity Sector in India: Policy and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082279
eISBN:
9780199082063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082279.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides a historical perspective on tariff regulation in the electricity sector in India. It describes how the responsibility of tariff fixation has moved from the government or ... More


Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Lawrence Mills

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Protecting Free Trade is the story of a paradox that both limited and stimulated Hong Kong’s post-war economy. In order to preserve its access to open markets, Hong Kong was obligated by ... More


Trade in Goods

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The main GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) rules on specific instruments of trade control––tariffs, quotas, subsidies, customs procedures, and product standards are described, and the ... More


Global and Regional Institutions and the Regulation of Trade

Christel Lane and Jocelyn Probert

in National Capitalisms, Global Production Networks: Fashioning the Value Chain in the UK, US, and Germany

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214815
eISBN:
9780191721779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214815.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter shows how trade regulations and the global and regional institutions within which they are framed have distinctively shaped the textile and clothing industry for almost fifty years. It ... More


The EU, the WTO, and the NAFTA: Towards a Common Law of International Trade?

J. H. H. Weiler (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248124
eISBN:
9780191714863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248124.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The starting point of this book is the coexistence of the overlapping regimes of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the European Union (EU), and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). On ... More


‘No Settled Convictions’? Arthur Balfour, Political Economy, and Tariff Reform: A Reconsideration

E. H. H. GREEN

in Ideologies of Conservatism: Conservative Political Ideas in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205937
eISBN:
9780191717116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205937.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines the political economy of the Edwardian Conservative leader Arthur Balfour, and seeks to open new vistas on the complexities and nuances of the tariff reform versus free trade ... More


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